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[数据库]Create function through MySQLdb


http://stackoverflow.com/questions/745538/create-function-through-mysqldb

 

How can I define a multi-statement function or procedure in using the MySQLdb lib in python?

Example:

import MySQLdbdb = MySQLdb.connect(db='service')c = db.cursor()c.execute("""DELIMITER //CREATE FUNCTION trivial_func (radius float)   RETURNS FLOAT  BEGIN  IF radius > 1 THEN    RETURN 0.0;  ELSE    RETURN 1.0;  END IF;END //DELIMITER ;""")

Which creates the following traceback:

Traceback (most recent call last): File "proof.py", line 21, in <module>  DELIMITER ;""") File "build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg/MySQLdb/cursors.py", line 173, in execute File "build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg/MySQLdb/connections.py", line 35, in defaulterrorhandler_mysql_exceptions.ProgrammingError: (1064, "You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'DELIMITER //\nCREATE FUNCTION trivial_func (radius float) \n  RETURNS FLOAT\n\n  ' at line 1")

If I copy the same SQL directly into a mysql shell client, it works as expected


python mysql
  
bluish9,4091269126


asked Apr 13 '09 at 21:54
 

ʞɔıu23k2070111


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3 Answers

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up vote15down voteaccepted

The DELIMITER command is a MySQL shell client builtin, and it's recognized only by that program (and MySQL Query Browser). It's not necessary to use DELIMITER if you execute SQL statements directly through an API.

The purpose of DELIMITER is to help you avoid ambiguity about the termination of the CREATE FUNCTION statement, when the statement itself can contain semicolon characters. This is important in the shell client, where by default a semicolon terminates an SQL statement. You need to set the statement terminator to some other character in order to submit the body of a function (or trigger or procedure).

CREATE FUNCTION trivial_func (radius float)   RETURNS FLOAT  BEGIN  IF radius > 1 THEN    RETURN 0.0; <-- does this semicolon terminate RETURN or CREATE FUNCTION?  ELSE    RETURN 1.0;  END IF;END

Since the API typically allows you to submit one SQL statement at a time, there's no ambiguity -- the interface knows that any semicolons inside the body of your function definition don't terminate the whole CREATE FUNCTION statement. So there's no need to change the statement terminator with DELIMITER.