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[数据库]3. 跟踪标记 (Trace Flag) 1204, 1222 抓取死锁信息

跟踪标记:1204/1222

功能及用途:

捕获SQL Server死锁信息,并自动存放到错误日志(ERRORLOG)中。

 

举例:

USE tempdbGO CREATE TABLE t1(id int)INSERT t1 SELECT 1CREATE TABLE t2(id int)INSERT t2 SELECT 1GO --开启1204/1222跟踪标记(任何查询窗口)DBCC TRACEON(1204,-1)--DBCC TRACEON(1205,3605,-1)--DBCC TRACEON(1206,3605,-1)--DBCC TRACEON(1222,-1)GO --查询窗口1SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTEDBEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  WAITFOR DELAY '00:00:05'  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRANGO --查询窗口2SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTED--死锁优先级为low,将被选择作为牺牲品SET DEADLOCK_PRIORITY LOW BEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRANGO --关闭1204/1222跟踪标记(任何查询窗口)DBCC TRACEOFF(1204,-1)--DBCC TRACEOFF(1205,3605,-1)--DBCC TRACEOFF(1206,3605,-1)--DBCC TRACEOFF(1222,-1)GO --查看错误日志里的死锁信息exec xp_readerrorlog 0,1DROP TABLE t1,t2

 

跟踪标记1204 在错误日志中记录的死锁信息

DBCC TRACEON 1204, server process ID (SPID) 56. This is an informational message only; no user action is required.Deadlock encountered .... Printing deadlock informationWait-for graphNULLNode:1RID: 2:1:624:0         CleanCnt:2 Mode:X Flags: 0x3 Grant List 1:  Owner:0x00000034DF20D840 Mode: X    Flg:0x40 Ref:0 Life:02000000 SPID:56 ECID:0 XactLockInfo: 0x00000034DDE34440  SPID: 56 ECID: 0 Statement Type: UPDATE Line #: 9  Input Buf: Language Event: --查询窗口1SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTEDBEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  WAITFOR DELAY '00:00:05'  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRANRequested by:  ResType:LockOwner Stype:'OR'Xdes:0x00000034E122B2B8 Mode: U SPID:58 BatchID:0 ECID:0 TaskProxy:(0x00000034BB418870) Value:0xdf20d040 Cost:(5/224)NULLNode:2RID: 2:3:944:0         CleanCnt:2 Mode:X Flags: 0x3 Grant List 1:  Owner:0x00000034DF20D980 Mode: X    Flg:0x40 Ref:0 Life:02000000 SPID:58 ECID:0 XactLockInfo: 0x00000034E122B2F0  SPID: 58 ECID: 0 Statement Type: UPDATE Line #: 8  Input Buf: Language Event: --查询窗口2SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTEDSET DEADLOCK_PRIORITY LOWBEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRANRequested by:  ResType:LockOwner Stype:'OR'Xdes:0x00000034DDE34408 Mode: U SPID:56 BatchID:0 ECID:0 TaskProxy:(0x00000034BB1DC870) Value:0xdf20ec00 Cost:(0/224)NULLVictim Resource Owner: ResType:LockOwner Stype:'OR'Xdes:0x00000034E122B2B8 Mode: U SPID:58 BatchID:0 ECID:0 TaskProxy:(0x00000034BB418870) Value:0xdf20d040 Cost:(5/224)DBCC TRACEOFF 1204, server process ID (SPID) 56. This is an informational message only; no user action is required.

 

