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[操作系统]centos6.5编译安装lamp开发环境


一、系统以及软件的准备

  系统及编译安装包的下载地址:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1jIjqinc   密码:ghc2

  说明:由于centos6.5是分卷压缩的,且压缩为三个压缩包,所以请下载三个压缩包,并放于同一文件夹中,解压CentOS-6.5-x86_64-bin-DVD.zip即可。

     lamp安装包文件夹中有19个安装包,均为必要的环境安装包或依赖包;下载完成之后将lamp安装包压缩为.zip格式压缩包。

     本次环境安装已以上系统和安装包为实验安装,为确保安装正确,请严格按照以上系统和安装包。

 

二、系统的安装和网络的配置。

  centos6.5 ×86_64的安装,在此省略安装步骤。

  vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0  配置好网络。

  分区时注意给/usr 分区空间大点,至少10G。因为安装包是放于/usr/local/src/下,且安装的位置都是在/usr/local 下

 

三、就绪工作

  1. 查看系统是否已经默认安装了httpd、mysql、php。

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep httpd*httpd-tools-2.2.15-29.el6.centos.x86_64httpd-2.2.15-29.el6.centos.x86_64[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep mysql*mysql-libs-5.1.71-1.el6.x86_64[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep php*redhat-lsb-graphics-4.0-7.el6.centos.x86_64sane-backends-libs-gphoto2-1.0.21-3.el6.x86_64gvfs-gphoto2-1.4.3-15.el6.x86_64phonon-backend-gstreamer-4.6.2-26.el6_4.x86_64plymouth-graphics-libs-0.8.3-27.el6.centos.x86_64hyphen-en-2.4-5.1.el6.noarchlibreoffice-graphicfilter-4.0.4.2-9.el6.x86_64hyphen-2.4-5.1.el6.x86_64libgphoto2-2.4.7-4.el6.x86_64xorg-x11-drv-elographics-1.4.1-2.el6.x86_64

     以上可以看出系统已经默认安装 了相关软件,使用以下命令卸载:

    yum –y remove htppd * 

    yum –y remove mysql*

    yum –y remove php*

  2. 配置防火墙

    Vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables  ,在以下相应位置,加入 红色  的两行

A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited


     /etc/init.d/iptables restart  重启生效。

  3. 关闭selinux

    vim /etc/selinux/config  

    在 SELINUX=enforcing  SELINUXTYPE=targeted 两句前面加#号注释   增加一句 SELINUX=disabled  保存完毕后,shutdown –r now 重启系统。如下:

#SELINUX=enforcing# SELINUXTYPE= can take one of these two values:#   targeted - Targeted processes are protected,#   mls - Multi Level Security protection.#SELINUXTYPE=targeted SELINUX=disabled

  4. 上传安装包到指定的位置。

    使用rz命令上传到本机。此时得先安装rz命令,使用命令 yum –y install lrzsz 命令。切换到指定目录:cd  /usr/local/src   ,使用 rz 命令上传安装包,上传完毕后如下:

[root@localhost src]# pwd/usr/local/src[root@localhost src]# lslamp安装包.zip  

      解压 lamp安装包.zip,  unzip lamp安装包.zip ;修改名称为lamp   mv lamp安装包 lamp ,删除lamp安装包.zip  rm -rf  lamp安装包.zip

 

四、安装相关源码包

  1. yum安装编译工具 gcc 和gcc-c++   用rpm -q make gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel libaio 查询是否安装以上安装包,用 yum -y install make gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel libaio 安装以上安装包。

  2. 编译安装lib

    yum –y install python-devel 

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp

    tar zxvf lib

    cd lib 

    配置安装目录,命令如下:                 

[root@localhost lib2.9.4]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lib

    编译以及安装 make && make install

     此时推荐make  和make install 分两步操作,以便查看错误。且原则上,如果没有报 eorro错误,而只是 leving drictory 是不算错误的。

  3. 编译安装libmcrypt 

    cd/usr/local/src/lamp    

    tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz 

    cd libmcrypt-2.5.7  

    配置安装目录,命令如下:   

