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[操作系统]linux下GitLab的安装


1、Ubuntu安装

修改/etc/apt/sources.list.d/gitlab-ce.list,添加以下行

deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gitlab-ce/debian jessie main

开始安装:

# 安装依赖包sudo apt-get install curl openssh-server ca-certificates postfix# 安装 GitLab 社区版apt-get install gitlab-ce# 初始化,初始化完自动启动 GitLabsudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure

2、CentOS

新建 /etc/yum.repos.d/gitlab-ce.repo,添加以下内容

[gitlab-ce]name=gitlab-cebaseurl=http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/gitlab-ce/yum/el6repo_gpgcheck=0gpgcheck=0enabled=1gpgkey=https://packages.gitlab.com/gpg.key

安装步骤:

# 安装依赖包yum install curl openssh-server openssh-clients postfix cronie# 启动 postfix 邮件服务service postfix start# 检查 postfix chkconfig postfix on# 安装 GitLab 社区版yum install gitlab-ce# 初始化 GitLabgitlab-ctl reconfigure

3、登录访问

添加访问的 host,修改/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rbexternal_url

external_url 'http://git.test.com'

每次修改/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb,都要运行以下命令,让配置生效

gitlab-ctl reconfigure

在浏览器打开网址http://git.test.com,登陆。默认管理员:

用户名: root
密码: 5iveL!fe

4、汉化

以下汉化步骤参考此篇文章,首先确认当前安装版本

cat /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails/VERSION

当前安装版本是8.5.7,因此中文补丁需要打8.5版本

克隆 GitLab 源码仓库:

# 克隆 GitLab.com 仓库git clone https://gitlab.com/larryli/gitlab.git#或 Gitcafe.com 镜像,速度更快git clone https://gitcafe.com/larryli/gitlab.git

运行汉化补丁:

# 8.5 版本的汉化补丁(8-5-stable是英文稳定版,8-5-zh是中文版,两个 diff 结果便是汉化补丁)git diff origin/8-5-stable..8-5-zh > /tmp/8.5.diff# 停止 gitlabgitlab-ctl stop# 应用汉化补丁cd /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-railsgit apply /tmp/8.5.diff # 启动gitlabgitlab-ctl start

至此,汉化完毕

5、备份

配置文件含密码等敏感信息,不要和数据备份文件放在一起

sh -c 'umask 0077; tar -cf $(date "+etc-gitlab-%s.tar") -C /etc/gitlab'

默认数据备份目录是/var/opt/gitlab/backups,手动创建备份文件:

# Omnibus 方式安装使用以下命令备份gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:create

日常备份,添加 crontab,运行crontab -e

# 每天2点执行备份0 2 * * * /opt/gitlab/bin/gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:create CRON=1

如要修改备份周期和目录,在/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb中修改以下两个选项

# 设置备份周期为7天 - 604800秒gitlab_rails['backup_keep_time'] = 604800# 备份目录gitlab_rails['backup_path'] = '/mnt/backups'

恢复之前,确保备份文件所安装 GitLab 和当前要恢复的 GitLab 版本一致。首先,恢复配置文件:

mv /etc/gitlab /etc/gitlab.$(date +%s)# 将下面配置备份文件的时间戳改为你所备份的文件的时间戳tar -xf etc-gitlab-1399948539.tar -C /

恢复数据文件

# 将数据备份文件拷贝至备份目录cp 1393513186_gitlab_backup.tar /var/opt/gitlab/backups/# 停止连接数据库的进程gitlab-ctl stop unicorngitlab-ctl stop sidekiq# 恢复1393513186这个备份文件,将覆盖GitLab数据库!gitlab-rake gitlab:backup:restore BACKUP=1393513186# 启动 GitLabgitlab-ctl start# 检查 GitLabgitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true

6、持续集成(GitLab-CI)

GitLab 从 8.0 之后就集成了GitLab-CI,所以不需要再另外安装 CI。但需要安装Runner

1.添加 Runner 安装源

# For Debian/Ubuntucurl -L https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/runner/gitlab-ci-multi-runner/script.deb.sh | sudo bash# For CentOScurl -L https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/runner/gitlab-ci-multi-runner/script.rpm.sh | sudo bash

安装gitlab-ci-multi-runner

# For Debian/Ubuntuapt-get install gitlab-ci-multi-runner# For CentOSyum install gitlab-ci-multi-runner

2.注册 Runner。获取Token:以管理员身份登录GitLab,进入管理区域,点击侧边栏的Runner,如下图,“注册授权码”后的字符串便是Token。

sudo gitlab-ci-multi-runner registerRunning in system-mode.Please enter the gitlab-ci coordinator URL (e.g. https://gitlab.com/ci):http://git.home.com/ciPlease enter the gitlab-ci token for this runner:xxxx       # 输入TokenPlease enter the gitlab-ci description for this runner:[xxy-web-test-02]: test-runner # 输入runner的名称Please enter the gitlab-ci tags for this runner (comma separated):test,php     # 输入runner的标签,以区分不同的runner,标签间逗号分隔Registering runner... succeeded           runner=YDPz2or3Please enter the executor: ssh, shell, parallels, docker, docker-ssh, virtualbox:shellRunner registered successfully. Feel free to start it, but if it's running already the config should be automatically reloaded!

注册完成便可在上图中查看你所注册的Runner。至此,所有安装完毕,Runner的构建,后续补充。




centos添加gitlab-ce.repo后,需要执行sudo yum makecache

 

参考文章

http://serverfault.com/questions/683196/502-gitlab-is-not-responding-after-change-username

http://skyao.github.io/2015/02/16/git-gitlab-setup/

https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/issues/148

http://blog.csdn.net/wangxicoding/article/details/43738137

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27816046/gitlab-is-not-responding-502-on-ubuntu-14-04-after-starting-server

http://www.cnblogs.com/jasondan/p/4056669.html

http://www.open-open.com/lib/view/open1399684894447.html

http://www.jianshu.com/p/7a0d6917e009