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[操作系统]如何在centos7上安装zabbix


How To Install Zabbix Server On CentOS 7

By SK


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About Zabbix

Zabbix is an enterprise-class open source distributed monitoring solution that can be used to monitor and track performance and availability of network servers, devices and other IT resources. It supports distributed and WEB monitoring, auto-discovery, and more.

Install Zabbix Server

I tested this how-to On CentOS 7 minimal server, although it should work on other RHEL/Scientific Linux 7.x versions.

 

 

For the testing purpose, I will use two machines.

Zabbix Server System:

  • Operating system: CentOS 7 64bit server
  • IP Address: 192.168.1.150/24
  • Hostname: server1.unixmen.local

Zabbix Client System:

  • Operating system: CentOS 7 64bit server
  • IP Address: 192.168.1.152/24
  • Hostname: server2.unixmen.local

First let us start from server side.

 

Prerequisites

Before installing Zabbix, we should have install and configure LAMP stack.

To install and configure LAMP server On CentOS 7, refer the following link.

  • Install LAMP Server (Apache, MariaDB, PHP) On CentOS/RHEL/Scientific Linux 7           or         http://www.cnblogs.com/chaochao520/p/5893453.html

Server Side Configuration

Zabbix is not available in the default repositories of CentOS. So, we will add EPEL and Zabbix official repository in order to install Zabbix server.

To install EPEL repository, run the following command:

yum install epel-release

Configure the ZabbixZone package repository and GPG key using command:

rpm --import http://repo.zabbix.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX
rpm -Uv http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/2.4/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-2.4-1.el7.noarch.rpm

Now, Install Zabbix server and agent using command:

yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-agent zabbix-java-gateway

Edit file /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix:

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

Update your timezone:

php_value date.timezone Asia/Kolkata

Restart the httpd

systemctl restart httpd

Create MySQL database and user for Zabbix

Login to MariaDB prompt with command:

mysql -u root -p

Create a database called ‘zabbixdb’ and database user called ‘zabbixuser’.

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.Your MariaDB connection id is 10Server version: 5.5.41-MariaDB MariaDB ServerCopyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.MariaDB [(none)]> create database zabbixdb character set utf8;Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on zabbixdb.* to 'zabbixuser'@'localhost' identified by 'password';Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.21 sec)MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)MariaDB [(none)]> exitBye

Import zabbix templates to Zabbix database

Let us import the following templates. It will ask you the zabbixuser’s password during importing templates.

mysql -u zabbixuser -p zabbixdb < /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-2.4.5/create/schema.sql
mysql -u zabbixuser -p zabbixdb < /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-2.4.5/create/images.sql
mysql -u zabbixuser -p zabbixdb < /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql-2.4.5/create/data.sql

Configure Zabbix server

Edit file /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf,

vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

Set the database name, user and password which you’ve created earlier. If the lines are commented out, uncomment and set the correct values.

[...]DBName=zabbixdb[...]DBUser=zabbixuser[...]DBPassword=password[...]

Save and close the file.

Now, we have to set Zabbix server to monitor itself.

To do that, edit file /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf,

vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

Do the following changes.

[...]## Line 85 - Specify Zabbix server ##Server=127.0.0.1[...]## Line 126 - Specify Zabbix server ##ServerActive=127.0.0.1[...]## Line 137 - Specify Zabbix server Hostname or IP address ##Hostname=server1.unixmen.local[...]

Save and close the file.

Adjust PHP settings

We should adjust phip.ini file as per zabbix recommended settings.

Edit file php.ini,

vi /etc/php.ini

Set the values as shown below. If the lines doesn’t exist, add them.

max_execution_time = 600max_input_time = 600memory_limit = 256Mpost_max_size = 32Mupload_max_filesize = 16Mdate.timezone = Asia/Kolkata

Save and close the file.

Adjust Firewall and SELinux settings               #此处需要在防火墙开启的状态中操作,systemctl start firewalld.service 如果防火墙无法开启,并提示没有命令,so,yum install -y firewalld   然后再开启防火墙,并使用开启端口命令。

Adjust iptables to allow the zabbix ports 10050 and 10051.                    

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10050/tcp,
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=10051/tcp

Restart iptables service to take effect the changes.

systemctl restart firewalld

If you use SELinux, run the following command to allow Apache to communicate with Zabbix.

setsebool -P httpd_can_connect_zabbix=1

Allow Zabbix web console for particular IP range (Optional)

Edit file /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf,

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

Add the ip range that you want to allow to access zabbix web interface. This is optional. If you set ‘Allow from All’, you can access zabbix’s web console from any network.

In my case, I allowed the 192.168.1.0/24 series.