  [root@localhost libmcrypt-2.5.7]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt/


 

    make  make install

  4. 编译安装zlib  

    cd/usr/local/src/lamp 

    tar zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz  

    cd zlib-1.2.8

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost zlib-1.2.8]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib/

    make make install

  5. 编译安装libpng    

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp 

    tar zxvf libpng-1.6.23.tar.gz  

 

    cd libpng-1.6.23  

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost libpng-1.6.23]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng/ --enable-shared 

    make  make install 

  6. 编译安装jpeg  

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp  

    tar zxvf jpegsrc.v9a.tar.gz 

    cd jpeg-9a/ 

    mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/  

    mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/bin

    mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/lib/  

    mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/include/  

    mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg/man/man1

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost jpeg-9a]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg/ --enable-shared --enable-static 

    make  make install

  7. 编译安装freeetype 

    cd /usr/local/src/lamp

    tar zxvf freetype-2.6.3.tar.gz  

    cd freetype-2.6.3   

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost freetype-2.6.3]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype/ --enable-shared 

    make make install 

  8. 编译安装autoconf 

    cd /usr/local/src/lamp  

    tar zxvf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz  

    cd autoconf-2.69 

    autoconf直接在当前目录配置 

    ./configure 

    make make install

  9. 编译安装GD   

    cd/usr/local/src/lamp  

    tar zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz   

    cd gd-2.0.35     

    vim gd_png.c

    找到#include "png.h"改成#include "/usr/local/libpng/include/png.h" ,如下:

/* JCE: Arrange HAVE_LIBPNG so that it can be set in gd.h */#ifdef HAVE_LIBPNG#include "gdhelpers.h"#include "/usr/local/libpng/include/png.h"        /* includes zlib.h and setjmp.h */#define TRUE 1#define FALSE 0

 

     配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost gd-2.0.35]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg --with-png=/usr/local/libpng --with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype 

    make  make install

 

五、安装apache

  1. 编译安装apr-1.5.2   

     先查看是否安装apr 、apr-util  使用命令 rpm -q apr apr-util,如果已经安装则yum –y remove apr apr-util  

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp 

    tar zxvf apr-1.5.2.tar.gz 

    cd apr-1.5.2   

  配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost apr-1.5.2]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-httpd/

    make make install

  2. 编译安装apr-util  

    cd /usr/local/src/lamp 

    tar zxvf apr-util-1.5.4.tar.gz  

    cd apr-util-1.5.4  

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost apr-util-1.5.4]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util-httpd/ --with-apr=/usr/local/apr-httpd

    make  make install 

  3. 编译安装pcre  

    cd/usr/local/src/lamp  

    tar zxvf pcre-8.34.tar.gz   

    cd pcre-8.34  

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost pcre-8.34]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre

    make make install

  4. 编译安装apache  

    cd /usr/local/src/lamp     

    tar zxvf httpd-2.4.20.tar.gz 

    cd httpd-2.4.20 

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost httpd-2.4.20]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-mods-shared=all --enable-deflate --enable-speling --enable-cache --enable-file-cache --enable-disk-cache --enable-mem-cache --enable-so --enable-expires=shared --enable-rewrite=shared --enable-static-support --sysconfdir=/etc/httpd --with-z=/usr/local/zlib/ --with-apr=/usr/local/apr-httpd --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util-httpd --with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre --disable-userdir  

    make make install  

    修改配置,vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

    在配置文件增加一行 ServerName localhost:80   

#ServerName www.example.com:80ServerName localhost:80

 

    启动apache   /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

    打开浏览器测试,输入192.168.0.225 (本机ip地址为192.168.0.225)发现 it works 证明 apache安装成功  

    设置apahce开机启动,使用命令 echo "/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local  

    将apache启动加入服务, cp /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd   ,给予执行权限 chmod +x /etc/init.d/httpd  

     vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd  在第二行加入以下两行  #chkconfig:2345 10 90  #description:Activates/Deactivates Apache Web Server,保存后退出

