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[操作系统]crosstool

  

Ubuntu16.04无法安装libtool,只能在Ubuntu14.04以下版本安装。

cp 下载/crosstool-ng-1.22.0.tar.bz2 /home/hou/

tar -xvf crosstool-ng-1.22.0.tar.bz2

cd crosstool-ng

  

安装一些必要的软件:

apt install gperf bison flex texinfo help2man gawk libtool libncurses5-dev

Make

./configure --prefix=/home/hou/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_install

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 11:18

sudo make install

  

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 11:20

在~/.bashrc 配置ct-ng命令的环境变量

目录:

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build % ct-ng list-steps

Available build steps, in order:

- libc_check_config

- companion_libs_for_build

- binutils_for_build

- companion_libs_for_host

- binutils_for_host

- cc_core_pass_1

- kernel_headers

- libc_start_files

- cc_core_pass_2

- libc

- cc_for_build

- cc_for_host

- libc_post_cc

- companion_libs_for_target

- binutils_for_target

- debug

- test_suite

- finish

Use "<step>" as action to execute only that step.

Use "+<step>" as action to execute up to that step.

Use "<step>+" as action to execute from that step onward.

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build % ct-ng list-samples

Status Sample name

LN config

MKDIR config.gen

IN config.gen/arch.in

IN config.gen/kernel.in

IN config.gen/cc.in

IN config.gen/binutils.in

IN config.gen/libc.in

IN config.gen/debug.in

[G..] alphaev56-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] alphaev67-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] arm-bare_newlib_cortex_m3_nommu-eabi

[G..] arm-cortex_a15-linux-gnueabi

[G.X] arm-cortexa5-linux-uclibcgnueabihf

[G..] arm-cortex_a8-linux-gnueabi

[G.X] arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf

[G..] armeb-unknown-eabi

[G..] armeb-unknown-linux-gnueabi

[G..] armeb-unknown-linux-uclibcgnueabi

[G..] arm-unknown-eabi

[G..] arm-unknown-linux-gnueabi

[G.X] arm-unknown-linux-musleabi

[G..] arm-unknown-linux-uclibcgnueabi

[G.X] arm-unknown-linux-uclibcgnueabihf

[G..] armv6-rpi-linux-gnueabi

[G..] armv7-rpi2-linux-gnueabihf

[G..] avr

[G..] i586-geode-linux-uclibc

[G..] i586-mingw32msvc,i686-none-linux-gnu

[G..] i686-nptl-linux-gnu

[G.X] i686-w64-mingw32

[G..] m68k-unknown-elf

[G..] m68k-unknown-uclinux-uclibc

[G..] mips64el-n32-linux-uclibc

[G..] mips64el-n64-linux-uclibc

[G..] mips-ar2315-linux-gnu

[G..] mipsel-sde-elf

[G..] mipsel-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] mips-malta-linux-gnu

[G..] mips-unknown-elf

[G..] mips-unknown-linux-uclibc

[G.X] i686-w64-mingw32,nios2-spico-elf

[G..] powerpc-405-linux-gnu

[G..] powerpc64-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] powerpc-860-linux-gnu

[G..] powerpc-e300c3-linux-gnu

[G..] powerpc-e500v2-linux-gnuspe

[G..] powerpc-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] powerpc-unknown-linux-uclibc

[G..] powerpc-unknown_nofpu-linux-gnu

[G.X] s390-ibm-linux-gnu

[G..] s390x-ibm-linux-gnu

[G..] sh4-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] sparc-unknown-linux-gnu

[G.X] x86_64-w64-mingw32,x86_64-pc-linux-gnu

[G..] x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu

[G..] x86_64-unknown-linux-uclibc

[G.X] x86_64-w64-mingw32

[G..] xtensa-unknown-linux-uclibc

L (Local) : sample was found in current directory

G (Global) : sample was installed with crosstool-NG

X (EXPERIMENTAL): sample may use EXPERIMENTAL features

B (BROKEN) : sample is currently broken

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build %

在后续的配置(和编译)之后,可以通过show-tuple,去查看到当前配置的交叉编译器是啥样的

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build % ct-ng show-tuple

arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf

查看当前有哪些(默认的)示例配置,可以用:

ct-ng list-samples

查看单个的某个示例配置的核心参数,用:

ct-ng show-<sample>

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build % ct-ng show-arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf

IN config.gen/arch.in

IN config.gen/kernel.in

IN config.gen/cc.in

IN config.gen/binutils.in

IN config.gen/libc.in

[G.X] arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf

OS : linux-4.3

Companion libs : gmp-6.0.0a mpfr-3.1.3 mpc-1.0.3 expat-2.1.0 ncurses-6.0

binutils : binutils-2.22

C compilers : gcc | 5.2.0

Languages : C,C++

C library : glibc-2.22 (threads: nptl)

Tools : gdb-7.10

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build %

  

  

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 12:34

  

iTop4412是使用cortex-a9,所以按照这个配置就OK,上面是软件要求。

可以直接去调用此配置了:

ct-ng arm-cortexa9-linux-gnueabi

  

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 13:08

接下来,你就可以去进入配置:

ct-ng menuconfig

  

源码包下载保存路径

Paths and misc options
(${HOME}/arm/src) Local tarballs directory

工作路径

一般使用默认配置

Paths and misc options
(${CT_TOP_DIR}/.build) Working directory

目标安装路径

  

Paths and misc options
(${HOME}/arm/x-tools/${CT_TARGET}) Prefix directory

一些详细的配置请参考网站:

crosstool-ng详解

  

src下面主要用到linux、gcc两个安装包,这两个包比较大,可以提前下载好。其它的包自动下载。

  

配置好后,保存退出。执行ct-ng build编译

  

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 15:06

编译详细过程:

╭─hou@love-xin ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build

╰─$ ct-ng build

[INFO ] Performing some trivial sanity checks

[INFO ] Build started 20160522.191913

[INFO ] Building environment variables

[EXTRA] Preparing working directories

[EXTRA] Installing user-supplied crosstool-NG configuration

[EXTRA] =================================================================

[EXTRA] Dumping internal crosstool-NG configuration

[EXTRA] Building a toolchain for:

[EXTRA] build = x86_64-pc-linux-gnu

[EXTRA] host = x86_64-pc-linux-gnu

[EXTRA] target = arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf

[EXTRA] Dumping internal crosstool-NG configuration: done in 0.10s (at 00:08)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Retrieving needed toolchain components' tarballs

[EXTRA] Retrieving 'glibc-libidn-2.22'

[INFO ] Retrieving needed toolchain components' tarballs: done in 362.72s (at 06:11)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Extracting and patching toolchain components

[INFO ] Extracting and patching toolchain components: done in 2.59s (at 06:13)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'libc_check_config'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'companion_libs_for_build'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing ncurses for build

[EXTRA] Configuring ncurses

[EXTRA] Building ncurses

[EXTRA] Installing ncurses

[INFO ] Installing ncurses for build: done in 39.95s (at 06:53)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'binutils_for_build'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'companion_libs_for_host'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing GMP for host

[EXTRA] Configuring GMP

[EXTRA] Building GMP

[EXTRA] Installing GMP

[INFO ] Installing GMP for host: done in 47.59s (at 07:42)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing MPFR for host

[EXTRA] Configuring MPFR

[EXTRA] Building MPFR

[EXTRA] Installing MPFR

[INFO ] Installing MPFR for host: done in 36.57s (at 08:19)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing ISL for host

[EXTRA] Configuring ISL

[EXTRA] Building ISL

[EXTRA] Installing ISL

[INFO ] Installing ISL for host: done in 33.91s (at 08:53)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing MPC for host

[EXTRA] Configuring MPC

[EXTRA] Building MPC

[EXTRA] Installing MPC

[INFO ] Installing MPC for host: done in 16.35s (at 09:09)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing expat for host

[EXTRA] Configuring expat

[EXTRA] Building expat

[EXTRA] Installing expat

[INFO ] Installing expat for host: done in 7.11s (at 09:16)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'binutils_for_host'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing binutils for host

[EXTRA] Configuring binutils

[EXTRA] Building binutils

[EXTRA] Installing binutils

[EXTRA] Installing ld wrapper

[INFO ] Installing binutils for host: done in 199.40s (at 12:37)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'cc_core_pass_1'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing pass-1 core C gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Configuring core C gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Building gcc

