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[ASP.net教程]Asp.net 高性能 Sqlite ORM 框架之 sqliteSugar


一、介简

 easyliter框架的升级版本,并且正式命名为SqliteSugar框架,另外Sugar系列还有 MySql和MsSql版本,Oracle版本待开发中(因为客户端太大一直在忧郁当中)

 

用Sqlite 也不址什么高性能了,好用为主。

 

经过一天的努力,Sqlite 版本所有的例子都已经测试通过:

 Sqlite .net4.0+

https://github.com/sunkaixuan/SqliteSugar

 

MySql .NET 4.0+

https://github.com/sunkaixuan/MySqlSugar 

 

MSQL .NET 4.0+下载地址:

https://github.com/sunkaixuan/SqlSugar

 

MSSQL .NET Core版本

https://github.com/sunkaixuan/ASP_NET_CORE_ORM_SqlSugar

 

优点:

1、优越的性能,查询使用  reflection.emit 创建IL语言+委托绑定 然后对该对象进行 cache ,datareader直接赋值给cache对象,高性能拉姆达解析,查询速度达到原生最高性能的写法水准

2、大量语法糖,拉姆达表达示筛选,新颖的多表查询 ,方便的分页等

3、支持事务

4、内置实体类生成函数,无需使用第三方代码生成器

5、简单好用、例子齐全有问必答。

 组成:

sqlSugar是由sqlSugarClient提供统一调用模式 ,sqlSugarClient是由5个部分组成

1、自身函数 

2、实体生成

3、单表查询

4、多表查询

5、基类函数

 

SqliteSugar教程

和MSSQL版本基本一样但是个别例子也会有些细节上的区别

一、查询

1、拉姆达查询(以后会支持多表JOIN)

语法简洁和EF相似,同时兼容 Where("Id>@id",new{id=1}) 这种字符串的写法

  //针对单表或者视图查询        var dt= db.GetDataTable("select * from Student");        //查询所有        var student = db.Queryable<Student>().ToList();        var studentDynamic = db.Queryable<Student>().ToDynamic();        var studentJson = db.Queryable<Student>().ToJson();        //查询单条        var single = db.Queryable<Student>().Single(c => c.id == 1);        //查询单条没有记录返回空对象        var single2 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id == 1).SingleOrDefault();        //查询第一条        var first = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id == 1).First();        var first2 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id == 1).FirstOrDefault();        //取10-20条        var page1 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 2).OrderBy(it=>it.id).Skip(2).Take(3).ToList();        //上一句的简化写法,同样取10-20条        var page2 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 1).OrderBy(it => it.id).ToPageList(2, 3);        //查询条数        var count = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 10).Count();        //从第2条开始以后取所有        var skip = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 10).OrderBy(it => it.id).Skip(2).ToList();        //取前2条        var take = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 10).OrderBy(it => it.id).Take(2).ToList();        // Not like         string conval = "三";        var notLike = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => !c.name.Contains(conval.ToString())).ToList();        //Like        conval = "三";        var like = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.name.Contains(conval)).ToList();        // 可以在拉姆达使用 ToString和 Convert,比EF出色的地方        var convert1 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.name == "a".ToString()).ToList();        var convert2 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id == Convert.ToInt32("1")).ToList();//         var convert3 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => DateTime.Now > Convert.ToDateTime("2015-1-1")).ToList();        var convert4 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => DateTime.Now > DateTime.Now).ToList();        //支持字符串Where 让你解决,更复杂的查询        var student12 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => "a" == "a").Where("id>100").ToList();        var student13 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => "a" == "a").Where("id>100 and id in( select 1)").ToList();        //存在记录反回true,则否返回false        bool isAny100 = db.Queryable<Student>().Any(c => c.id == 100);        bool isAny1 = db.Queryable<Student>().Any(c => c.id == 1);        int maxId = db.Queryable<Student>().Max<Student, int>("id");        int minId = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id > 0).Min<Student, int>("id");        //order By         var orderList = db.Queryable<Student>().OrderBy("id desc,name asc").ToList();//字符串支持多个排序        //可以多个order by表达示        var order2List = db.Queryable<Student>().OrderBy(it => it.name).OrderBy(it => it.id, OrderByType.desc).ToList(); // order by name as ,order by id desc        //In        var intArray = new[] { "5", "2", "3" };        var intList = intArray.ToList();        var list0 = db.Queryable<Student>().In(it => it.id, 1, 2, 3).ToList();        var list1 = db.Queryable<Student>().In(it => it.id, intArray).ToList();        var list2 = db.Queryable<Student>().In("id", intArray).ToList();        var list3 = db.Queryable<Student>().In(it => it.id, intList).ToList();        var list4 = db.Queryable<Student>().In("id", intList).ToList();        //分组查询        var list7 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 20).GroupBy(it => it.sex).Select("sex,count(*) as Count").ToDynamic();        var list8 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 20).GroupBy(it => it.sex).GroupBy(it => it.id).Select("id,sex, count(*) as Count").ToDynamic();        List<SexTotal> list9 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 20).GroupBy(it => it.sex).Select<Student, SexTotal>("Sex, count(*) as Count").ToList();        List<SexTotal> list10 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 20).GroupBy("sex").Select<Student, SexTotal>("Sex, count(*) as Count").ToList();        //SELECT Sex,Count=count(*) FROM Student WHERE 1=1 AND (id < 20)  GROUP BY Sex --生成结果

