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[数据库]MySQL 使用XtraBackup的shell脚本介绍


  mysql_backup.sh是关于MySQL的一个使用XtraBackup做备份的shell脚本,实现了简单的完整备份和增量备份、以及邮件发送备份信息等功能。功能目前还比较简单,后续将继续完善和增加相关功能。参考了网上MySQL备份的脚本,如有不足的地方,欢迎大家拍砖!

1: 使用前,请先做一些配置选项修改,例如备份路径设置、连接数据库的账号密码等等。

2: 在BACKUP_DIR目录下,创建full、incr、logs、scripts四个目录,将mysql_backup.sh放置在scripts目录下。

#!/bin/bash 
 
###################################################################################

# This script is used for MySQL daily backup. it is a package of Xtrabackup shell

# script       #

#                                                                                 #
# #################################################################################
#                                         #
# ScriptName    :    mysql_backup.sh                       #
# Author        :    潇湘隐者                                              #
# CerateDate    :    2016-04-24                                 #
# Blogs        :   www.cnblogs.com/kerrycode                                    #
# @author       :   kerry2008code@qq.com                                          #
#*********************************************************************************#
# Version        Modified Date            Description                             #
#*********************************************************************************#
# V.1.0          2016-04-24          create the script for mysql daily backup     #
###################################################################################
 
 
 
BACKUP_DATE=$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%H_%M_%S)
BACKUP_DIR=/backup/mysql
FULLBACKUP_PATH=$BACKUP_DIR/full
INCRBACKUP_PATH=$BACKUP_DIR/incr
BACKUP_LOG_PATH=$BACKUP_DIR/logs
BACKUP_KEEP_DAY=7
MYSQL_CONF=/usr/my.cnf
INNOBACKUPEX=/usr/bin/innobackupex
MYSQL_CMD=/usr/bin/mysql
MYSQL_CONNECT="--host=127.0.0.1 --user=root --password=123456 --port=3306"
MAIL_FROM="root@`hostname`"
MAIL_TO=konglb@xxx.com
 
error()
{
 echo "$1" 1>&2
 exit 1
}
 
#before the backup, check the system enviroment setting and mysql status and so on
mysql_backup_check()
{
 
    if [ ! -d $FULLBACKUP_PATH ];then
        mkdir -p $FULLBACKUP_PATH
    fi
    
    if [ ! -d $INCRBACKUP_PATH ];then
        mkdir -p $INCRBACKUP_PATH
    fi
    
    if [ ! -d $BACKUP_LOG_PATH ];then
        mkdir -p $BACKUP_LOG_PATH
    fi
    
    
    if [ ! -x $INNOBACKUPEX ];then
       error "$INNOBACKUPEX did not exists"
    fi
    
    if [ ! -x $MYSQL_CMD ];then
       error "mysql client did not exists!"
    fi
    
     mysql_status=`netstat -nl | awk 'NR>2{if ($4 ~ /.*:3306/) {print "Yes";exit 0}}'`  
      
        if [ "$mysql_status" != "Yes" ];then  
          error "MySQL did not start. please check it"  
        fi
   
        if ! `echo 'exit' | $MYSQL_CMD -s $MYSQL_CONNECT` ; then  
         error "please check the user and password is correct!"  
        fi  
}
 
 
xtra_backup()
{
  if [ $# = 2 ];then
        $INNOBACKUPEX --defaults-file=$MYSQL_CONF $MYSQL_CONNECT  --no-timestamp  $1/full_$BACKUP_DATE>$2 2>&1
  elif [ $# = 3 ];then
        $INNOBACKUPEX  --defaults-file=$MYSQL_CONF $MYSQL_CONNECT  --no-timestamp --incremental  $1/incr_$BACKUP_DATE  --incremental-basedir $2 >$3 2>&1
  else
      error "the parameter is not correct"
  fi
}
 
 
lastest_fullback_dir()
{
    if [ -d $1 ]; then
        path=`ls -t $1 |head -n 1`
        if [  $path ]; then
            echo $path
        else
            error "lastest_fullback_dir(): 目录为空,没有最新目录"
        fi
    else
        error "lastest_fullback_dir(): 目录不存在或者不是目录"
    fi
}
 
 
mysql_full_backup()
{
    xtra_backup  $FULLBACKUP_PATH $BACKUP_LOG_PATH/full_$BACKUP_DATE.log
    
    if [ "${PIPESTATUS[0]}" -ne 0 ]; then
        (echo "Subject: MySQL Backup Failed: MySQL Backup failed on `hostname`";
      cat ${BACKUP_LOG_PATH}/full_${BACKUP_DATE}.log;
    ) | /usr/sbin/sendmail -O NoRecipientAction=add-to -f${MAIL_FROM} ${MAIL_TO}
    else
      (echo "Subject: MySQL Backup Success: MySQL Backup failed on `hostname`";
      cat ${BACKUP_LOG_PATH}/full_${BACKUP_DATE}.log;
    ) | /usr/sbin/sendmail -O NoRecipientAction=add-to -f${MAIL_FROM} ${MAIL_TO}
    fi
 
    
    cd $FULLBACKUP_PATH 
    
    ls -t | tail -n +$BACKUP_KEEP_DAY | xargs rm -rf
}
 
mysql_incr_backup()
{
 
  LATEST_FULL_BACKUP=`find $FULLBACKUP_PATH -mindepth 1 -maxdepth 1 -type d -printf "%P\n" | sort -nr | head -1` 
  
  LATEST_FULL_BACKUP_TIME=`stat -c %Y $FULLBACKUP_PATH/$LATEST_FULL_BACKUP`
  
  if [ $LATEST_FULL_BACKUP ];then
        #
        xtra_backup $INCRBACKUP_PATH  $FULLBACKUP_PATH/`lastest_fullback_dir $FULLBACKUP_PATH`  $BACKUP_LOG_PATH/incr_$BACKUP_DATE.log 
  else
        # the first incremental backup need do full backup first 
         xtra_backup $FULLBACKUP_PATH  $BACKUP_LOG_PATH/full_$BACKUP_DATE.log 
         
         if [ "${PIPESTATUS[0]}" -ne 0 ]; then
                        (echo "Subject: MySQL Backup Failed: MySQL Backup failed on `hostname`";
                   cat ${BACKUP_LOG_PATH}/incr_${BACKUP_DATE}.log;
                    ) | /usr/sbin/sendmail -O NoRecipientAction=add-to -f${MAIL_FROM} ${MAIL_TO}
            fi
  fi
  
 
}
 
 
 
case $1 in
 
       full)
          mysql_backup_check
          mysql_full_backup
          ;;
 
        incr)
          mysql_backup_check
          mysql_incr_backup
          ;;
 
         *)
          echo "full backup parameter missed!"
          echo "incr backup parameter missed!"
          ;;
esac