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[ASP.net教程]Expression基础体验


using System;using System.Collections.Generic;using System.ComponentModel;using System.Linq;using System.Linq.Expressions;using System.Text;using System.Threading.Tasks;namespace Unit{  class T  {    public void Test()    {      Console.WriteLine("Test Class!");    }  }  class S  {    private List<int> ids = new List<int>();    public string Name { set; get; }    public List<int> Ids { set { ids = value; } get { return ids; } }  }  class ET  {    public void Run()    {      //add      Add(4, 5);//+      AddAssign(4, 5);      Subtract(5, 4);//-      SubtractAssign(5,4);      Multiply(4,5);      MultiplyAssign(4,5);      Divide(4, 2);      DivideAssign(4,2);      Decrement(3);//i--;      Increment(3);//++      Modulo();            And(true, false); //&      AndAlso(true, false); //&&      Or(true, false);      OrElse(true, false); //||      LessThan(4, 5);      Coalesce(1, 2);      Coalesce(null, 2);      Is();      If();      IfElse();      Condition();      Switch(5);      Loop(9);      TypeAs();      Convert();      New();      NewArray();      NewArrayBounds();      ListInit();      ListBind();    }    /// <summary>    /// +    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Add(int a,int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Add(left, right);      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    public static int Add2(int a,int b)    {      return 100;    }    /// <summary>    /// 利用方法+    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void AddAssign(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.AddAssign(left, right, this.GetType().GetMethod("Add2"));      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// &    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void And(bool a, bool b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      Expression exp = Expression.And(left, right);      Expression<Func<bool, bool, bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool, bool, bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// &&    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void AndAlso(bool a, bool b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      Expression exp = Expression.AndAlso(left, right);      Expression<Func<bool, bool, bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool, bool, bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// |    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Or(bool a, bool b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      Expression exp = Expression.Or(left, right);      Expression<Func<bool, bool, bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool, bool, bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// ||    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void OrElse(bool a, bool b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      Expression exp = Expression.OrElse(left, right);      Expression<Func<bool, bool, bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool, bool, bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// -    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Subtract(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Subtract(left, right);      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    private void SubtractAssign(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.SubtractAssign(left, right, this.GetType().GetMethod("Add2"));      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// *    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Multiply(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Multiply(left, right);      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    private void MultiplyAssign(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.MultiplyAssign(left, right, this.GetType().GetMethod("Add2"));      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// /    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Divide(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Divide(left, right);      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// a/=b    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void DivideAssign(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.DivideAssign(left, right, this.GetType().GetMethod("Add2"));      Expression<Func<int, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// --    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    private void Decrement(int a)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Decrement(left);      Expression<Func<int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// ++    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    private void Increment(int a)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.Increment(left);      Expression<Func<int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// >    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void LessThan(int a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      Expression exp = Expression.LessThan(left, right);      Expression<Func<int, int, bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int, bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a,b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    /// <summary>    /// ??    /// </summary>    /// <param name="a"></param>    /// <param name="b"></param>    private void Coalesce(int? a, int b)    {      var left = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int?));      var right = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var right2 = Expression.Assign(right, Expression.Default(typeof(int)));      Expression exp = Expression.Coalesce(left, right2);      Expression<Func<int?, int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int?, int, int>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] { left, right });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(a, b);      Console.WriteLine(r);    }    public static bool IsFalse(bool flag){      return false;    }    /// <summary>    /// is    /// </summary>    private void Is()    {      var v1 = Expression.Parameter(typeof(bool));      var v11 = Expression.Assign(v1,Expression.Constant(true));      var v2 = Expression.IsFalse(v1, this.GetType().GetMethod("IsFalse"));      Expression exp = Expression.IsFalse(v2);      var v3=Expression.TypeIs(Expression.Constant(new List<int>()),typeof(IList<int>));      Expression<Func<bool,bool>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool,bool>>(exp, new ParameterExpression[] {v1 });      var l = lambda.Compile();      var r = l(true);      Console.WriteLine(r);      Expression<Func<bool>> lambda2 = Expression.Lambda<Func<bool>>(v3);      var l2 = lambda2.