你的位置:首页 > 数据库

[数据库]Sql server 查询


--Student(S#,Sname,Sage,Ssex) 学生表

--Course(C#,Cname,T#) 课程表

--SC(S#,C#,score) 成绩表

--Teacher(T#,Tname) 教师表

--问题:

--1、查询""课程比""课程成绩高的所有学生的学号;

select a.S# from (select s#,score from SC where C#='001') a,(select s#,score

from SC where C#='002') b

where a.score>b.score and a.s#=b.s#;

--2、查询平均成绩大于分的同学的学号和平均成绩;

select S#,avg(score)

from sc

group by S# having avg(score) >60;

--3、查询所有同学的学号、姓名、选课数、总成绩;

select Student.S#,Student.Sname,count(SC.C#),sum(score)

from Student left Outer join SC on Student.S#=SC.S#

group by Student.S#,Sname

--4、查询姓"李"的老师的个数;

select count(distinct(Tname))

from Teacher

where Tname like '李%';

--5、查询没学过"叶平"老师课的同学的学号、姓名;

Student.S#,Student.Sname

from Student

where S# not in (select distinct( SC.S#) from SC,Course,Teacher where SC.C#=Course.C# and Teacher.T#=Course.T# and Teacher.Tname='叶平');

--6、查询学过""并且也学过编号""课程的同学的学号、姓名;

select Student.S#,Student.Sname from Student,SC where Student.S#=SC.S# and SC.C#='001'and exists( Select * from SC as SC_2 where SC_2.S#=SC.S# and SC_2.C#='002');

--7、查询学过"叶平"老师所教的所有课的同学的学号、姓名;

select S#,Sname

from Student

where S# in (select S# from SC ,Course ,Teacher where SC.C#=Course.C# and Teacher.T#=Course.T# and Teacher.Tname='叶平' group by S# having count(SC.C#)=(select count(C#) from

Course,Teacher where Teacher.T#=Course.T# and Tname='叶平'));

--8、查询课程编号""的成绩比课程编号""课程低的所有同学的学号、姓名;

Select S#,Sname from (select Student.S#,Student.Sname,score ,(select score from SC SC_2 where SC_2.S#=Student.S# and SC_2.C#='002') score2

from Student,SC where Student.S#=SC.S# and C#='001') S_2 where score2 <score;

--9、查询所有课程成绩小于分的同学的学号、姓名;

select S#,Sname

from Student

where S# not in (select Student.S# from Student,SC where S.S#=SC.S# and score>60);

--10、查询没有学全所有课的同学的学号、姓名;

select Student.S#,Student.Sname

from Student,SC

where Student.S#=SC.S# group by Student.S#,Student.Sname having count(C#) <(select count(C#) from Course);

--11、查询至少有一门课与学号为""的同学所学相同的同学的学号和姓名;

select S#,Sname from Student,SC where Student.S#=SC.S# and C# in select C# from SC where S#='1001';

--12、查询至少学过学号为""同学所有一门课的其他同学学号和姓名;

select distinct SC.S#,Sname

from Student,SC

where Student.S#=SC.S# and C# in (select C# from SC where S#='001');

--13、把"SC"表中"叶平"老师教的课的成绩都更改为此课程的平均成绩;

update SC set score=(select avg(SC_2.score)

from SC SC_2

where SC_2.C#=SC.C# ) from Course,Teacher where Course.C#=SC.C# and Course.T#=Teacher.T# and Teacher.Tname='叶平');

--14、查询和""号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学学号和姓名;

select S# from SC where C# in (select C# from SC where S#='1002')

group by

S# having count(*)=(select count(*) from SC where S#='1002');

--15、删除学习"叶平"老师课的SC表记录;

Delect SC

from course ,Teacher

where Course.C#=SC.C# and Course.T#= Teacher.T# and Tname='叶平';

--16、向SC表中插入一些记录,这些记录要求符合以下条件:没有上过编号""课程的同学学号、、

号课的平均成绩;

Insert SC select S#,'002',(Select avg(score)

from SC where C#='002') from Student where S# not in (Select S# from SC where C#='002');

--17、按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的"数据库"、"企业管理"、"英语"三门的课程成绩,按如下形式显示:学生ID,,数据库,企业管理,英语,有效课程数,有效平均分

SELECT S# as 学生ID

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S#=t.S# AND C#='004') AS 数据库

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S#=t.S# AND C#='001') AS 企业管理

,(SELECT score FROM SC WHERE SC.S#=t.S# AND C#='006') AS 英语

,COUNT(*) AS 有效课程数, AVG(t.score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC AS t

GROUP BY S#

ORDER BY avg(t.score)

