你的位置:首页 > 操作系统

[操作系统]js获取及判断键盘按键的方法


这篇文章主要介绍了js获取及判断键盘按键的方法,涉及JavaScript键盘事件的获取及键值的判定技巧,具有一定参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

 

本文实例讲述了js获取及判断键盘按键的方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

js 里面的键盘事件经常用到,所以收集了键盘事件对应的键码来分享下:

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
keyCode 8 = BackSpace BackSpace
keyCode 9 = Tab Tab
keyCode 12 = Clear
keyCode 13 = Enter
keyCode 16 = Shift_L
keyCode 17 = Control_L
keyCode 18 = Alt_L
keyCode 19 = Pause
keyCode 20 = Caps_Lock
keyCode 27 = Escape Escape
keyCode 32 = space
keyCode 33 = Prior
keyCode 34 = Next
keyCode 35 = End
keyCode 36 = Home
keyCode 37 = Left
keyCode 38 = Up
keyCode 39 = Right
keyCode 40 = Down
keyCode 41 = Select
keyCode 42 = Print
keyCode 43 = Execute
keyCode 45 = Insert
keyCode 46 = Delete
keyCode 47 = Help
keyCode 48 = 0 equal braceright
keyCode 49 = 1 exclam onesuperior
keyCode 50 = 2 quotedbl twosuperior
keyCode 51 = 3 section threesuperior
keyCode 52 = 4 dollar
keyCode 53 = 5 percent
keyCode 54 = 6 ampersand
keyCode 55 = 7 slash braceleft
keyCode 56 = 8 parenleft bracketleft
keyCode 57 = 9 parenright bracketright
keyCode 65 = a A
keyCode 66 = b B
keyCode 67 = c C
keyCode 68 = d D
keyCode 69 = e E EuroSign
keyCode 70 = f F
keyCode 71 = g G
keyCode 72 = h H
keyCode 73 = i I
keyCode 74 = j J
keyCode 75 = k K
keyCode 76 = l L
keyCode 77 = m M mu
keyCode 78 = n N
keyCode 79 = o O
keyCode 80 = p P
keyCode 81 = q Q at
keyCode 82 = r R
keyCode 83 = s S
keyCode 84 = t T
keyCode 85 = u U
keyCode 86 = v V
keyCode 87 = w W
keyCode 88 = x X
keyCode 89 = y Y
keyCode 90 = z Z
keyCode 96 = KP_0 KP_0
keyCode 97 = KP_1 KP_1
keyCode 98 = KP_2 KP_2
keyCode 99 = KP_3 KP_3
keyCode 100 = KP_4 KP_4
keyCode 101 = KP_5 KP_5
keyCode 102 = KP_6 KP_6
keyCode 103 = KP_7 KP_7
keyCode 104 = KP_8 KP_8
keyCode 105 = KP_9 KP_9
keyCode 106 = KP_Multiply KP_Multiply
keyCode 107 = KP_Add KP_Add
keyCode 108 = KP_Separator KP_Separator
keyCode 109 = KP_Subtract KP_Subtract
keyCode 110 = KP_Decimal KP_Decimal
keyCode 111 = KP_Divide KP_Divide
keyCode 112 = F1
keyCode 113 = F2
keyCode 114 = F3
keyCode 115 = F4
keyCode 116 = F5
keyCode 117 = F6
keyCode 118 = F7
keyCode 119 = F8
keyCode 120 = F9
keyCode 121 = F10
keyCode 122 = F11
keyCode 123 = F12
keyCode 124 = F13
keyCode 125 = F14
keyCode 126 = F15
keyCode 127 = F16
keyCode 128 = F17
keyCode 129 = F18
keyCode 130 = F19
keyCode 131 = F20
keyCode 132 = F21
keyCode 133 = F22
keyCode 134 = F23
keyCode 135 = F24
keyCode 136 = Num_Lock
keyCode 137 = Scroll_Lock
keyCode 187 = acute grave
keyCode 188 = comma semicolon
keyCode 189 = minus underscore
keyCode 190 = period colon
keyCode 192 = numbersign apostrophe
keyCode 210 = plusminus hyphen macron
keyCode 211 =
keyCode 212 = copyright registered
keyCode 213 = guillemotleft guillemotright
keyCode 214 = masculine ordfeminine
keyCode 215 = ae AE
keyCode 216 = cent yen
keyCode 217 = questiondown exclamdown
keyCode 218 = onequarter onehalf threequarters
keyCode 220 = less greater bar
keyCode 221 = plus asterisk asciitilde
keyCode 227 = multiply division
keyCode 228 = acircumflex Acircumflex
keyCode 229 = ecircumflex Ecircumflex
keyCode 230 = icircumflex Icircumflex
keyCode 231 = ocircumflex Ocircumflex
keyCode 232 = ucircumflex Ucircumflex
keyCode 233 = ntilde Ntilde
keyCode 234 = yacute Yacute
keyCode 235 = oslash Ooblique
keyCode 236 = aring Aring
keyCode 237 = ccedilla Ccedilla
keyCode 238 = thorn THORN
keyCode 239 = eth ETH
keyCode 240 = diaeresis cedilla currency
keyCode 241 = agrave Agrave atilde Atilde
keyCode 242 = egrave Egrave
keyCode 243 = igrave Igrave
keyCode 244 = ograve Ograve otilde Otilde
keyCode 245 = ugrave Ugrave
keyCode 246 = adiaeresis Adiaeresis
keyCode 247 = ediaeresis Ediaeresis
keyCode 248 = idiaeresis Idiaeresis
keyCode 249 = odiaeresis Odiaeresis
keyCode 250 = udiaeresis Udiaeresis
keyCode 251 = ssharp question backslash
keyCode 252 = asciicircum degree
keyCode 253 = 3 sterling
keyCode 254 = Mode_switch



