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[操作系统]基于Ubuntu14.04系统的nvidia tesla K40驱动和cuda 7.5安装笔记


注1:本人新手,文章中不准确的地方,欢迎批评指正

注2:知识储备应达到Linux入门级水平

一.首先介绍硬件配置

处理器 英特尔 Core i7

主板 华硕工作站主板

显卡 Nvidia GeForce GT 730

GPU Nvidia Tesla K40c

内存 32 GB

二.裸机安装ubuntu-14.04.5-desktop-amd64.iso镜像文件

UltraISo制作U盘启动盘,安装即可

三.安装nvidia驱动和cuda 7.5

很多新手会遇到安装了nvidia官方驱动之后,reboot系统,会卡在登陆页面的问题,原因是nvidia驱动和Ubuntu自带的nouveau显卡驱动冲突

进入terminal后

1.证明存在GPU

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$ lspci | grep -i nvidia

01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation GK208 [GeForce GT 730] (rev a1)

01:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation GK208 HDMI/DP Audio Controller (rev a1)

02:00.0 3D controller: NVIDIA Corporation GK110BGL [Tesla K40c] (rev a1)

 

2.Linux版本是否支持x86_64

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$ uname -m && cat /etc/*release

x86_64

DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu

DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04

DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty

DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04.5 LTS"

NAME="Ubuntu"

VERSION="14.04.5 LTS, Trusty Tahr"

ID=ubuntu

ID_LIKE=debian

PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 14.04.5 LTS"

VERSION_ID="14.04"

HOME_URL="http://www.ubuntu.com/"

SUPPORT_URL="http://help.ubuntu.com/"

BUG_REPORT_URL="http://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"

 

3.看gcc是否安装

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$ gcc --version

gcc (Ubuntu 4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.3) 4.8.4

Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO

warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

 

4.看是否存在已安装的nvidia驱动,如果存在应先卸载

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$ lsmod | grep nvidia

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$

 

5.看是否存在已安装的草根驱动nouveau

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/$ lsmod | grep nouveau

nouveau              1474560  4

ttm                    94208  1 nouveau

drm_kms_helper        143360  2 i915_bpo,nouveau

drm                   360448  8 ttm,i915_bpo,drm_kms_helper,nouveau

mxm_wmi                16384  1 nouveau

i2c_algo_bit           16384  2 i915_bpo,nouveau

wmi                    20480  3 mxm_wmi,nouveau,asus_wmi

video                  40960  3 i915_bpo,nouveau,asus_wmi

 

6.关闭图形界面X-Win界面

sudo stop lightdm

 

7.进入1命令通道

 

8.进入黑名单目录

cd /etc/modprobe.d/

 

9.创建blacklist-nouveau.conf并添加内容

sudo touch blacklist-nouveau.conf

sudo echo "blacklist nouveau">>blacklist-nouveau.conf

sudo echo "options nouveau modeset=0">>blacklist-nouveau.conf

 

10.查看blacklist-nouveau.conf内容是否添加成功

sudo cat blacklist-nouveau.conf

 

11.更新blacklist

update initramfs -u

 

12.重启

sudo shutdown -r now

 

13.查看驱动是否还存在

lsmod | grep nouveau

 

14.找到apt存放deb文件的位置

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:~/桌面$ cd /var/cache/apt/archives/

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:/var/cache/apt/archives$ ls

有很多*.deb文件就对了

 

15.获取移动复制文件的权限,把事先在nvidia官网下好的cuda-repo-ubuntu1404-7-5-local_7.5-18_amd64.deb拷贝进去

root@tju-System-Product-Name:/var/cache/apt/archives# sudo nautilus

ctrl+z跳出

 

16.安装cuda

sudo dpkg -i cuda-repo-ubuntu1404-7-5-local_7.5-18_amd64.deb

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install cuda

 

17.查看驱动

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:~$ lsmod | grep nvidia

nvidia_uvm            724992  0

nvidia_drm             45056  2

nvidia_modeset        765952  4 nvidia_drm

nvidia              11489280  81 nvidia_modeset,nvidia_uvm

drm_kms_helper        143360  2 i915_bpo,nvidia_drm

drm                   360448  6 i915_bpo,drm_kms_helper,nvidia_drm

 

18.检查安装情况

tju@tju-System-Product-Name:~$ nvidia-smi

Wed Nov 23 11:02:20 2016      

+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

| NVIDIA-SMI 367.57                 Driver Version: 367.57                    |

|-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

| GPU  Name        Persistence-M| Bus-Id        Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC |

| Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage | GPU-Util  Compute M. |

|===============================+======================+======================|

|   0  GeForce GT 730      Off  | 0000:01:00.0     N/A |                  N/A |

| 20%   27C    P8    N/A /  N/A |    163MiB /   979MiB |     N/A      Default |

+-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

|   1  Tesla K40c          Off  | 0000:02:00.0     Off |                  Off |

| 23%   29C    P8    19W / 235W |      0MiB / 12204MiB |      0%      Default |

+-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

                                                                              

+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

| Processes:                                                       GPU Memory |

|  GPU       PID  Type  Process name                               Usage      |

|=============================================================================|

|    0                  Not Supported                                         |

+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

安装完成

参考文献

1.http://www.cnblogs.com/whenever/p/5631325.html

2.http://blog.csdn.net/lu597203933/article/details/46742199/