--18、查询各科成绩最高和最低的分:以如下形式显示:课程ID,最高分,最低分

SELECT L.C# As 课程ID,L.score AS 最高分,R.score AS 最低分

FROM SC L ,SC AS R

WHERE L.C# = R.C# and

L.score = (SELECT MAX(IL.score)

FROM SC AS IL,Student AS IM

WHERE L.C# = IL.C# and IM.S#=IL.S#

GROUP BY IL.C#)

AND

R.Score

= (SELECT MIN(IR.score)

FROM SC AS IR

WHERE R.C# = IR.C#

GROUP BY IR.C#

);

--19、按各科平均成绩从低到高和及格率的百分数从高到低顺序

SELECT t.C# AS 课程号,max(course.Cname)AS 课程名,isnull(AVG(score),0) AS 平均成绩

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN isnull(score,0)>=60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/COUNT(*) AS 及格百分数

FROM SC T,Course

where t.C#=course.C#

GROUP BY t.C#

ORDER BY 100 * SUM(CASE WHEN isnull(score,0)>=60 THEN 1 ELSE

0 END)/COUNT(*) DESC

--20、查询如下课程平均成绩和及格率的百分数(用"1行"显示): 企业管理(),马克思(),OO&UML (),数据库()

SELECT SUM(CASE WHEN C# ='001' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE C# WHEN '001' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 企业管理平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '001' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '001' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END

) AS 企业管理及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '002' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE C# WHEN '002' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 马克思平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '002' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '002' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 马克思及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '003' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/

SUM(CASE C# WHEN '003' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS UML平均分

,100 * SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '003' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '003' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS UML及格百分数

,SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '004' THEN score ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE C# WHEN '004' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 数据库平均分

,100

* SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '004' AND score >= 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)/SUM(CASE WHEN C# = '004' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS 数据库及格百分数

FROM SC

--21、查询不同老师所教不同课程平均分从高到低显示

SELECT max(Z.T#) AS 教师ID,MAX(Z.Tname) AS 教师姓名,C.C# AS 课程ID,MAX(C.Cname) AS 课程名称,AVG(Score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC AS T,Course AS C ,Teacher AS Z

where T.C#=C.C# and C.T#=Z.T#

GROUP BY C.C#

ORDER BY AVG(Score) DESC

--22、查询如下课程成绩第3 名到第6 名的学生成绩单:企业管理(),马克思(),UML (),数据库()

[学生ID],[学生姓名],企业管理,马克思,UML,数据库,平均成绩

SELECT DISTINCT top 3

SC.S# As 学生学号,

Student.Sname AS 学生姓名 ,

T1.score AS 企业管理,

T2.score AS 马克思,

T3.score AS UML,

T4.score AS 数据库,

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0) as 总分

FROM Student,SC LEFT JOIN SC AS T1

ON SC.S# = T1.S# AND T1.C# = '001'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T2

ON SC.S# = T2.S# AND T2.C# = '002'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T3

ON SC.S# =T3.S# AND T3.C# = '003'

LEFT JOIN SC AS T4

ON SC.S# = T4.S# AND T4.C# = '004'

WHERE student.S#=SC.S# and

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0)

NOT IN

(SELECT

DISTINCT

TOP 15 WITH TIES

ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0)

FROM sc

LEFT JOIN sc AS T1

ON sc.S# = T1.S# AND T1.C#= 'k1'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T2

ON sc.S# = T2.S# AND T2.C# = 'k2'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T3

ON sc.S# = T3.S# AND T3.C# = 'k3'

LEFT JOIN sc AS T4

ON sc.S# = T4.S# AND T4.C# = 'k4'

ORDER BY ISNULL(T1.score,0) + ISNULL(T2.score,0) + ISNULL(T3.score,0) + ISNULL(T4.score,0) DESC);

--23、统计列印各科成绩,各分数段人数:课程ID,课程名称,[100-85],[85-70],[70-60],[ <60]

SELECT SC.C# as 课程ID, Cname as 课程名称

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 85 AND 100 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [100 - 85]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 70 AND 85 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [85 - 70]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score BETWEEN 60 AND 70 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [70 - 60]

,SUM(CASE WHEN score < 60 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS [60 -]

FROM SC,Coursewhere SC.C#=Course.C#

GROUP BY SC.C#,Cname;

 

--24、查询学生平均成绩及其名次

SELECT 1+(SELECT COUNT( distinct 平均成绩)

FROM (SELECT S#,AVG(score) AS 平均成绩

FROM SC

GROUP BY S#

) AS T1

WHERE 平均成绩 > T2.平均成绩) as 名次,

S# as 学生学号,平均成绩

FROM (SELECT S#,AVG(score) 平均成绩

FROM SC

GROUP BY S#

) AS T2

ORDER BY 平均成绩 desc;

 