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l2());    }    /// <summary>    /// if    /// </summary>    private void If()    {      var v1 = Expression.Variable(typeof(int),"a");      var v11 = Expression.Assign(v1, Expression.Constant(10));      var v2 = Expression.GreaterThan(v11, Expression.Constant(9));      Expression exp = Expression.IfThen(v2,Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine",new Type[]{typeof(int)}),v1));      Expression exp2 = Expression.Block(new[]{v1},exp);      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(exp2, new ParameterExpression[] { });      var l = lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// if else    /// </summary>    private void IfElse()    {      var v1 = Expression.Variable(typeof(int), "a");      var v11 = Expression.Assign(v1, Expression.Constant(10));      var v2 = Expression.GreaterThan(v11, Expression.Constant(9));      Expression exp = Expression.IfThenElse(v2, Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(string) }), Expression.Constant("True")), Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(string) }), Expression.Constant("False")));      Expression exp2 = Expression.Block(new[] { v1 }, exp);      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(exp2, new ParameterExpression[] { });      var l = lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// trueTest?ifTrue:ifFalse;    /// </summary>    private void Condition()    {      var v1 = Expression.Variable(typeof(int), "a");      var v11 = Expression.Assign(v1, Expression.Constant(10));      var v2 = Expression.GreaterThan(v1, Expression.Constant(9));      Expression exp = Expression.Condition(v2, Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(string) }), Expression.Constant("True")), Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(string) }), Expression.Constant("False")));      Expression exp2 = Expression.Block(new[] { v1 },v11, exp);      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(exp2, new ParameterExpression[] { });      var l = lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// switch    /// </summary>    /// <param name="i"></param>    private void Switch(int i)    {      var par = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var target = Expression.Label(typeof(int),"a");      var exp = Expression.Switch(par, Expression.Break(target, Expression.Constant(-5)), Expression.SwitchCase(Expression.Break(target, par), Expression.Constant(1)));      var lbl = Expression.Label(target, Expression.Constant(0));      var block = Expression.Block(exp,lbl);      Expression<Func<int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int>>(block, new ParameterExpression[] { par });      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l(i));    }    /// <summary>    /// while(true){}    /// </summary>    /// <param name="i"></param>    private void Loop(int i)    {      var par = Expression.Parameter(typeof(int));      var ret = Expression.Variable(typeof(int), "ret");      var v11 = Expression.Assign(ret, Expression.Constant(0));      var lbl = Expression.Label(typeof(int));      var lbl2 = Expression.Label(lbl,Expression.Constant(0));      var block1 = Expression.Block(Expression.AddAssign(ret,par),Expression.SubtractAssign(par,Expression.Constant(2)));      var condition = Expression.IfThenElse(Expression.GreaterThan(par, Expression.Constant(0)),block1, Expression.Break(lbl, ret));      var block2 = Expression.Block(new[] { ret }, v11, Expression.Loop(condition), lbl2);// Expression.Block(new[] { ret }, v11, Expression.Loop(condition,lbl)) 可以达到一样的效果      Expression<Func<int, int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int, int>>(block2, new ParameterExpression[] { par });      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l(i));    }    /// <summary>    /// as    /// </summary>    private void TypeAs()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(1);      var t=Expression.TypeAs(s, typeof(object));      var call = Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new[] { typeof(int) }), Expression.Unbox(t, typeof(int)));      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(call);      var l=lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// 强转 class定义TypeConverter,TypeConverterAttribute    /// </summary>    private void Convert()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(7.5);      var t = Expression.Convert(s, typeof(int));      var call = Expression.Call(typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new[] { typeof(int) }),t);      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(call);      var l = lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// %    /// </summary>    private void Modulo()    {      Expression s1 = Expression.Constant(7);      Expression s2 = Expression.Constant(4);      var t = Expression.Modulo(s1,s2);      Expression<Func<int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int>>(t);      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l());    }    /// <summary>    /// new    /// </summary>    private void New()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(7);      var t = Expression.New(typeof(T));      var call = Expression.Call(t, typeof(T).GetMethod("Test"));      Expression<Action> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Action>(call);      var l = lambda.Compile();      l();    }    /// <summary>    /// 初始化数组对象new int[]{7}    /// </summary>    private void NewArray()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(7);      var t = Expression.NewArrayInit(typeof(int),s);      var call = Expression.Call(t, typeof(int[]).GetProperty("Length").GetGetMethod());      Expression<Func<int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int>>(call);      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l());    }    /// <summary>    /// new int[7]    /// </summary>    private void NewArrayBounds()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(7);      var t = Expression.NewArrayBounds(typeof(int), s);      var call = Expression.Call(t, typeof(int[]).GetProperty("Length").GetGetMethod());      Expression<Func<int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int>>(call);      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l());    }    /// <summary>    /// new List<int>(){5}    /// </summary>    private void ListInit()    {      Expression s = Expression.Constant(5);      var lst = Expression.New(typeof(List<int>));      var t = Expression.ListInit(lst,s);      var call = Expression.Call(t, typeof(List<int>).GetProperty("Count").GetGetMethod());      Expression<Func<int>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<int>>(call);      var l = lambda.Compile();      Console.WriteLine(l());    }    /// <summary>    /// var s=new S();s.Ids.Add(5);s.Ids.Add(7);    /// </summary>    private void ListBind()    {      Type s = typeof(S);      var n=Expression.New(s);      var ids=s.GetProperty("Ids");      var l=typeof(List<int>);      var n2 = Expression.New(l);      var e1 = Expression.ElementInit(l.GetMethod("Add"), Expression.Constant(5));      var e2 = Expression.ElementInit(l.GetMethod("Add"), Expression.Constant(7));      var lst = Expression.ListBind(ids,e1,e2);      var init=Expression.MemberInit(n,lst);      Expression<Func<S>> lambda = Expression.Lambda<Func<S>>(init);      var ln = lambda.Compile();      var o = ln();      Console.WriteLine(o);    }    /// <summary>    /// L_0000: ldarg.1     /// L_0001: call void [mscorlib]System.Console::WriteLine(int32)    /// L_0006: ldarg.s j2    /// L_0008: call void [mscorlib]System.Console::WriteLine(int32)    /// L_000d: ret     /// </summary>    private void TestArgs(int a, int b, int c, int d, int e, int f, int g, int h, int i, int j, int a1, int b1, int c1, int d1, int e1, int f1, int g1, int h1, int i1, int j1, int a2, int b2, int c2, int d2, int e2, int f2, int g2, int h2, int i2, int j2)    {      Console.WriteLine(a);      Console.WriteLine(j2);    }  }}