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[操作系统]04.ubuntu下kvm 命令行安装64位ubuntu报Couldnt find hvm kernel for Ubuntu tree.的问题


1.安装ubuntu时使用的virt-install的配置:

virt-install \--name test4 \--ram 1024 \--disk path=/data/01_ubuntu/ubuntu4.img,size=6 \--vcpus 1 \--hvm \--os-type linux \--network network=default \--os-variant ubuntuquantal \--graphics none \--console pty,target_type=serial \--location /data/00_osfile/ubuntu-16.04.1-server-amd64.iso \--extra-args 'console=ttyS0,115200n8 serial'

报错如下:

ERROR Couldn't find hvm kernel for Ubuntu tree.Domain installation does not appear to have been successful.

通过查资料发现,virt-install可以开debug模式的,加入--debug选项即可

 

2.virt-install的debug模式得到的结果:

[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:268) local hasFile: Couldn't find /var/lib/libvirt/boot/virtinstmnt.xPL9y1/current/images/MANIFEST[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:89) Fetching URI: /var/lib/libvirt/boot/virtinstmnt.xPL9y1/install/netboot/version.infoRetrieving file version.info...                                                           |  58 B 00:00:00   [Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:1164) Didn't find any known codename in the URL string[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:511) Detected distro name=Ubuntu osvariant=linux[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:268) local hasFile: Couldn't find /var/lib/libvirt/boot/virtinstmnt.xPL9y1/install/netboot/ubuntu-installer/i386/linux

这里就可以看出问题了,明明是64位的操作系统,为什么去找./install/netboot/ubuntu-install/i386/linux的路径

我们去看看iso文件中正确的路径是什么:

[root@11.102 01_ubuntu]$mount /data/00_osfile/ubuntu-16.04.1-server-amd64.iso /mntmount: /dev/loop2 is write-protected, mounting read-only
[root@11.102 01_ubuntu]$ls /mnt/install/netboot/ubuntu-installer/amd64/linux /mnt/install/netboot/ubuntu-installer/amd64/linux

基本确定,如果将路径的i386改为amd64,virt-install安装就没有问题。

debug模式剩余的log:

[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (urlfetcher:320) Cleaning up mount at /var/lib/libvirt/boot/virtinstmnt.xPL9y1[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (cli:305)  File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virt-install", line 1077, in <module>  sys.exit(main()) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virt-install", line 1071, in main  start_install(guest, continue_inst, options) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virt-install", line 775, in start_install  fail(e, do_exit=False) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/cli.py", line 305, in fail  logging.debug("".join(traceback.format_stack()))[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] ERROR (cli:306) Couldn't find hvm kernel for Ubuntu tree.[Wed, 30 Nov 2016 11:16:07 virt-install 26900] DEBUG (cli:308) Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virt-install", line 747, in start_install  dom = guest.start_install(meter=meter, noboot=options.noreboot) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/guest.py", line 491, in start_install  self._prepare_install(meter, dry) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/guest.py", line 304, in _prepare_install  self.installer.prepare(self, meter) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/installer.py", line 200, in prepare  self._prepare(guest, meter) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/distroinstaller.py", line 451, in _prepare  self._prepare_kernel_url(guest, fetcher) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/distroinstaller.py", line 360, in _prepare_kernel_url  kernel, initrd, args = store.acquireKernel(guest) File "/usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/urlfetcher.py", line 603, in acquireKernel  {"distro": self.name, "type" : self.type})RuntimeError: Couldn't find hvm kernel for Ubuntu tree.

 

3.修改virt-manager代码:

通过上面的报错,发现virt-manager使用python写的!正好想看什么源码来自,这个正好!

通过对virt-manager这一项目一步步debug,找到问题:

[root@11.102 ~]$grep -n -A22 "class DebianDistro" /usr/share/virt-manager/virtinst/urlfetcher.py1076:class DebianDistro(Distro):1077-  # ex. http://ftp.egr.msu.edu/debian/dists/sarge/main/installer-i386/1078-  # daily builds: http://d-i.debian.org/daily-images/amd64/1079-  name = "Debian"1080-  urldistro = "debian"1081-  os_variant = "linux"1082-1083-  def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):1084-    Distro.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)1085-1086-    # Pull the tree's arch out of the URL text1087-    self._treeArch = 'i386'1088-    for pattern in ["^.*/installer-(\w+)/?$",1089-            "^.*/daily-images/(\w+)/?$"]:1090-      arch = re.findall(pattern, self.uri)1091-      if arch:1092-        self._treeArch = arch[0]1093-        break1094-1095-    self._url_prefix = 'current/images'1096-    self._installer_dirname = self.name.lower() + "-installer"1097-    self._set_media_paths()

发现基于Debian的系统,__init__方法中self._treeArch初始化时是i386,估计是virt-manager读取ubuntu的iso文件时,出了什么问题,没读出该系统是x86_64类型,将该值改为amd64,就可以了。

再次运行virt-install,成功进入ubuntu安装界面!

 

附:CentOS命令行使用KVM安装64位ubuntu报"Couldn't find hvm kernel for Ubuntu tree."的解决办法

grep -n -A21 'class DebianDistro' /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/virtinst/OSDistro.py 命令可以查看DebianDistro类的__init__方法
[root@2 virtinst]$grep -n -A21 'class DebianDistro' /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/virtinst/OSDistro.py892:class DebianDistro(Distro):893-  # ex. http://ftp.egr.msu.edu/debian/dists/sarge/main/installer-i386/894-  # daily builds: http://people.debian.org/~joeyh/d-i/895-896-  name = "Debian"897-  os_type = "linux"898-899-  def __init__(self, uri, arch, vmtype=None, scratchdir=None):900-    Distro.__init__(self, uri, arch, vmtype, scratchdir)901-    if uri.count("installer-i386"):902-      self._treeArch = "i386"903-    elif uri.count("installer-amd64"):904-      self._treeArch = "amd64"905-    else:906-      self._treeArch = "i386"907-908-    if re.match(r'i[4-9]86', arch):909-      self.arch = 'i386'910-911-    self._installer_name = self.name.lower() + "-" + "installer"912-    self._prefix = 'current/images'913-    self._set_media_paths()

改变__init__方法里的else:条件下面的一行,将"i386"改为"amd64"即可


- self._treeArch = 'i386'+ self._treeArch = 'amd64'