Alias /zabbix /usr/share/zabbix<Directory "/usr/share/zabbix"> Options FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Allow from 192.168.1.0/24</Directory>

Save and close the file. Start/Restart zabbix and httpd services and make them to start automatically on every reboot.

systemctl start zabbix-server
systemctl start zabbix-agent
systemctl restart httpd
systemctl restart mariadb
systemctl enable zabbix-server
systemctl enable zabbix-agent

Configure Zabbix via Web console

We have completed the installation and configuration part. Now let us configure the zabbix web console.

Navigate tohttp://ip-address/zabbix or http://domain-name/zabbix.

Click Next.

Installation - Google Chrome_001

The installer will check for necessary prerequisites. If everything seems OK, click Next to continue, else go back and install the necessary packages.

Installation - Google Chrome_002

Enter the zabbix database name, database user and password and click Test connection. If you entered the correct values, it will show a message that says: OK.

Click Next to continue.

Installation - Google Chrome_004

Enter your server name and Click Next:

Installation - Google Chrome_005

Check the pre-installation summary, if everything good, click Next to continue or click Previous to change the parameters.

Installation - Google Chrome_006

Congratulations! You’ve have successfully completed the installation. Click Finish to complete the installation.

Installation - Google Chrome_007

Now you’ll be redirected to the zabbix web console page. Enter the username and password.

The default username/password is admin/zabbix.

Zabbix - Google Chrome_008

This is how the admin dashboard looks:

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Dashboard - Google Chrome_001

Activate Zabbix server

Initially, the zabbix server is deactivated from being monitored.

To activate it, go to Configuration -> Hosts. Select the host (zabbix server) and chooseActivate selected from the drop-down box and click Go.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_010

Now, you should see your Zabbix server is being monitored.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_011

Check Zabbix server Statistics

After a few seconds, click on the Monitoring tab on the top menu bar and select “Latest data”.

You’ll see the zabbix server’s details:

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Latest data [refreshed every 30 sec.] - Google Chrome_002

To view the screens, go to Monitoring -> Screens from the Zabbix’s dashboard.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Custom screens [refreshed every 30 sec.] - Google Chrome_003

That’s it. We’re done in the server side. Let us go to client side configuration.

Client Side Configuration

Let us install zabbix agent on our client systems.

To install zabbix agent packages on Fedora/RHEL clients, enter the following commands in Terminal:

rpm --import http://repo.zabbix.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-ZABBIX
rpm -Uv http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/2.4/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-2.4-1.el7.noarch.rpm
yum install zabbix-agent -y

On Ubuntu/Debian clients, run:

sudo apt-get install zabbix-agent

Configure Clients

Next edit file /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf,

sudo vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

Add the server ip address and client hostname.

[...]## Specify Zabbix's server IP address ##Server=192.168.1.150[...]##Specify Zabbix's server IP address ##ServerActive=192.168.1.150## Specify client system hostname ##Hostname=server2.unixmen.local[...]

Where,

  • 192.168.1.150 – My Zabbix server IP address
  • server2 – My Zabbix client’s hostname

Now restart zabbix-agent service with command:

In Ubuntu/Debian:

sudo service zabbix-agent start

In CentOS 7:

systemctl start zabbix-agent
systemctl enable zabbix-agent

Add Monitoring hosts


Go to your zabbix server dashboard.

To add a monitoring target, navigate to Configuration -> Hosts. Click on Create Host on the right side.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_004

Enter Hostname, select Groups and IP address in the Host section as shown below.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_006

Next, In the Templates section select your Template.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_008

In my case, I selected Linux Template and SSH template. After selecting your Template choice click Select button in the bottom.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Templates - Google Chrome_010

In the next window, click Add and click Update buttons.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_011

Now, you will see that the new host has been added to the Monitoring list.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Configuration of hosts - Google Chrome_001

That’s it.

If there is any problem in the Client system, you can view them in the main Dashboard of your Zabbix’s server.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Dashboard - Google Chrome_013

Go to Monitoring -> Latest data to check the details of client.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Latest data [refreshed every 30 sec.] - Google Chrome_002

You can view the list of all warnings and information in Monitoring -> Triggers location.

Unixmen Monitoring Server: Status of triggers [refreshed every 30 sec.] - Google Chrome_003

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we have covered only installation part and basic configuration of Zabbix. To learn more about Zabbix, explore all the options in the Zabbix’s dashboard one by one and set up a best monitoring solution that suits your requirement.

For more details about configuration and usage, refer Zabbix Official manual.

Good luck.

 

If you want to deploy Zabbix in CentOS 6.x systems, refer the following link.

  • Install Zabbix Monitoring Tool On CentOS, RHEL, Scientific Linux 6.5

Reference Links:

  • Zabbix Home page

 

菜鸟实际测试可用,成功搭建的zabbix服务器。原文:https://www.unixmen.com/how-to-install-zabbix-server-on-centos-7/      作者很强大!!!!赞!