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[操作系统]FIO使用指南


前言

fio是测试IOPS的非常好的工具,用来对硬件进行压力测试和验证,支持13种不同的I/O引擎,包括:sync,mmap, libaio, posixaio, SG v3, splice, null, network, syslet, guasi, solarisaio 等等。

测试准备

工具:fio - Flexible IO Tester

官方网站:

http://freecode.com/projects/fio

http://brick.kernel.dk/snaps/

 

注意: 性能测试建议直接通过写裸盘的方式进行测试,会得到较为真实的数据。但直接测试裸盘会破坏文件系统结构,导致数据丢失,请在测试前确认磁盘中数据已备份。

CentOS可以直接使用yum安装

#yum安装yum install libaio-devel fio#手动安装yum install libaio-develwget http://brick.kernel.dk/snaps/fio-2.2.10.tar.gztar -zxvf fio-2.2.10.tar.gzcd fio-2.2.10make $ make install
For gfio, gtk 2.18 (or newer), associated glib threads, and cairo are required
to be installed.  gfio isn't built automatically and can be enabled
with a --enable-gfio option to configure.
 
示例:
对磁盘进行1024K顺序写
fio cap_1024K_seq_write
[global]
ioengine=libaio
bs=1024K
rw=write
ramp_time=6
runtime=300
direct=1
iodepth=16
#rwmixwrite=20
time_based
[test]
filename=/dev/sda
numjobs=1

结果:
test: (g=0): rw=write, bs=1M-1M/1M-1M/1M-1M, ioengine=libaio, iodepth=16
fio-2.8
Starting 1 process
Jobs: 1 (f=1): [W(1)] [100.0% done] [0KB/68198KB/0KB /s] [0/66/0 iops] [eta 00m:00s]
test: (groupid=0, jobs=1): err= 0: pid=4676: Thu Apr  7 17:22:37 2016
  write: io=20075MB, bw=68464KB/s, iops=66, runt=300255msec   #执行多少IO,平均带宽,线程运行时间
    slat (usec): min=51, max=5732, avg=291.11, stdev=262.47          #提交延迟
    clat (usec): min=1, max=2235.8K, avg=239043.28, stdev=153384.41   #完成延迟
     lat (usec): min=367, max=2235.9K, avg=239337.72, stdev=153389.57 #响应时间
    clat percentiles (usec):
     |  1.00th=[  221],  5.00th=[  442], 10.00th=[ 1004], 20.00th=[108032],
     | 30.00th=[228352], 40.00th=[248832], 50.00th=[257024], 60.00th=[268288],
     | 70.00th=[280576], 80.00th=[301056], 90.00th=[342016], 95.00th=[477184],
     | 99.00th=[806912], 99.50th=[864256], 99.90th=[1122304], 99.95th=[1171456],
     | 99.99th=[1646592]
    bw (KB  /s): min=  170, max=204800, per=100.00%, avg=68755.07, stdev=27034.84
    lat (usec) : 2=0.01%, 4=0.13%, 50=0.06%, 100=0.26%, 250=1.04%
    lat (usec) : 500=4.53%, 750=2.61%, 1000=1.33%
    lat (msec) : 2=1.18%, 4=0.15%, 10=0.77%, 20=0.77%, 50=1.50%
    lat (msec) : 100=4.43%, 250=23.48%, 500=53.23%, 750=3.09%, 1000=1.30%
    lat (msec) : 2000=0.19%, >=2000=0.01%
  cpu          : usr=0.03%, sys=2.11%, ctx=19066, majf=0, minf=7
  IO depths    : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=103.8%, 32=0.0%, >=64=0.0%   #io队列
     submit    : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%  #单个IO提交要提交的IO数
     complete  : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.1%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%  
     issued    : total=r=0/w=20060/d=0, short=r=0/w=0/d=0, drop=r=0/w=0/d=0
     latency   : target=0, window=0, percentile=100.00%, depth=16    #IO完延迟的分布
 
Run status group 0 (all jobs):
  WRITE: io=20075MB, aggrb=68464KB/s(group总带宽), minb=68464KB/s(最小平均带宽), maxb=68464KB/s(最大平均带宽), mint=300255msec(group中线程的最短运行时间), maxt=300255msec(group中线程的最长运行时间)
 
Disk stats (read/write):
  sda: ios=23/41769(所有group总共执行的IO数), merge=0/149(总共发生的IO合并数), ticks=706/9102766(Number of ticks we kept the disk busy), in_queue=9105836(花费在队列上的总共时间), util=100.00%(磁盘利用率)

 

FAQ:
1.执行报:No package 'gtk+-2.0' found,No package 'gthread-2.0' found,configure: gtk and gthread not found
   A:yum install gtk2-devel
2.执行fio -name test -runtime=30 -filename=/dev/sda3 -ioengine=libaio -direct=1 -bs=1024K -iodepth=16 -rw=write -time_based:
   报:fio: /dev/sda3 appears mounted, and 'allow_mounted_write' isn't set. Aborting.
   A:对sda压测