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[网页设计]基于HTML5 的人脸识别活体认证


近几年,人脸识别技术在身份认证领域的应用已经有了较多应用,例如:支付宝、招行的取款、养老金领取等方面,但在杜绝假冒、认证安全性等方面,目前还是一个比较需要进一步解决的课题,特别是在移动端的活体认证技术方面。

本文介绍了在HTML5 环境下可以采用clmtrackr.js 检测工具,结合人脸模型,实现人脸的跟踪检测。同时采用动作识别实现活体认证。

但本方案只能够在Firefox 或者Chrome中使用。并且只适合研究学习,实际场景中不太理想,需要进一步优化才能够应用。

如果有人有相关的技术,可以推荐介绍给我。

<!DOCTYPE html><!--Ideally these elements aren't created until it's confirmed that the client supports video/camera, but for the sake of illustrating the elements involved, they are created with markup (not JavaScript)--><html><meta charset="GBK"><style>#container {position : relative;}#canvas {position : absolute;left : 0;top : 0;}</style><script src="utils.js"></script><script src="clmtrackr.js"></script><script src="./models/model_pca_20_svm.js"></script><script src="numeric.js"></script><script src="ccv.js"></script><audio id="media"> 你的浏览器不支持audio标签。</audio><div id="container"><video id="video" width="600" height="400" autoplay > 您的浏览器不支持video标签</video><canvas id="canvas" width="600" height="400"></canvas></div>  <button id="snap">Snap Photo</button><button id="start">Start</button><button id="showposition">显示</button><button id="hideposition">不显示</button><br/><button id="mouse">张嘴验证</button> <button id="head">摇头验证</button> <button id="eye">眨眼验证</button><div id="tip"></div><div id="result"></div><div id="msg"></div><div id="positions"></div><script>var showpos=false;// Put event listeners into place//window.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function() {// Grab elements, create settings, etc.var canvas = document.getElementById("canvas"),context = canvas.getContext("2d"),video = document.getElementById("video"),videoObj = { "video": true },errBack = function(error) {if (error.PERMISSION_DENIED) {jAlert('用户拒绝了浏览器请求媒体的权限', '提示');} else if (error.NOT_SUPPORTED_ERROR) {jAlert('对不起,您的浏览器不支持拍照功能,请使用其他浏览器', '提示');} else if (error.MANDATORY_UNSATISFIED_ERROR) {jAlert('指定的媒体类型未接收到媒体流', '提示');} else {jAlert('系统未能获取到摄像头,请确保摄像头已正确安装。或尝试刷新页面,重试', '提示');}};// Put video listeners into placeif(navigator.getUserMedia) { // Standardnavigator.getUserMedia(videoObj, function(stream) {video.src = stream;video.play();}, errBack);} else if(navigator.webkitGetUserMedia) { // WebKit-prefixedtry{navigator.webkitGetUserMedia(videoObj, function(stream){ video.src = window.webkitURL.createObjectURL(stream);video.play();}, errBack);}catch(error){alert(error);}}else if(navigator.mozGetUserMedia) { // Firefox-prefixednavigator.mozGetUserMedia(videoObj, function(stream){video.src = window.URL.createObjectURL(stream);video.play();}, errBack);}// Trigger photo takedocument.getElementById("snap").addEventListener("click", function() {context.drawImage(video, 0, 0, 600, 400);});document.getElementById("start").addEventListener("click", function() {startTrack();});document.getElementById("showposition").addEventListener("click", function() {showpos=true;});document.getElementById("hideposition").addEventListener("click", function() {showpos=false;});document.getElementById("mouse").addEventListener("click", function() {alive_mouse();});document.getElementById("head").addEventListener("click", function() {alive_head();});document.getElementById("eye").addEventListener("click", function() {alive_eye();});//}, false);</script><script>////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////活体var last_time=0;//时间因素var last_nose_left=0;var