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[操作系统]Creating Icon Overlay Handlers / 创建图标标记 Handlers (续) / Win32, VC++, Windows, DLL, ATL, COM


创建图标标记 Handlers (续)

 

1、新建一个ATL Project。

2、建议将 Project Property 中 Linker – General - “Register Output” 设为 no,C/C++ - “Code Generation” - “Runtime Library” 设为 /MTd。

3、在 Solution Explorer 中右键 Add Class,选择 ATL Simple Object。并在弹出的对话框中为该 Class 命名。

4、添加完成后建议 Build 一下 Project,MIDL compiler 将根据 .idl 文件生成 IIDs and CLSIDs。

5、切换到新增 Class 的 .h 文件中,使其继承接口 IShellIconOverlayIdentifier。

 1 // MyOverlay.h : Declaration of the CMyOverlay 2  3 #pragma once 4 #include "resource.h"    // main symbols 5  6  7  8 #include "Example_i.h" 9 #include <ShlObj.h>10 11 12 13 #if defined(_WIN32_WCE) && !defined(_CE_DCOM) && !defined(_CE_ALLOW_SINGLE_THREADED_OBJECTS_IN_MTA)14 #error "Single-threaded COM objects are not properly supported on Windows CE platform, such as the Windows Mobile platforms that do not include full DCOM support. Define _CE_ALLOW_SINGLE_THREADED_OBJECTS_IN_MTA to force ATL to support creating single-thread COM object's and allow use of it's single-threaded COM object implementations. The threading model in your rgs file was set to 'Free' as that is the only threading model supported in non DCOM Windows CE platforms."15 #endif16 17 using namespace ATL;18 19 20 // CMyOverlay21 22 class ATL_NO_VTABLE CMyOverlay :23   public CComObjectRootEx<CComSingleThreadModel>,24   public CComCoClass<CMyOverlay, &CLSID_MyOverlay>,25   public IDispatchImpl<IMyOverlay, &IID_IMyOverlay, &LIBID_ExampleLib, 26   /*wMajor =*/ 1, /*wMinor =*/ 0>,27   public IShellIconOverlayIdentifier28 {29 public:30   CMyOverlay()31   {32   }33 34 DECLARE_REGISTRY_RESOURCEID(IDR_MYOVERLAY)35 36 37 BEGIN_COM_MAP(CMyOverlay)38   COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY(IMyOverlay)39   COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY(IDispatch)40   COM_INTERFACE_ENTRY(IShellIconOverlayIdentifier)41 END_COM_MAP()42 43 44 45   DECLARE_PROTECT_FINAL_CONSTRUCT()46 47 48   HRESULT FinalConstruct()49   {50     return S_OK;51   }52 53   void FinalRelease()54   {55   }56 57 public:58   STDMETHOD(IsMemberOf)(THIS_ _In_ PCWSTR pwszPath, DWORD dwAttrib);59   STDMETHOD(GetOverlayInfo)(THIS_ _Out_writes_(cchMax) PWSTR pwszIconFile,60     int cchMax, _Out_ int * pIndex, _Out_ DWORD * pdwFlags);61   STDMETHOD(GetPriority)(THIS_ _Out_ int * pIPriority);62 63 };64 65 OBJECT_ENTRY_AUTO(__uuidof(MyOverlay), CMyOverlay)

MyOverlay.h

6、根据 MSDN 实现该 Class。

 1 // MyOverlay.cpp : Implementation of CMyOverlay 2  3 #include "stdafx.h" 4 #include "MyOverlay.h" 5 #include <WinBase.h> 6 #pragma comment(lib, "Kernel32.lib") 7  8 // CMyOverlay 9 10 STDMETHODIMP CMyOverlay::IsMemberOf(THIS_ _In_ PCWSTR pwszPath, DWORD dwAttrib)11 {12   if (_tcscmp(pwszPath, L"test") == 0)13   {14     return S_OK;15   }16   else17   {18     return S_FALSE;19   }20 }21 22 STDMETHODIMP CMyOverlay::GetOverlayInfo(23   THIS_ _Out_writes_(cchMax) PWSTR pwszIconFile, 24   int cchMax, 25   _Out_ int * pIndex,26   _Out_ DWORD * pdwFlags)27 {28   29   GetModuleFileNameW(_AtlBaseModule.GetModuleInstance(), pwszIconFile, cchMax);30 31   *pIndex = 0;32 33   *pdwFlags = ISIOI_ICONFILE | ISIOI_ICONINDEX;34 35   return S_OK;36 }37 38 STDMETHODIMP CMyOverlay::GetPriority(THIS_ _Out_ int * pIPriority)39 {40   *pIPriority = 0;41 42   return S_OK;43 }

MyOverlay.cpp

7、在 .rgs 文件中添加注册表信息,确保各 GUID 与 .idl 文件中的一致。

 1 HKCR 2 { 3   NoRemove CLSID 4   { 5     ForceRemove {29913677-1662-46C5-8645-16F84DA6F438} = s 'MyOverlay Class' 6     { 7       ForceRemove Programmable 8       InprocServer32 = s '%MODULE%' 9       {10         val ThreadingModel = s 'Apartment'11       }12       TypeLib = s '{942F4DBB-4667-4767-A35B-52F32F623C63}'13       Version = s '1.0'14     }15   }16 }17 18 HKLM19 {20   NoRemove SOFTWARE21   {22     NoRemove Microsoft23     {24       NoRemove Windows25       {26         NoRemove CurrentVersion27         {28           NoRemove Explorer29           {30             NoRemove ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers31             {32               ForceRemove ' MyOverlay' = s '{29913677-1662-46C5-8645-16F84DA6F438}'33               {34               }35             }36           }37         }38       }39     }40   }41 }

8、Build Project 后通过 cmd.exe 注册或解注册生成的 .dll 文件。重启 explorer.exe 后生效。

9、由于 slots 数量有限,检查在注册表中添加的子项是否在有效范围内(目前为前15个)。可采用在子项名称前添加空格的方式将其位置提前。

10、查看效果如下图所示。

 

参考网址:http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/7484/How-to-overlay-an-icon-over-existing-shell-objects

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