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[Java教程]java如何调用webservice接口


java调用WebService可以直接使用Apache提供的axis.jar自己编写代码,或者利用Eclipse自动生成WebService Client代码,利用其中的Proxy类进行调用。理论上是一样的,只不过用Eclipse自动生成代码省事些。
1、编写代码方式:
package com.yudun.test;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import org.apache.axis.client.Call;
import org.apache.axis.client.Service;
import org.apache.axis.message.PrefixedQName;
import org.apache.axis.message.SOAPHeaderElement;
import com.cezanne.golden.user.Exception;
import com.cezanne.golden.user.UserManagerServiceProxy;
import javax.
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import javax.
import javax.
import javax.

public class testWebService {
public static String getResult() throws ServiceException, MalformedURLException, RemoteException, SOAPException
{
//标识Web Service的具体路径
String endpoint = "WebService服务地址";
// 创建 Service实例
Service service = new Service();
// 通过Service实例创建Call的实例
Call call = (Call) service.createCall();
//将Web Service的服务路径加入到call实例之中.
call.setTargetEndpointAddress( new java.net.URL(endpoint) );//为Call设置服务的位置
// 由于需要认证,故需要设置调用的SOAP头信息。
Name headerName = new PrefixedQName( new QName("发布的wsdl里的targetNamespace里的url", "string_itemName") );
org.apache.axis.message.SOAPHeaderElement header = new SOAPHeaderElement(headerName);
header.addTextNode( "blablabla" );
call.addHeader(header);

// SOAPHeaderElement soapHeaderElement = new SOAPHeaderElement("发布的wsdl里的targetNamespace里的url", "SoapHeader");
// soapHeaderElement.setNamespaceURI("发布的wsdl里的targetNamespace里的url");
// try
// {
// soapHeaderElement.addChildElement("string_itemName").setValue("blablabla");
// }
// catch (SOAPException e)
// {
// e.printStackTrace();
// }
// call.addHeader(soapHeaderElement);
//调用Web Service的方法
org.apache.axis.description.OperationDesc oper;
org.apache.axis.description.ParameterDesc param;
oper = new org.apache.axis.description.OperationDesc();
oper.setName("opName");
param = new org.apache.axis.description.ParameterDesc(new javax.
param.setOmittable(true);
oper.addParameter(param);
param = new org.apache.axis.description.ParameterDesc(new javax.
param.setOmittable(true);
oper.addParameter(param);
param = new org.apache.axis.description.ParameterDesc(new javax.
param.setOmittable(true);
oper.addParameter(param);
oper.setReturnType(new javax.
oper.setReturnClass(java.lang.String.class);
oper.setReturnQName(new javax.
oper.setStyle(org.apache.axis.constants.Style.WRAPPED);
oper.setUse(org.apache.axis.constants.Use.LITERAL);
oper.addFault(new org.apache.axis.description.FaultDesc(
new javax.
"Exception",
new javax.
true
));
call.setOperation( oper );
call.setOperationName(new javax.
//调用Web Service,传入参数
String res = ( String ) call.invoke( new Object[]("arg0","arg1"));
System.out.println("===============");
return res;
}
/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
try {
System.out.println(getResult());
} catch (MalformedURLException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (RemoteException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ServiceException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (SOAPException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

2、利用Eclipse自动生成WebService client代码就容易多了:(由于还不会发图片,就用语言描述了,大家酬和看吧。。。)
首先,new project,选择other,在输入框中输入Web Service Client,选中搜索后的结果,点击Next,在Service definition中输入 WebService的发布地址,点击Finish
这样,WebService Client代码已经生成好了。
接下来写一个Test类,在main函数中输入如下代码:

String endpoint = "服务器的WebService的地址";
YourWebServiceNameProxy umsp = new YourWebServiceNameProxy (endpoint);
try {
String resultStr = umsp.opMethod("arg0","arg1");
System.out.println(resultStr);
} catch (Exception e) {
System.out.println("异常");
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (RemoteException e) {
System.out.println("RemoteException异常");
e.printStackTrace();
}