last_nose_top=0;//张嘴动作var is_mouse_ok=false; var is_alive_mouse=false;var last_dis_eye_norse=0;var last_dis_mouse=0;function alive_mouse(){var media = document.getElementById("media");media.src="mp3/alive_mouse.mp3";media.play();document.getElementById("tip").innerHTML="请张合嘴巴";document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "";is_mouse_ok=false;last_dis_mouse=0;last_time=0;last_dis_eye_norse=100000000; is_alive_head=false;is_alive_mouse=true;is_alive_eye=false;}//摇头动作var is_head_ok=false; var is_alive_head=false;var last_dis_left_right=100000000; function alive_head(){var media = document.getElementById("media");media.src="mp3/alive_head.mp3";media.play();document.getElementById("tip").innerHTML="请在水平方向左右摇头";document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "";is_head_ok=false;last_dis_left_right=100000000; last_time=0; is_alive_head=true;is_alive_mouse=false;is_alive_eye=false;}//眨眼动作var is_alive_eye=false;var is_eye_ok = false;function alive_eye(){var media = document.getElementById("media");media.src="mp3/alive_eye.mp3";media.play();document.getElementById("tip").innerHTML="请眨眼";document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "";is_eye_ok=false;last_dis_eye_norse=100000000; last_nose_left=0;last_nose_top=0;last_time=0; is_alive_head=false;is_alive_mouse=false;is_alive_eye=true;}function startTrack(){var videoInput = document.getElementById('video');var ctracker = new clm.tracker();ctracker.init(pModel);ctracker.start(videoInput);var canvasInput = document.getElementById('canvas');var cc = canvasInput.getContext('2d');cc.lineWidth=3;function drawLoop() {//requestAnimationFrame(drawLoop);cc.clearRect(0, 0, canvasInput.width, canvasInput.height);//ctracker.draw(canvasInput );var positions = ctracker.getCurrentPosition();if (showpos && positions) {for (var p = 0;p < positions.length;p++) {positionString += "featurepoint "+p+" : ["+positions[p][0].toFixed(2)+","+positions[p][1].toFixed(2) +"]<br/>";}document.getElementById('positions').innerHTML = positionString;}if(positions){for (var p =0;p < 71;p++) {  cc.beginPath();cc.arc(positions[p][0].toFixed(2), positions[p][1].toFixed(2),2, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);cc.closePath();cc.fillStyle = '#00FF00';cc.fill();}//cc.strokeStyle = 'red';//0-14 轮廓//7 下吧,最下//2 最左边//12 最右边//15-22 眉毛//23-27 左眼睛五个点//27 左眼中间//63-66 左眼四个点//28-32 右眼睛五个点//67-70 右眼四个点//33-43 鼻子//62 鼻中间//44-61 嘴巴//47 嘴巴上//53 嘴巴下/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////左眼中间for (var p =27;p <=27;p++) {  cc.beginPath();cc.arc(positions[p][0].toFixed(2), positions[p][1].toFixed(2), 2, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);cc.closePath();cc.fillStyle = 'red';cc.fill();}//鼻子中间for (var p =62;p <=62;p++) {  cc.beginPath();cc.arc(positions[p][0].toFixed(2), positions[p][1].toFixed(2), 2, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);cc.closePath();cc.fillStyle = 'red';cc.fill();}//嘴巴上for (var p =57;p <=57;p++) {  cc.beginPath();cc.arc(positions[p][0].toFixed(2), positions[p][1].toFixed(2), 2, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);cc.closePath();cc.fillStyle = 'red';cc.fill();}//嘴巴下for (var p =60;p <=60;p++) {  cc.beginPath();cc.arc(positions[p][0].toFixed(2), positions[p][1].toFixed(2), 2, 0, Math.PI * 2, true);cc.closePath();cc.fillStyle = 'red';cc.fill();}////////////////////////////////////////headif(is_alive_head==true){if(last_time==0 || (new Date().getTime()-last_time>500 && new Date().getTime()-last_time<10000 ) ){var xdiff_left = positions[62][0] - positions[2][0] ;var ydiff_left = positions[62][1] - positions[2][1] ;var dis_left = Math.pow((xdiff_left * xdiff_left + ydiff_left * ydiff_left), 0.5);var xdiff_right = positions[12][0] - positions[62][0] ;var ydiff_right = positions[12][1] - positions[62][1] ;var dis_right = Math.pow((xdiff_right * xdiff_right + ydiff_right * ydiff_right), 0.5);var xdiff_side = positions[12][0] - positions[2][0] ;var ydiff_side = positions[12][1] - positions[2][1] ;var dis_side = Math.pow((xdiff_side * xdiff_side + ydiff_side * ydiff_side), 0.5);var dis_left_right = dis_left - dis_right;document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = dis_left_right;if(last_dis_left_right>0 && dis_left_right > dis_side/3){document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "通过";is_head_ok=true;is_alive_head=false;}last_dis_left_right=dis_left_right; last_time = new Date().getTime();}}///////////////////////////////////////mouse if(is_alive_mouse==true){if(last_time==0 || (new Date().getTime()-last_time>500 && new Date().getTime()-last_time<10000 ) ){//研究和鼻子距离var xdiff = positions[62][0] - positions[27][0] ;var ydiff = positions[62][1] - positions[27][1] ; var dis_eye_norse = Math.pow((xdiff * xdiff + ydiff * ydiff), 0.5);//上嘴唇 和下嘴唇距离var xdiff_mouse = positions[53][0] - positions[47][0] ;var ydiff_mouse = positions[53][1] - positions[47][1] ; var dis_mouse = Math.pow((xdiff_mouse * xdiff_mouse + ydiff_mouse * ydiff_mouse), 0.5);//上次的眼鼻距离和这次的眼鼻距离差var dn= Math.abs(dis_eye_norse-last_dis_eye_norse);//上次的嘴距离和本次的嘴距离差var dm=Math.abs(dis_mouse - last_dis_mouse);//鼻子的位置确保变化不大if(last_nose_left>0 && last_nose_top>0&& Math.abs(positions[62][0]-last_nose_left)<5&& Math.abs(positions[62][1]-last_nose_top)<5){document.getElementById('msg').innerHTML = dn;if(last_dis_eye_norse>0 && dn < dis_eye_norse*1/50){ if(last_dis_mouse>0 && dm > dis_mouse/10){document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "通过";is_alive_mouse=false;is_mouse_ok=true;}}}last_dis_mouse = dis_mouse;last_dis_eye_norse = dis_eye_norse;last_time = new Date().getTime(); last_nose_left = positions[62][0];last_nose_top = positions[62][1];}}///////////////////////////////////////eye if(is_alive_eye==true){if(last_time==0 || (new Date().getTime()-last_time>10 ) ){var xdiff1 = positions[62][0] - positions[27][0] ;var ydiff1 = positions[62][1] - positions[27][1] ; var dis_eye_norse1 = Math.pow((xdiff1 * xdiff1 + ydiff1 * ydiff1), 0.5);var xdiff2 = positions[62][0] - positions[32][0] ;var ydiff2 = positions[62][1] - positions[32][1] ; var dis_eye_norse2 = Math.pow((xdiff2 * xdiff2 + ydiff2 * ydiff2), 0.5);var dis_eye_norse = (dis_eye_norse1 + dis_eye_norse2);if(last_nose_left>0 && last_nose_top>0&& Math.abs(positions[62][0]-last_nose_left)<0.5&& Math.abs(positions[62][1]-last_nose_top)<0.5){document.getElementById('msg').innerHTML = Math.abs(dis_eye_norse - last_dis_eye_norse) - dis_eye_norse*1/20;if(last_dis_eye_norse>0 && (Math.abs(dis_eye_norse - last_dis_eye_norse) > dis_eye_norse*1/20 ) ){document.getElementById('result').innerHTML = "通过";is_alive_eye=false;is_eye_ok=true;}}last_nose_left = positions[62][0];last_nose_top = positions[62][1];last_dis_eye_norse = dis_eye_norse;last_time = new Date().getTime(); }}}requestAnimationFrame(drawLoop);}drawLoop();} </script></html>