 

2、sqlable 接近SQL的一个路线。

放弃了传统的EF写法,让他更接近SQL,可以取代传统的SQL拼接,让格式更好控。

 using (var db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //---------Sqlable,创建多表查询---------//        //多表查询        List<School> dataList = db.Sqlable()          .From("school", "s")          .Join("student", "st", "st.id", "s.id", JoinType.INNER)          .Join("student", "st2", "st2.id", "st.id", JoinType.LEFT)          .Where("s.id>100 and s.id<@id")          .Where("1=1")//可以多个WHERE          .OrderBy("id")          .SelectToList<School/*新的Model我这里没有所以写的School*/>("st.*", new { id = 1 });        //多表分页        List<School> dataPageList = db.Sqlable()          .From("school", "s")          .Join("student", "st", "st.id", "s.id", JoinType.INNER)          .Join("student", "st2", "st2.id", "st.id", JoinType.LEFT)          .Where("s.id>100 and s.id<100")          .SelectToPageList<School>("st.*", "s.id", 1, 10);        //多表分页WHERE加子查询        List<School> dataPageList2 = db.Sqlable()          .From("school", "s")          .Join("student", "st", "st.id", "s.id", JoinType.INNER)          .Join("student", "st2", "st2.id", "st.id", JoinType.LEFT)          .Where("s.id>100 and s.id<100 and s.id in (select 1 )" /*这里面写子查询都可以*/)          .SelectToPageList<School>("st.*", "s.id", 1, 10);        //--------转成List Dynmaic 或者 Json-----//        //不分页        var list1 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToDynamic("*", new { id = 1 });        var list2 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToJson("*", new { id = 1 });        var list3 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToDataTable("*", new { id = 1 });        //分页        var list4 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToPageDynamic("s.*", "l.id", 1, 10, new { id = 1 });        var list5 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToPageTable("s.*", "l.id", 1, 10, new { id = 1 });        var list6 = db.Sqlable().From("student", "s").Join("school", "l", "s.sch_id", "l.id and l.id=@id", JoinType.INNER).SelectToPageDynamic("s.*", "l.id", 1, 10, new { id = 1 });        //--------拼接-----//        Sqlable sable = db.Sqlable().From<Student>("s").Join<School>("l", "s.sch_id", "l.id", JoinType.INNER);        string name = "a";        int id = 1;        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(name))        {          sable = sable.Where("s.name=@name");        }        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(name))        {          sable = sable.Where("s.id=@id or s.id=100");        }             var pars = new { id = id, name = name };        int pageCount = sable.Count(pars);        var list7 = sable.SelectToPageList<Student>("s.*","l.id desc",1,20, pars);      }

