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[操作系统]linux 中的 tar 解压


  1. Type at the command prompt
    tar xvzf file-1.0.tar.gz - tgfo uncompress a gzip tar file (.tgz or .tar.gz)
    tar xvjf file-1.0.tar.bz2 - to uncompress a bzip2 tar file (.tbz or .tar.bz2) to extract the contents.
    tar xvf file-1.0.tar - to uncompressed tar file (.tar)
    tar xvC /var/tmp -f file-1.0.tar - to uncompress tar file (.tar) to another directory
    • x = eXtract, this indicated an extraction c = create to create )  提取
    • v = verbose (optional) the files with relative locations will be displayed. 
    • z = gzip-ped; j = bzip2-zipped   z 对应 gzip类型压缩包  j对应bzip2类型压缩包
    • f = from/to file ... (what is next after the f is the archive file)  f 代表 from哪个压缩包
    • C = directory. In c and r mode, this changes the directory before adding the following files. In x mode, changes directoriy after opening the archive but before extracting entries from the archive. C  代表
  2. The files will be extracted in the current folder (most of the times in a folder with the name 'file-1.0').文件将被解压到与压缩包同一目录中。(很多时候被解压到 file-1.0文件夹中)