[EXTRA] Installing gcc

[EXTRA] Housekeeping for final gcc compiler

[INFO ] Installing pass-1 core C gcc compiler: done in 538.26s (at 21:46)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'kernel_headers'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing kernel headers

[EXTRA] Installing kernel headers

[EXTRA] Checking installed headers

[INFO ] Installing kernel headers: done in 11.64s (at 22:16)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'libc_start_files'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing C library headers & start files

[EXTRA] Configuring C library

[EXTRA] Installing C library headers

[EXTRA] Installing C library start files

[INFO ] Installing C library headers & start files: done in 23.37s (at 22:54)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'cc_core_pass_2'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing pass-2 core C gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Configuring core C gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Building gcc

[EXTRA] Installing gcc

[EXTRA] Housekeeping for final gcc compiler

[INFO ] Installing pass-2 core C gcc compiler: done in 657.92s (at 34:06)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'libc'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing C library

[EXTRA] Configuring C library

[EXTRA] Building C library

[EXTRA] Installing C library

[EXTRA] Configuring C library localedef

[EXTRA] Building C library localedef

[EXTRA] Installing C library locales

[INFO ] Installing C library: done in 861.70s (at 48:47)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'cc_for_build'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'cc_for_host'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing final gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Configuring final gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Building final gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Installing final gcc compiler

[EXTRA] Housekeeping for final gcc compiler

[INFO ] Installing final gcc compiler: done in 902.17s (at 64:39)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'libc_post_cc'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'companion_libs_for_target'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing expat for target

[EXTRA] Configuring expat

[EXTRA] Building expat

[EXTRA] Installing expat

[INFO ] Installing expat for target: done in 6.22s (at 66:33)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing ncurses for target

[EXTRA] Configuring ncurses

[EXTRA] Building ncurses

[EXTRA] Installing ncurses

[INFO ] Installing ncurses for target: done in 49.44s (at 67:22)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'binutils_for_target'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'debug'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing cross-gdb

[EXTRA] Configuring cross-gdb

[EXTRA] Building cross-gdb

[EXTRA] Installing cross-gdb

[EXTRA] Installing '.gdbinit' template

[INFO ] Installing cross-gdb: done in 197.27s (at 71:44)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing native gdb

[EXTRA] Configuring native gdb

[EXTRA] Building native gdb

[EXTRA] Installing native gdb

[INFO ] Installing native gdb: done in 184.36s (at 74:48)

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Installing gdbserver

[EXTRA] Configuring gdbserver

[EXTRA] Building gdbserver

[EXTRA] Installing gdbserver

[INFO ] Installing gdbserver: done in 60.28s (at 75:49)

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'test_suite'...

[INFO ] Saving state to restart at step 'finish'...

[INFO ] =================================================================

[INFO ] Cleaning-up the toolchain's directory

[INFO ] Stripping all toolchain executables

[EXTRA] Installing the populate helper

[EXTRA] Installing a cross-ldd helper

[EXTRA] Creating toolchain aliases

[EXTRA] Removing access to the build system tools

[EXTRA] Removing installed documentation

[INFO ] Cleaning-up the toolchain's directory: done in 3.83s (at 77:27)

[INFO ] Build completed at 20160522.203639

[INFO ] (elapsed: 77:26.35)

[INFO ] Finishing installation (may take a few seconds)...

[77:27] / % ╭─hou@love-xin ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build

╰─$

添加环境变量:

sudo vim ~/.bashrc

在PATH变量中添加:${HOME}/arm/x-tools/arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf/bin

刷新:

source ~/.bashrc

  

  

屏幕剪辑的捕获时间: 2016/5/22 21:01

  

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build » arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf-gcc --version

arm-cortexa9_neon-linux-gnueabihf-gcc (crosstool-NG crosstool-ng-1.22.0) 5.2.0

Copyright © 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

本程序是自由软件;请参看源代码的版权声明。本软件没有任何担保;

包括没有适销性和某一专用目的下的适用性担保。

love-xin :: ~/arm/crosstool-ng-1.22.0_build »

  

为了不影响主机看网页、玩游戏,当时设置Ubuntu是2G运行内存,所以时间有点慢,想要快点可以设置大一点。