 

3、对原生SQL查询

 using (var db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //转成list        List<Student> list1 = db.SqlQuery<Student>("select * from Student");        //转成list带参        List<Student> list2 = db.SqlQuery<Student>("select * from Student where id=@id", new { id = 1 });        //转成dynamic        dynamic list3 = db.SqlQueryDynamic("select * from student");        //转成json        string list4 = db.SqlQueryJson("select * from student");        //返回int        var list5 = db.SqlQuery<int>("select id from Student limit 0,1").First();        //反回键值        Dictionary<string, string> list6 = db.SqlQuery<KeyValuePair<string, string>>("select id,name from Student").ToDictionary(it => it.Key, it => it.Value);        //反回List<string[]>        var list7 = db.SqlQuery<string[]>("select name from Student").First();        //存储过程        //var spResult = db.SqlQuery<School>("exec sp_school @p1,@p2", new { p1=1,p2=2 });      }

 4、容器的转换

  using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        var list2= db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 10).Select(c => new classNew { newid = c.id, newname = c.name, xx_name = c.name }).ToList();//不支持匿名类转换,也不建议使用        var list3 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(c => c.id < 10).Select(c => new  { newid = c.id, newname = c.name, xx_name = c.name }).ToDynamic();//匿名类转换      }

View Code

 

二、更新

可以指定列更新,也可对实体整个更新,也可以排除不更新字段非常的方便好用

 int id = 1;      using (var db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //指定列更新        db.Update<School>(new { name = "蓝翔2" }, it => it.id == id);        db.Update<School, int>(new { name = "蓝翔2" }, 1, 3, 12);        db.Update<School, string>(new { name = "蓝翔2" }, new string[] { "1", "2" });        //整个实体更新        db.Update(new School { id = id, name = "蓝翔2" });        db.Update<School>(new School { id = id, name = "蓝翔2" }, it => it.id == id);        //设置不更新列        db.DisableUpdateColumns = new string[] { "CreateTime" };//设置CreateTime不更新        TestUpdateColumns updObj = new TestUpdateColumns()        {          VGUID = Guid.Parse("6DF396EB-D1C8-48A5-8BE1-D58D685646A7"),          Name = "xx",          Name2 = "xx2",          IdentityField = 0,          CreateTime = null        };        //CreateTime将不会被更新        db.Update(updObj);        //以前实现这种更新需要用指定列的方式实现,现在就简单多了。              }

更新

 

三、删除

 using (var db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //真删除        db.Delete<Student, int>(10);//注意主键必需为实体类的第一个属性        db.Delete<School>(it => it.id > 100);        db.Delete<School, string>(new string[] { "100", "101", "102" });        //假删除        //db.FalseDelete<school>("is_del", 100);        //等同于 update school set is_del=0 where id in(100)        //db.FalseDelete<school>("is_del", it=>it.id==100);      }

删除

 

四、插入

Student s = new Student()        {          name = "张" + new Random().Next(1, int.MaxValue)        };        db.Insert(s); //插入一条记录 (有主键也好,没主键也好,有自增列也好都可以插进去)        List<Student> list = new List<Student>()        {           new Student()        {           name="张"+new Random().Next(1,int.MaxValue)        },         new Student()        {           name="张"+new Random().Next(1,int.MaxValue)        }        };        db.InsertRange(list); //批量插入

插入

 

五、枚举支持

 using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        var stuList= db.Queryable<Student>().ToList();        db.Insert<Student>(new Student() { sch_id = SchoolEnum.蓝翔2 });        db.Update<Student>(new Student() { sch_id=SchoolEnum.蓝翔2 , id=1} );        var stuList2 = db.Queryable<Student>().Where(it=>it.sch_id==SchoolEnum.蓝翔1).ToList();      }

枚举

 

