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[Java教程]Java实现时间动态显示方法汇总


这篇文章主要介绍了Java实现时间动态显示方法汇总,很实用的功能,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文所述实例可以实现Java在界面上动态的显示时间。具体实现方法汇总如下:

1.方法一 用TimerTask:

利用java.util.Timer和java.util.TimerTask来做动态更新,毕竟每次更新可以看作是计时1秒发生一次。
代码如下:

import java.awt.Dimension;import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;import java.util.Calendar;import java.util.Date;import java.util.Timer;import java.util.TimerTask;import javax.swing.JFrame;import javax.swing.JLabel;import javax.swing.JPanel;/** * This class is a simple JFrame implementation to explain how to * display time dynamically on the JSwing-based interface. * @author Edison * */public class TimeFrame extends JFrame{ /* * Variables */ private JPanel timePanel; private JLabel timeLabel; private JLabel displayArea; private String DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT = "HH:mm:ss"; private String time; private int ONE_SECOND = 1000;  public TimeFrame() { timePanel = new JPanel(); timeLabel = new JLabel("CurrentTime: "); displayArea = new JLabel();  configTimeArea();  timePanel.add(timeLabel); timePanel.add(displayArea); this.add(timePanel); this.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE); this.setSize(new Dimension(200,70)); this.setLocationRelativeTo(null); }  /** * This method creates a timer task to update the time per second */ private void configTimeArea() { Timer tmr = new Timer(); tmr.scheduleAtFixedRate(new JLabelTimerTask(),new Date(), ONE_SECOND); }  /** * Timer task to update the time display area * */ protected class JLabelTimerTask extends TimerTask{ SimpleDateFormat dateFormatter = new SimpleDateFormat(DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT); @Override public void run() { time = dateFormatter.format(Calendar.getInstance().getTime()); displayArea.setText(time); } }  public static void main(String arg[]) { TimeFrame timeFrame=new TimeFrame(); timeFrame.setVisible(true); } }/* 何问起 hovertree.com */

继承TimerTask来创建一个自定义的task,获取当前时间,更新displayArea.
然后创建一个timer的实例,每1秒执行一次timertask。由于用schedule可能会有时间误差产生,所以直接调用精度更高的scheduleAtFixedRate的。
 
2. 方法二:利用线程:

这个就比较简单了。具体代码如下:

import java.awt.Dimension;import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;import java.util.Calendar;import javax.swing.JFrame;import javax.swing.JLabel;import javax.swing.JPanel;/** * This class is a simple JFrame implementation to explain how to * display time dynamically on the JSwing-based interface. * @author Edison * */public class DTimeFrame2 extends JFrame implements Runnable{ private JFrame frame; private JPanel timePanel; private JLabel timeLabel; private JLabel displayArea; private String DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT = "HH:mm:ss"; private int ONE_SECOND = 1000;  public DTimeFrame2() { timePanel = new JPanel(); timeLabel = new JLabel("CurrentTime: "); displayArea = new JLabel();  timePanel.add(timeLabel); timePanel.add(displayArea); this.add(timePanel); this.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE); this.setSize(new Dimension(200,70)); this.setLocationRelativeTo(null); } public void run() { while(true) { SimpleDateFormat dateFormatter = new SimpleDateFormat(DEFAULT_TIME_FORMAT); displayArea.setText(dateFormatter.format(   Calendar.getInstance().getTime())); try { Thread.sleep(ONE_SECOND);  } catch(Exception e) { displayArea.setText("Error!!!"); } } }  public static void main(String arg[]) { DTimeFrame2 df2=new DTimeFrame2(); df2.setVisible(true);  Thread thread1=new Thread(df2); thread1.start(); } }/* hwq2.com */

比较:

个人倾向于方法一,因为Timer是可以被多个TimerTask共用,而产生一个线程,会增加多线程的维护复杂度。

注意如下代码:

jFrame.setDefaultCloseOperation(); // 给关闭按钮增加特定行为jFrame.setLocationRelativeTo(null); // 让Frame一出来就在屏幕中间,而不是左上方。

将上面方法一稍微一修改,就可以显示多国时间。代码如下:

import java.awt.BorderLayout;import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;import java.awt.event.ActionListener;import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;import java.util.Calendar;import java.util.Date;import java.util.Locale;import java.util.TimeZone;import java.util.Timer;import java.util.TimerTask;import javax.swing.DefaultComboBoxModel;import javax.swing.JComboBox;import javax.swing.JFrame;import javax.swing.JLabel;import javax.swing.JPanel;/** * A simple world clock * @author Edison * */public class WorldTimeFrame extends JFrame{ /** * */ private static final long serialVersionUID = 4782486524987801209L;  private String time; private JPanel timePanel; private TimeZone timeZone; private JComboBox zoneBox; private JLabel displayArea;  private int ONE_SECOND = 1000; private String DEFAULT_FORMAT = "EEE d MMM, HH:mm:ss";  public WorldTimeFrame() { zoneBox = new JComboBox(); timePanel = new JPanel(); displayArea = new JLabel(); timeZone = TimeZone.getDefault();  zoneBox.setModel(new DefaultComboBoxModel(TimeZone.getAvailableIDs()));  zoneBox.addActionListener(new ActionListener(){ @Override public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) { updateTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone((String) zoneBox.getSelectedItem())); }  });  configTimeArea();  timePanel.add(displayArea); this.setLayout(new BorderLayout()); this.add(zoneBox, BorderLayout.NORTH); this.add(timePanel, BorderLayout.CENTER); this.setLocationRelativeTo(null); this.setDefaultCloseOperation(EXIT_ON_CLOSE); this.setVisible(true); pack(); }  /** * This method creates a timer task to update the time per second */ private void configTimeArea() { Timer tmr = new Timer(); tmr.scheduleAtFixedRate(new JLabelTimerTask(),new Date(), ONE_SECOND); }  /** * Timer task to update the time display area * */ public class JLabelTimerTask extends TimerTask{ SimpleDateFormat dateFormatter = new SimpleDateFormat(DEFAULT_FORMAT, Locale.ENGLISH); @Override public void run() { dateFormatter.setTimeZone(timeZone); time = dateFormatter.format(Calendar.getInstance().getTime()); displayArea.setText(time); } }  /** * Update the timeZone * @param newZone */ public void updateTimeZone(TimeZone newZone) { this.timeZone = newZone; }  public static void main(String arg[]) { new WorldTimeFrame(); } }/* 何问起 hovertree.com */

本来需要在updateTimeZone(TimeZone newZone)中,更新displayArea的。但是考虑到TimerTask执行的时间太短,才1秒钟,以肉眼观察,基本上是和立刻更新没区别。如果TimerTask执行时间长的话,这里就要立刻重新用心的时间更新一下displayArea。

补充:

①. pack() 用来自动计算屏幕大小;
②. TimeZone.getAvailableIDs() 用来获取所有的TimeZone。

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