--25、查询各科成绩前三名的记录:(不考虑成绩并列情况)

SELECT t1.S# as 学生ID,t1.C# as 课程ID,Score as 分数

FROM SC t1

WHERE score IN (SELECT TOP 3 score

FROM SC

WHERE t1.C#= C# ORDER BY score DESC

)

ORDER BY t1.C#;

--26、查询每门课程被选修的学生数

select c#,count(S#) from sc group by C#;

--27、查询出只选修了一门课程的全部学生的学号和姓名

select SC.S#,Student.Sname,count(C#) AS 选课数

from SC ,Student

where SC.S#=Student.S# group by SC.S# ,Student.Sname having count(C#)=1;

--28、查询男生、女生人数

Select count(Ssex) as 男生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex='男';

Select count(Ssex) as 女生人数 from Student group by Ssex having Ssex='女';

--29、查询姓"张"的学生名单

SELECT Sname FROM Student WHERE Sname like '张%';

--30、查询同名同性学生名单,并统计同名人数

select Sname,count(*) from Studentgroup by Sname having count(*)>1;;

--31、年出生的学生名单(注:Student表中Sage列的类型是datetime)

select Sname, CONVERT(char (11),DATEPART(year,Sage)) as age

from student

where CONVERT(char(11),DATEPART(year,Sage))='1981';

--32、查询每门课程的平均成绩,结果按平均成绩升序排列,平均成绩相同时,按课程号降序排列

Select C#,Avg(score) from SC group by C# order by Avg(score),C# DESC ;

--33、查询平均成绩大于的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩

select Sname,SC.S# ,avg(score)

from Student,SC

where Student.S#=SC.S# group by SC.S#,Sname having avg(score)>85;

--34、查询课程名称为"数据库",且分数低于的学生姓名和分数

Select Sname,isnull(score,0)

from Student,SC,Course

where SC.S#=Student.S# and SC.C#=Course.C#and Course.Cname='数据库'and score <60;

--35、查询所有学生的选课情况;

SELECT SC.S#,SC.C#,Sname,Cname

FROM SC,Student,Course

where SC.S#=Student.S# and SC.C#=Course.C# ;

--36、查询任何一门课程成绩在分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数;

SELECT distinct student.S#,student.Sname,SC.C#,SC.score

FROM student,Sc

WHERE SC.score>=70 AND SC.S#=student.S#;

--37、查询不及格的课程,并按课程号从大到小排列

select c# from sc where scor e <60 order by C# ;

--38、查询课程编号为且课程成绩在分以上的学生的学号和姓名;

select SC.S#,Student.Sname from SC,Student where SC.S#=Student.S# and Score>80 and C#='003';

--39、求选了课程的学生人数

select count(*) from sc;

--40、查询选修"叶平"老师所授课程的学生中,成绩最高的学生姓名及其成绩

select Student.Sname,score

from Student,SC,Course C,Teacher

where Student.S#=SC.S# and SC.C#=C.C# and

C.T#=Teacher.T# and Teacher.Tname='叶平' and SC.score=(select max(score)from SC where C#=C.C# );

--41、查询各个课程及相应的选修人数

select count(*) from sc group by C#;

--42、查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学号、课程号、学生成绩

select distinct A.S#,B.score from SC A ,SC B where A.Score=B.Score and A.C# <>B.C# ;

--43、查询每门功成绩最好的前两名

SELECT t1.S# as 学生ID,t1.C# as 课程ID,Score as 分数

FROM SC t1

WHERE score IN (SELECT TOP 2 score

FROM SC

WHERE t1.C#= C#

ORDER BY score DESC

)

ORDER BY t1.C#;

--44、统计每门课程的学生选修人数(超过人的课程才统计)。要求输出课程号和选修人数,查询结果按人数降序排列,查询结果按人数降序排列,若人数相同,按课程号升序排列

select C# as 课程号,count(*) as 人数

from sc

group by C#

order by count(*) desc,c#

--45、检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号

select S#

from sc

group by s#

having count(*) > = 2

--46、查询全部学生都选修的课程的课程号和课程名

select C#,Cname

from Course

where C# in (select c# from sc group by c#)

--47、查询没学过"叶平"老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名

select Sname from Student where S# not in (select S# from Course,Teacher,SC where Course.T#=Teacher.T# and SC.C#=course.C# and Tname='叶平');

--48、查询两门以上不及格课程的同学的学号及其平均成绩

select S#,avg(isnull(score,0)) from SC where S# in (select S# from SC where

score <60 group by S# having count(*)>2)group by S#;

--49、检索""课程分数小于,按分数降序排列的同学学号

select S# from SC where C#='004'and score <60 order by score desc;

--50、删除""同学的""课程的成绩

delete from Sc where S#='001'and C#='001';