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[ASP.net教程]ABAP

需求:将alv上面的数据计算到内表中区,然后通过自定义按钮进行下载到csv格式中

附加:现在基本不用csv导出了,但是有些变态需求强行要求,也只好研究出来了,excel与txt导出很简单,那就不多说了。
 
步骤:
1.copy系统标准的SAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT函数,此函数已经使用不了,命名为ZSAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT,然后进行修改几处;
a.系统标准的TRUXS_T_TEXT_DATA不存在,对于本机gui来说


ZCSV_T为自己修改的类型,用于接收后面函数table里面的值,记得用char4096.
 

FUNCTION ZSAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Local interface:
*"  IMPORTING
*"     VALUE(I_FIELD_SEPERATOR) TYPE  CHAR01 DEFAULT ';'
*"     VALUE(I_LINE_HEADER) TYPE  CHAR01 OPTIONAL
*"     VALUE(I_FILENAME) LIKE  RLGRAP-FILENAME OPTIONAL
*"     VALUE(I_APPL_KEEP) TYPE  CHAR01 DEFAULT SPACE
*"  TABLES
*"      I_TAB_SAP_DATA TYPE  STANDARD TABLE
*"  CHANGING
*"     VALUE(I_TAB_CONVERTED_DATA) TYPE  ZCSV_T OPTIONAL
*"  EXCEPTIONS
*"      CONVERSION_FAILED
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
  CONSTANTS: C_FIELD_SEPARATOR VALUE ','.  DATA:
        L_START_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_END_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_LEN_STRING(6) TYPE N,
        L_EOL_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_START_TARGET_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_END_TARGET_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_LEN_TARGET_STRING(6) TYPE N,
        L_EOL_TARGET_STRING LIKE SY-FDPOS,
        L_CONV_DATA TYPE LINE OF ZCSV_T,
        L_CSV_DATA TYPE LINE OF ZCSV_T.  CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_CONVERT_TO_TEX_FORMAT'
    EXPORTING
      I_FIELD_SEPERATOR    = C_FIELD_SEPARATOR
      I_LINE_HEADER        = I_LINE_HEADER
      I_FILENAME           = I_FILENAME
    TABLES
      I_TAB_SAP_DATA       = I_TAB_SAP_DATA
    CHANGING
      I_TAB_CONVERTED_DATA = I_TAB_CONVERTED_DATA
    EXCEPTIONS
      CONVERSION_FAILED    = 4.  CHECK SY-SUBRC <> 0.
*  if sy-subrc <> c_rc0.
  MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
          WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4
          RAISING CONVERSION_FAILED.
*  endif.  DESCRIBE FIELD L_CSV_DATA LENGTH L_LEN_TARGET_STRING
                                     in character mode.
  DESCRIBE FIELD L_CONV_DATA LENGTH L_EOL_STRING
                                     in character mode.
  LOOP AT I_TAB_CONVERTED_DATA INTO L_CONV_DATA.
    L_START_STRING = 1.
    CLEAR: L_CSV_DATA,
           L_START_TARGET_STRING,
           L_END_TARGET_STRING.
    DO.
      SEARCH L_CONV_DATA FOR C_FIELD_SEPARATOR STARTING AT
                                                  L_START_STRING
                                                  ENDING AT
                                                  L_EOL_STRING.
      IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.
        EXIT.
      ENDIF.
      IF SY-SUBRC = 0.
        L_END_STRING = L_START_STRING + SY-FDPOS.
        L_LEN_STRING = L_END_STRING - L_START_STRING + 1.
        L_START_STRING = L_START_STRING - 1.
        L_END_TARGET_STRING = L_END_TARGET_STRING + L_LEN_STRING + 4.
        IF L_END_TARGET_STRING < L_LEN_TARGET_STRING.
          L_CSV_DATA+L_START_TARGET_STRING(3) = '"""'.
          L_START_TARGET_STRING = L_START_TARGET_STRING + 3.
          L_CSV_DATA+L_START_TARGET_STRING(L_LEN_STRING) =
                                      L_CONV_DATA+L_START_STRING.
          L_START_TARGET_STRING = L_START_TARGET_STRING + L_LEN_STRING
                                                        - 1.
          L_CSV_DATA+L_START_TARGET_STRING(1) = '"'.
          L_START_TARGET_STRING = L_START_TARGET_STRING + 1.
          L_CSV_DATA+L_START_TARGET_STRING(1) = ';'.
          L_END_TARGET_STRING = STRLEN( L_CSV_DATA ).
          L_START_TARGET_STRING = L_END_TARGET_STRING.
          L_START_STRING = L_END_STRING + 1.
        ELSE.
          EXIT.
        ENDIF.
      ENDIF.
    ENDDO.
    MODIFY I_TAB_CONVERTED_DATA FROM L_CSV_DATA.
  ENDLOOP.
ENDFUNCTION.
 
2.下面为调用类的方法,为弹出框选择路径、将内表数据通过copy的函数用逗号分隔封装到另一内表中和下载csv文件。
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_save_dialog
    EXPORTING
      default_extension    = 'CSV'
      default_file_name    = '*'
      file_filter          = 'CSV文件(*.CSV)'
    CHANGING
      filename             = w_filename
      path                 = w_file_path
      fullpath             = w_full_path
    EXCEPTIONS
      cntl_error           = 1
      error_no_gui         = 2
      not_supported_by_gui = 3
      OTHERS               = 4.  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
    WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
  ENDIF.  CLEAR it_tabout.
  CALL FUNCTION 'ZSAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT'
*  EXPORTING
*    I_FIELD_SEPERATOR    = ';'
*   I_LINE_HEADER        =
*   I_FILENAME           =
*   I_APPL_KEEP          = ' '
    TABLES
      i_tab_sap_data       = lt_worldship
    CHANGING
      i_tab_converted_data = it_tabout
    EXCEPTIONS
      conversion_failed    = 1
      OTHERS               = 2.
  IF sy-subrc = 0.
  ENDIF.  CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download
              EXPORTING
*                 bin_filesize            =
                filename                = w_filename
**                filetype                = 'DAT'
*                 codepage                = '8404'
*                 ignore_cerr             = ABAP_TRUE
*                 replacement             = '#'
              CHANGING
                data_tab                = it_tabout
              EXCEPTIONS
                file_write_error        = 1
                no_batch                = 2
                gui_refuse_filetransfer = 3
                invalid_type            = 4
                no_authority            = 5
                unknown_error           = 6
                header_not_allowed      = 7
                separator_not_allowed   = 8
                filesize_not_allowed    = 9
                header_too_long         = 10
                dp_error_create         = 11
                dp_error_send           = 12
                dp_error_write          = 13
                unknown_dp_error        = 14
                access_denied           = 15
                dp_out_of_memory        = 16
                disk_full               = 17
                dp_timeout              = 18
                file_not_found          = 19
                dataprovider_exception  = 20
                control_flush_error     = 21
                not_supported_by_gui    = 22
                error_no_gui            = 23
                OTHERS                  = 24.  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
    WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
  ENDIF.