使用event对象的keyCode属性判断输入的键值

eg:

复制代码 代码如下:
if(event.keyCode==13)alert("enter!");

 

键值对应表

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
A  0X65  U   0X85
B  0X66  V   0X86
C  0X67  W   0X87
D  0X68  X   0X88
E  0X69  Y   0X89
F  0X70  Z   0X90
G  0X71  0   0X48
H  0X72  1   0X49
I  0X73  2   0X50
J  0X74  3   0X51
K  0X75  4   0X52
L  0X76  5   0X53
M  0X77  6   0X54
N  0X78  7   0X55
O  0X79  8   0X56
P  0X80  9   0X57
Q  0X81 ESC  0X1B
R  0X82 CTRL  0X11
S  0X83 SHIFT 0X10
T  0X84 ENTER 0XD



如果要使用组合键,则可以判断是否同时按下了这几个键,比如ctrl键、shift键以及alt键的组合使用就可以判断是否多按下了ctrl键、shift键以及alt键

js获取键盘事件:

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
<script type="text/javascript" language=JavaScript charset="UTF-8">
document.onkeydown=function(event){
var e = event || window.event || arguments.callee.caller.arguments[0];
if(e && e.keyCode==27){ // 按 Esc
//要做的事情
}
if(e && e.keyCode==113){ // 按 F2
//要做的事情
}
if(e && e.keyCode==13){ // enter 键
//要做的事情
}
};
</script>



只要你定义了这些键的动作,你在浏览器里按下这些键就会响应,兼容目前所有浏览器。

JS判断键盘按键

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
window.document.onkeydown = disableRefresh;
function disableRefresh(evt){
evt = (evt) ? evt : window.event
if (evt.keyCode) {
if(evt.keyCode == 116){
//do something
}
}
}



键码同上例所示。

使用event对象的keyCode属性判断输入的键值

eg:

?
1
2
3
4
5
if(event.keyCode==13){
var ieKey=event.keyCode;//获得键值,数字形式的
var realkey=String.fromCharCode(ieKey) //将数字形式的键值转化为真实的按键
alert(realkey);
}



键值对应表同上例所示

希望本文所述对大家JavaScript程序设计有所帮助。