#!/bin/sh#chkconfig:2345 10 90#description:Activates/Deactivates Apache Web Server# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more

 

    chkconfig --add httpd 

    chkconfig --level 2345 httpd on  

    service httpd restart

 

六、安装mysql

  1. 编译安装cmake 

    cd /usr/local/src/lamp  

    tar zxvf cmake-3.4.3.tar.gz  

    cd cmake-3.4.3  

    ./bootstrap  

    gmake 

    make make install

  2. 安装ncurses-devel  

    yum -y install ncurses-devel  

  3. 创建用户、组和目录

    groupadd mysql 

    useradd mysql -g mysql 

    passwd mysql 设置密码为123 

    mkdir /usr/local/mysql 

    mkdir /usr/local/mysql/data 

    chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

  4. 编译安装msql 

    cd/usr/local/src/lamp

    tar zxvf mysql-5.5.23.tar.gz 

    cd mysql-5.5.23 

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost mysql-5.5.23]# cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all  -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8  -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci  -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_READLINE=1  -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DMYSQL_USER=mysql-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 

    make make install  

    cd /usr/local/mysql/    

    给当前安装目录设置权限

    chown -R root.mysql .    

    chown -R mysql.mysql ./data              

    初始化数据库  /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  

    拷贝mysql配置文件    cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf   

    启动mysql服务   /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &   

    给sock文件设置mysql权限  chown mysql.mysql /tmp/mysql.sock   

    追加开机启动   echo "/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local 

    设置密码为123   /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password 123  

    测试连接mysql  /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot  -p  ,连接成功,则整个mysql安装成功。

 

    为mysql配置环境变量 export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH

    将mysql加入服务   cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

    设置远程登录root用户权限,密码为 123   登录录进mysql 

    use mysql;  

    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '123' WITH GRANT OPTION; 

    flush privileges; 

 

    重启mysql服务   service mysqld restart

    

 

七、安装php

  1. 安装libXpm-devel  

    yum -y install libXpm-devel

  2. 编译安装php  

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp

    tar zxvf php-5.6.22.tar.gz 

    cd php-5.6.22 

    配置安装目录,命令如下

[root@localhost php-5.6.22]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-libdir=/usr/local/libdir=/usr/local/libpng --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype --with-gd --with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib --with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt --with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 --enable-soap --enable-mbstring=all -enable-sockets

    make  make install   

    cp php.ini-development  /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini   

    vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini  

    修改php.ini 把;date.timezone 前面的分号去掉,改成date.timezone ="PRC"   

     vim /etc/httpd/httpd.conf  

    在AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz后面添加两行

      AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml  

      AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps 

 #  # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration  # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.  #  #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz   AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml   AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps  #  # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress  # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.

 

 

    将下面一行DirectoryIndex index.html   更改为:DirectoryIndex  index.php index.html index.htm 修改完后,退出。

## DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory# is requested.#<IfModule dir_module>  DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm</IfModule>

 

    Service httpd restart 

 

八、安装PDO扩展

    cd  /usr/local/src/lamp 

    tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz.1  

    cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2

    /usr/local/php/bin/phpize 

    ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/* /usr/local/include/  

    配置安装目录,命令如下  

[root@localhost PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2]# ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql

    make  make install   

    vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini 

    在php.ini里面配置加载pdo 扩展

    extension=pdo.so  extension=pdo_mysql.so 

; For example, on Windows:;;  extension=msql.dll;; ... or under UNIX:;;  extension=msql.so  extension=pdo.so  extension=pdo_mysql.so;

 

 

    加入一行命令  extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20131226"

; Directory in which the loadable extensions (modules) reside.; http://php.net/extension-dir; extension_dir = "./" extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20131226"; On windows:; extension_dir = "ext"

 

    重启apache  service httpd restart

    vim /usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.php  phpinfo()检测是否安装成。如图:

 

 

 参考链接:http://wenku.baidu.com/view/98299b48c5da50e2524d7fd3.html?re=view