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[操作系统]iOS通讯录开发


场景一:直接选择一个联系人的电话号码

这里不需要先获取所有的联系人自己做联系人列表,直接使用系统自带的AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h就好。

首先需要引入如下三个文件

#import <AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h>#import <AddressBook/ABPerson.h>#import <AddressBookUI/ABPersonViewController.h>

然后初始化ABPeoplePickerNavigationController。

ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *nav = [[ABPeoplePickerNavigationController alloc] init];nav.peoplePickerDelegate = self;if(IOS8_OR_LATER){  nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false];}[self presentViewController:nav animated:YES completion:nil];

在iOS8之后,需要添加nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false];这一段代码,否则选择联系人之后会直接dismiss,不能进入详情选择电话。

最后设置代理

//取消选择- (void)peoplePickerNavigationControllerDidCancel:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker{  [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];}

iOS8下

- (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier {  ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);  long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier);  NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index);  if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) {    phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3];  }  phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""];  NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO);  if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) {    phoneNum = phoneNO;    [self.tableView reloadData];    [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];    return;  }}- (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController*)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person{  ABPersonViewController *personViewController = [[ABPersonViewController alloc] init];  personViewController.displayedPerson = person;  [peoplePicker pushViewController:personViewController animated:YES];}

iOS7下

- (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person{  return YES;}- (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier{  ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);  long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier);  NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index);  if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) {    phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3];  }  phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""];  NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO);  if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) {    phoneNum = phoneNO;    [self.tableView reloadData];    [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];    return NO;  }  return YES;}
效果演示
效果演示

场景二:读取通讯录

这里需要读取通讯录数据。
首先引入头文件
#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>

其次根据权限生成通讯录

- (void)loadPerson{  ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL);  if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {    ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBookRef, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error){      CFErrorRef *error1 = NULL;      ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error1);      [self copyAddressBook:addressBook];    });  }  else if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized){    CFErrorRef *error = NULL;    ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error);    [self copyAddressBook:addressBook];  }  else {    dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{      // 更新界面      [hud turnToError:@"没有获取通讯录权限"];    });  }}

然后循环获取每个联系人的信息,建议自己建个model存起来。

- (void)copyAddressBook:(ABAddressBookRef)addressBook{  CFIndex numberOfPeople = ABAddressBookGetPersonCount(addressBook);  CFArrayRef people = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBook);  for ( int i = 0; i < numberOfPeople; i++){    ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(people, i);    NSString *firstName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty));    NSString *lastName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty));   //读取middlename    NSString *middlename = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNameProperty);    //读取prefix前缀    NSString *prefix = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPrefixProperty);    //读取suffix后缀    NSString *suffix = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonSuffixProperty);    //读取nickname呢称    NSString *nickname = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNicknameProperty);    //读取firstname拼音音标    NSString *firstnamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNamePhoneticProperty);    //读取lastname拼音音标    NSString *lastnamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNamePhoneticProperty);    //读取middlename拼音音标    NSString *middlenamePhonetic = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNamePhoneticProperty);    //读取organization公司    NSString *organization = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonOrganizationProperty);    //读取jobtitle工作    NSString *jobtitle = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonJobTitleProperty);    //读取department部门    NSString *department = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDepartmentProperty);    //读取birthday生日    NSDate *birthday = (NSDate*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonBirthdayProperty);    //读取note备忘录    NSString *note = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNoteProperty);    //第一次添加该条记录的时间    NSString *firstknow = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonCreationDateProperty);    NSLog(@"第一次添加该条记录的时间%@\n",firstknow);    //最后一次修改該条记录的时间    NSString *lastknow = (NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonModificationDateProperty);    NSLog(@"最后一次修改該条记录的时间%@\n",lastknow);    //获取email多值    ABMultiValueRef email = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonEmailProperty);    int emailcount = ABMultiValueGetCount(email);      for (int x = 0; x < emailcount; x++)    {      //获取email Label      NSString* emailLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(email, x));      //获取email值      NSString* emailContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(email, x);    }    //读取地址多值    ABMultiValueRef address = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonAddressProperty);    int count = ABMultiValueGetCount(address);      for(int j = 0; j < count; j++)    {      //获取地址Label      NSString* addressLabel = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(address, j);      //获取該label下的地址6属性      NSDictionary* personaddress =(NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(address, j);          NSString* country = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryKey];      NSString* city = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCityKey];      NSString* state = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStateKey];      NSString* street = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStreetKey];      NSString* zip = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressZIPKey];      NSString* coutntrycode = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryCodeKey];    }    //获取dates多值    ABMultiValueRef dates = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDateProperty);    int datescount = ABMultiValueGetCount(dates);      for (int y = 0; y < datescount; y++)    {      //获取dates Label      NSString* datesLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(dates, y));      //获取dates值      NSString* datesContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(dates, y);    }    //获取kind值    CFNumberRef recordType = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonKindProperty);    if (recordType == kABPersonKindOrganization) {      // it's a company      NSLog(@"it's a company\n");    } else {      // it's a person, resource, or room      NSLog(@"it's a person, resource, or room\n");    }    //获取IM多值    ABMultiValueRef instantMessage = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonInstantMessageProperty);    for (int l = 1; l < ABMultiValueGetCount(instantMessage); l++)    {      //获取IM Label      NSString* instantMessageLabel = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(instantMessage, l);      //获取該label下的2属性      NSDictionary* instantMessageContent =(NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(instantMessage, l);          NSString* username = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageUsernameKey];      NSString* service = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageServiceKey];       }    //读取电话多值    ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);    for (int k = 0; k<ABMultiValueGetCount(phone); k++)    {      //获取电话Label      NSString * personPhoneLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(phone, k));      //获取該Label下的电话值      NSString * personPhone = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, k);    }    //获取URL多值    ABMultiValueRef url = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonURLProperty);    for (int m = 0; m < ABMultiValueGetCount(url); m++)    {      //获取电话Label      NSString * urlLabel = (NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(url, m));      //获取該Label下的电话值      NSString * urlContent = (NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(url,m);    }    //读取照片    NSData *image = (NSData*)ABPersonCopyImageData(person);  }}

效果:

2015-04-06 16_30_54.gif
2015-04-06 16_30_54.gif