六、实体生成

 using (var db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //根据当前数据库生成所有表的实体类文件 (参数:SqlSugarClient ,文件目录,命名空间)        db.ClassGenerating.CreateClassFiles(db,"e:\\mysqlModel","Models");        //根据表名生成实体类文件        //db.ClassGenerating.CreateClassFilesByTableNames(db, Server.MapPath("~/Models"), "Models" , "student","school");        //根据表名生成class字符串        var str = db.ClassGenerating.TableNameToClass(db, "Student");        //根据SQL语句生成class字符串        var str2 = db.ClassGenerating.SqlToClass(db, "select  * from Student", "student");      }

实体生成

除了上面代码还有T4生成看DEMO不懂可以随时问我

 

七、全局过滤器

using System;using System.Collections.Generic;using System.Linq;using System.Web;using System.Web.UI;using System.Web.UI.WebControls;using MySqlSugar;using Models;namespace WebTest.Demo{  /// <summary>  /// 过滤器  /// </summary>  public partial class Filter : System.Web.UI.Page  {    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)    {      using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDaoFilter.GetInstance())//开启数据库连接      {        //设置走哪个过滤器        db.CurrentFilterKey = "role";        //queryable        var list = db.Queryable<Student>().ToList(); //通过全局过滤器对需要权限验证的数据进行过滤        //相当于db.Queryable<Student>().Where("id=@id",new{id=1})        //sqlable        var list2 = db.Sqlable().From<Student>("s").SelectToList<Student>("*");        //同上        //sqlQuery        var list3 = db.SqlQuery<Student>("select * from Student where 1=1");        //同上      }    }  }  /// <summary>  /// 扩展SqlSugarClient  /// </summary>  public class SugarDaoFilter  {    //禁止实例化    private SugarDaoFilter()    {    }    /// <summary>    /// 页面所需要的过滤函数    /// </summary>    private static Dictionary<string, Func<KeyValueObj>> _filterParas = new Dictionary<string, Func<KeyValueObj>>()    {     { "role",()=>{          return new KeyValueObj(){ Key=" id=@id" , Value=new{ id=1}};        }     },     { "org",()=>{           return new KeyValueObj(){ Key=" orgId=@orgId" , Value=new{ orgId=1}};       }     },    };    public static SqlSugarClient GetInstance()    {      string connection = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[@"sqlConn"].ToString(); //这里可以动态根据cookies或session实现多库切换      var reval = new SqlSugarClient(connection);      reval.SetFilterFilterParas(_filterParas);      return reval;    }  }}

过滤器

 

八、别名表

 using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDao.GetInstance())      {        //-----单个-------//        var list = db.Queryable<V_Student>("Student").ToList();//查询的是 select * from student 而我的实体名称为V_Student        //-----全局多个设置-------//        //设置 Mapping Table 如果没这方面需求可以传NULL        List<KeyValue> mappingTableList = new List<KeyValue>(){        new KeyValue(){ Key="FormAttr", Value="Flow_FormAttr"},        new KeyValue(){ Key="Student3", Value="Student"}        };        db.SetMappingTables(mappingTableList);      }

别名表

 

九、事务

using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDao.GetInstance())//开启数据库连接      {        db.IsNoLock = true;//启用无锁查询        db.CommandTimeOut = 30000;//设置超时时间        try        {          db.BeginTran();//开启事务          //db.BeginTran(IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted);+3重载可以设置事世隔离级别          db.CommitTran();//提交事务        }        catch (Exception)        {          db.RollbackTran();//回滚事务          throw;        }      }

 

十、保留了ADO功能

 using (SqlSugarClient db = SugarDao.GetInstance())//开启数据库连接      {        var r1= db.GetDataTable("select * from student");        var r2= db.GetSingle<Student>("select  * from student limit 0,1");        var r3 = db.GetScalar("select count(1) from student");        var r4 = db.GetReader("select count(1) from student");        r4.Dispose();        var r5 = db.GetString("select  name from student limit 0,1");        var r6 = db.ExecuteCommand("select 1");      }

View Code

 

 Sqlite版已经发布到Nuget,方便大家下载