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[Java教程]常用API——字符串String型函数


上图:

  • 声明
var myString = new String(“Every good boy does fine.”);var myString = “Every good boy does fine.”;

 

  • 字符串连接
var myString = “Every ” + “good boy ” + “does fine.”;var myString = “Every “; myString += “good boy does fine.”;

 

  • 截取字符串
//截取第 6 位开始的字符var myString = “Every good boy does fine.”;var section = myString.substring(6); //结果: “good boy does fine.”//截取第 0 位开始至第 10 位为止的字符var myString = “Every good boy does fine.”;var section = myString.substring(0,10); //结果: “Every good”//截取从第 11 位到倒数第 6 位为止的字符var myString = “Every good boy does fine.”;var section = myString.slice(11,-6); //结果: “boy does”//从第 6 位开始截取长度为 4 的字符var myString = “Every good boy does fine.”;var section = myString.substr(6,4); //结果: “good”

 

  • 转换大小写
var myString = “Hello”;var lcString = myString.toLowerCase(); //结果: “hello”var ucString = myString.toUpperCase(); //结果: “HELLO”

 

  • 字符串比较
var aString = “Hello!”;var bString = new String(“Hello!”);if( aString == “Hello!” ){ } //结果: trueif( aString == bString ){ } //结果: trueif( aString === bString ){ } //结果: false (两个对象不同,尽管它们的值相同)

 

  • 检索字符串
var myString = “hello everybody.”;// 如果检索不到会返回-1,检索到的话返回在该串中的起始位置if( myString.indexOf(“every”) > -1 ){ } //结果: true

 

  • 查找替换字符串
var myString = “I is your father.”;var result = myString.replace(“is”,”am”); //结果: “I am your father.”

 

  • 特殊字符

    • \b : 后退符
    • \t : 水平制表符
    • \n : 换行符
    • \v : 垂直制表符
    • \f : 分页符
    • \r : 回车符
    • \” : 双引号
    • \’ : 单引号
    • \ 反斜杆
  • 将字符转换成Unicode编码
var myString = “hello”;var code = myString.charCodeAt(3); //返回”l”的Unicode编码(整型)var char = String.fromCharCode(66); //返回Unicode为66的字符

 

  • 将字符串转换成URL编码
var myString = “hello all”;var code = encodeURI(myString); //结果: “hello%20all”var str = decodeURI(code); //结果: “hello all”//相应的还有: encodeURIComponent() decodeURIComponent()

 

 

文/poetries(简书作者)
原文链接:http://www.jianshu.com/p/1f2314552e23