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[操作系统]Nginx状态码499


1、问题描述

140.207.202.187 - - [18/May/2016:10:30:58 +0800] "POST/v3/violations HTTP/1.1" 499 0 "-" "-"42.236.10.71 - - [18/May/2016:10:30:59 +0800] "POST /v3/violationsHTTP/1.1" 499 0 "-" "-"

2、问题分析

google

499 / ClientClosed Request

    An Nginx HTTP server extension. This codeis introduced to log the case when the connection is closed by client whileHTTP server is processing its request, making server unable to send the HTTP header back

维基百科

499Client Closed Request (Nginx)

Used in Nginx logs to indicate when the connection has been closed by client while the server is still processing itsrequest, making server unable to send a status code back

nginx源码

./src/http/ngx_http_core_module.c:    if (status == NGX_ERROR || status == 499) {./src/http/ngx_http_request.h:#define NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST   499./src/http/ngx_http_special_response.c:  ngx_null_string,           /* 499, client has closed connection */

这是nginx定义的一个状态码,用于表示这样的错误:服务器返回http头之前,客户端就提前关闭了http连接,这很有可能是因为服务器端处理的时间过长,客户端“不耐烦”了。

进一步查找

查找“NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST”

./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                      NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                      NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_upstream.c:                      NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_request.c:    || rc == NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST./src/http/ngx_http_spdy.c:                       NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy.c:    ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy.c:    ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy.c:  ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/modules/tfs/ngx_http_tfs_server_handler.c:           return NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST;./src/http/modules/tfs/ngx_http_tfs.c:  if (rc == NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST./src/http/modules/tfs/ngx_http_tfs.c:                     NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_socket_tcp.c:            if (rc == NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST) {./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_control.c:    && rc != NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST)./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_control.c:    && rc != NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_subrequest.c:      && rc != NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST))./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_util.c:    return NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST;./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_util.c:    return NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST;./src/http/modules/lua/ngx_http_lua_util.c:  return NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST;./src/http/ngx_http_spdy_v3.c:                       NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy_v3.c:    ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy_v3.c:    ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_spdy_v3.c:  ngx_http_spdy_finalize_connection(sc, NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);./src/http/ngx_http_request.h:#define NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST   499

第一处显示

#if (NGX_HAVE_KQUEUE)  if (ngx_event_flags & NGX_USE_KQUEUE_EVENT) {    if (!ev->pending_eof) {      return;    }      ev->eof = 1;     c->error = 1;     if (ev->kq_errno) {      ev->error = 1;     }      if (!u->cacheable && u->peer.connection) {      ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_INFO, ev->log, ev->kq_errno,             "kevent() reported that client prematurely closed "             "connection, so upstream connection is closed too");      ngx_http_upstream_finalize_request(r, u,                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);      return;    }      ngx_log_error(NGX_LOG_INFO, ev->log, ev->kq_errno,           "kevent() reported that client prematurely closed "           "connection");    if (u->peer.connection == NULL) {      ngx_http_upstream_finalize_request(r, u,                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);    }      return;  }  

KQUEUE 这个是在unix下使用的网络模型,这里可以略过

第二处显示

static voidngx_http_upstream_check_broken_connection(ngx_http_request_t *r,  ngx_event_t *ev){  int         n;  char         buf[1];  ngx_err_t      err;  ngx_int_t      event;  ngx_connection_t   *c;  ngx_http_upstream_t *u;  ngx_log_debug2(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, ev->log, 0,          "http upstream check client, write event:%d, \"%V\"",          ev->write, &r->uri);  c = r->connection;  u = r->upstream;  if (c->error) {    if ((ngx_event_flags & NGX_USE_LEVEL_EVENT) && ev->active) {      event = ev->write ? NGX_WRITE_EVENT : NGX_READ_EVENT;      if (ngx_del_event(ev, event, 0) != NGX_OK) {        ngx_http_upstream_finalize_request(r, u,                        NGX_HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR);        return;      }    }    if (!u->cacheable) {      ngx_http_upstream_finalize_request(r, u,                        NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST);    }    return;  }

第三处显示

voidngx_http_finalize_request(ngx_http_request_t *r, ngx_int_t rc){  ngx_connection_t     *c;  ngx_http_request_t    *pr;  ngx_http_core_loc_conf_t *clcf;  c = r->connection;  ngx_log_debug5(NGX_LOG_DEBUG_HTTP, c->log, 0,          "http finalize request: %d, \"%V?%V\" a:%d, c:%d",          rc, &r->uri, &r->args, r == c->data, r->main->count);  if (rc == NGX_DONE) {    ngx_http_finalize_connection(r);    return;  }  if (rc == NGX_OK && r->filter_finalize) {    c->error = 1;  }  if (rc == NGX_DECLINED) {    r->content_handler = NULL;    r->write_event_handler = ngx_http_core_run_phases;    ngx_http_core_run_phases(r);    return;  }  if (r != r->main && r->post_subrequest) {    rc = r->post_subrequest->handler(r, r->post_subrequest->data, rc);  }  if (rc == NGX_ERROR    || rc == NGX_HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT    || rc == NGX_HTTP_CLIENT_CLOSED_REQUEST    || c->error)  {    if (ngx_http_post_action(r) == NGX_OK) {      return;    }    if (r->main->blocked) {      r->write_event_handler = ngx_http_request_finalizer;    }    ngx_http_terminate_request(r, rc);    return;  }

在收到读写事件处理之前时连接不可用

1、在一个upstream出错,执行next_upstream时也会判断连接是否可用,不可用则返回499

2、server处理请求未结束,而client提前关闭了连接

 

3、故障排除

nginx配置中加上

proxy_ignore_client_abort  on;  #表示代理服务端不要主要主动关闭客户端连接。 

默认 proxy_ignore_client_abort 是关闭的,

关闭时:如果客户端端主动关闭请求或者客户端网络断掉, Nginx 会记录 499,同时 request_time 是「后端已经处理」的时间,而upstream_response_time 为“-“ (已验证)。

开启时:如果客户端端主动关闭请求或者客户端网络断掉,Nginx 会等待后端处理完(或者超时),然后记录「后端的返回信息」到日志。所以,如果后端返回 200,就记录 200 ;如果后端放回 5XX ,那么就记录 5XX 。

如果超时(默认60s,可以用 proxy_read_timeout 设置),Nginx 会主动断开连接,记录 504

注:只在做反向代理的时候加入,作为其他服务器的时候,关闭为好,默认设置是关闭的!

  

参考文章

http://blog.hexu.org/archives/1085.shtml

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/12973304/nginx-499-error-codes

https://httpstatuses.com/499

http://wmcxy.iteye.com/blog/2026835

http://ju.outofmemory.cn/entry/228858

http://www.90arther.net/jekyll/update/2015/11/19/repeat-request.html