跟踪标记1222 在错误日志中记录的死锁信息

DBCC TRACEON 1222, server process ID (SPID) 56. This is an informational message only; no user action is required.deadlock-list deadlock victim=process34d71fc4e8 process-list  process id=process34d71fc4e8 taskpriority=5 logused=224 waitresource=RID: 2:1:624:0 waittime=3012 ownerId=1281992 transactionname=user_transaction lasttranstarted=2016-10-12T10:11:24.513 XDES=0x34dde34408 lockMode=U schedulerid=2 kpid=5736 status=suspended spid=58 sbid=0 ecid=0 priority=-5 trancount=2 lastbatchstarted=2016-10-12T10:11:24.513 lastbatchcompleted=2016-10-12T10:11:12.760 lastattention=2016-10-12T10:10:46.323 clientapp=Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio - Query hostname=CHRZHANG hostpid=6924 loginname=PCLC0\chrzhang isolationlevel=read committed (2) xactid=1281992 currentdb=2 lockTimeout=4294967295 clientoption1=671090784 clientoption2=390200  executionStack   frame procname=adhoc line=9 stmtstart=38 stmtend=116 sqlhandle=0x020000006f1dc606af4ee82be297cae142d4eca1b1b26d840000000000000000000000000000000000000000unknown     frame procname=adhoc line=9 stmtstart=324 stmtend=384 sqlhandle=0x02000000c9c0f33adb0fe790eb6b0e4c7175f9f4b5931a970000000000000000000000000000000000000000unknown     inputbuf--查询窗口2SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTEDSET DEADLOCK_PRIORITY LOWBEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRAN  process id=process34ddc6a4e8 taskpriority=0 logused=224 waitresource=RID: 2:3:944:0 waittime=1071 ownerId=1281979 transactionname=user_transaction lasttranstarted=2016-10-12T10:11:21.440 XDES=0x34e122b2b8 lockMode=U schedulerid=2 kpid=968 status=suspended spid=56 sbid=0 ecid=0 priority=0 trancount=2 lastbatchstarted=2016-10-12T10:11:21.440 lastbatchcompleted=2016-10-12T10:11:04.287 lastattention=1900-01-01T00:00:00.287 clientapp=Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio - Query hostname=CHRZHANG hostpid=6924 loginname=PCLC0\chrzhang isolationlevel=read committed (2) xactid=1281979 currentdb=2 lockTimeout=4294967295 clientoption1=671090784 clientoption2=390200  executionStack   frame procname=adhoc line=8 stmtstart=38 stmtend=116 sqlhandle=0x0200000083cd4832d993ca3b2dcaae9f9cc70a25e718dbe90000000000000000000000000000000000000000unknown     frame procname=adhoc line=8 stmtstart=326 stmtend=386 sqlhandle=0x02000000ff6a84274c6888c86c481ae84300231e8f5fb8000000000000000000000000000000000000000000unknown     inputbuf--查询窗口1SET LOCK_TIMEOUT -1SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ COMMITTEDBEGIN TRAN  UPDATE t1 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1  WAITFOR DELAY '00:00:05'  UPDATE t2 SET id = 0 WHERE id=1--COMMIT TRAN resource-list  ridlock fileid=1 pageid=624 dbid=2 objectname=tempdb.dbo.t1 id=lock34d8ea3200 mode=X associatedObjectId=2017612634171244544  owner-list   owner id=process34ddc6a4e8 mode=X  waiter-list   waiter id=process34d71fc4e8 mode=U requestType=wait  ridlock fileid=3 pageid=944 dbid=2 objectname=tempdb.dbo.t2 id=lock34d8ea3780 mode=X associatedObjectId=2089670228250132480  owner-list   owner id=process34d71fc4e8 mode=X  waiter-list   waiter id=process34ddc6a4e8 mode=U requestType=waitDBCC TRACEOFF 1222, server process ID (SPID) 56. This is an informational message only; no user action is required.

 

小结:

(1) 不需要加跟踪标记3605,跟踪标记1204,1222捕获的死锁信息便会被写到错误日志;

(2) 跟踪标记 1222以

(3) 无文档记载的跟踪标记1205,1206,据说可以用来丰富1204捕获死锁的信息,在SQL Server 2016下简单测试同时开启1204,1205,1206,和单独开启1204并没发现有什么不同,个人猜测是随着版本更替,跟踪标记捕获的死锁信息已经被整合,直接用1204或1222即可;

(4) 从SQL Server 2008开始,引进了扩展事件(Extended Events),也可以用来捕获死锁信息。

 

参考:

Tracing a SQL Server Deadlock

https://www.mssqltips.com/sqlservertutorial/252/tracing-a-sql-server-deadlock/

 

Trace Flags - SQL Server Wiki - SQL Server - Toad World

https://www.toadworld.com/platforms/sql-server/w/wiki/9790.trace-flags

 

Using SQL Server 2008 Extended Events

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd822788%28v=sql.100%29.aspx?f=255&MSPPError=-2147217396