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[操作系统]NSdata 与 NSString,Byte数组,UIImage 的相互转换


1. NSData 与 NSString

NSData-> NSString

NSString *aString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:adataencoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

 

NSString->NSData

NSString *aString = @"1234abcd";

NSData *aData = [aString dataUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];

 

2.NSData 与 Byte

NSData-> Byte数组

NSString *testString = @"1234567890";

NSData *testData = [testString dataUsingEncoding: NSUTF8StringEncoding];

Byte *testByte = (Byte *)[testData bytes];

for(int i=0;i<[testData length];i++)

printf("testByte = %d\n",testByte[i]);

 

Byte数组-> NSData

Byte byte[] = {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23};

NSData *adata = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:byte length:24];

 

Byte数组->16进制数

Byte *bytes = (Byte *)[aData bytes];

NSString *hexStr=@"";

for(int i=0;i<[encryData length];i++)

{

NSString *newHexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%x",bytes[i]&0xff];///16进制数

if([newHexStr length]==1)

hexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@0%@",hexStr,newHexStr];

else 

hexStr = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",hexStr,newHexStr];

}

NSLog(@"bytes 的16进制数为:%@",hexStr);

 

16进制数->Byte数组

将16进制数据转化成Byte 数组

NSString *hexString = @"3e435fab9c34891f"; //16进制字符串

int j=0;

Byte bytes[128];  ///3ds key的Byte 数组, 128位

for(int i=0;i<[hexString length];i++)

{

int int_ch;  /// 两位16进制数转化后的10进制数

 

unichar hex_char1 = [hexString characterAtIndex:i]; ////两位16进制数中的第一位(高位*16)

int int_ch1;

if(hex_char1 >= '0' && hex_char1 <='9')

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-48)*16;   //// 0 的Ascll - 48

else if(hex_char1 >= 'A' && hex_char1 <='F')

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-55)*16; //// A 的Ascll - 65

else 

int_ch1 = (hex_char1-87)*16; //// a 的Ascll - 97

i++;

 

unichar hex_char2 = [hexString characterAtIndex:i]; ///两位16进制数中的第二位(低位)

int int_ch2;

if(hex_char2 >= '0' && hex_char2 <='9')

int_ch2 = (hex_char2-48); //// 0 的Ascll - 48

else if(hex_char1 >= 'A' && hex_char1 <='F')

int_ch2 = hex_char2-55; //// A 的Ascll - 65

else 

int_ch2 = hex_char2-87; //// a 的Ascll - 97

 

int_ch = int_ch1+int_ch2;

NSLog(@"int_ch=%d",int_ch);

bytes[j] = int_ch;  ///将转化后的数放入Byte数组里

j++;

}

NSData *newData = [[NSData alloc] initWithBytes:bytes length:128];

NSLog(@"newData=%@",newData);

 

3. NSData 与 UIImage

NSData->UIImage

UIImage *aimage = [UIImage imageWithData: imageData];

 

//例:从本地文件沙盒中取图片并转换为NSData

NSString *path = [[NSBundle mainBundle] bundlePath];

NSString *name = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"ceshi.png"];

NSString *finalPath = [path stringByAppendingPathComponent:name];

NSData *imageData = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile: finalPath];

UIImage *aimage = [UIImage imageWithData: imageData];

 

UIImage-> NSData

NSData *imageData = UIImagePNGRepresentation(aimae);