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[ASP.net教程]Centos 安装配置gerrit


 

关闭selinux,不然nginx的反向代理会报错connect() to 127.0.0.1:8080 failed (13: Permission denied) while connecting to upstream,或者使用这个命令:

setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1

关闭selinux:

修改/etc/selinux/config 文件

将SELINUX=enforcing改为SELINUX=disabled

reboot

 

首先安装jdk

yum install java java-devel,如果直接yum install java会自动找到相应的包的,我这里安装的是openjdk的1.7.0版本,目录可以自己看到。

配置java环境变量:

vim /etc/profile

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.99-2.6.5.0.el7_2.x86_64export JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jreexport CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JRE_HOME/lib:$CLASSPATHexport PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:$PATH

然后source /etc/profile

javac有输出说明安装成功

安装mysql,请看http://www.cnblogs.com/juandx/p/5208613.html

然后给gerrit建一个库,并且授权

mysql> create database gerritdb;Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gerritdb.* TO 'gerrituser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gerritpass';Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gerritdb.* TO 'gerrituser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'gerritpass';

 

下载gerrit的java包https://www.gerritcodereview.com/download/gerrit-2.12.2.war

然后安装就行啦,这里会提示你很多选择

[gerrit@gerrit ~]$ java -jar gerrit-2.12.2.war init -d review_siteUsing secure store: com.google.gerrit.server.securestore.DefaultSecureStore*** Gerrit Code Review 2.12.2*** *** Git Repositories*** Location of Git repositories  [/home/gerrit/git]:     这里一定要写git放的目录,没有的话自己会创建的*** SQL Database*** Database server type      [mysql]:           db这个不用说吧Server hostname        [localhost]: Server port          [(mysql default)]: Database name         [gerritdb]: Database username       [gerrituser]: Change gerrituser's password  [y/N]? *** Index*** Type              [LUCENE/?]:             默认就好,直接回车The index must be rebuilt before starting Gerrit: java -jar gerrit.war reindex -d site_path*** User Authentication*** Authentication method     [HTTP/?]:              一定要写http,不然就不是反向代理了,写development_become_any_account就随意登陆了Get username from custom HTTP header [Y/n]? n            一定要n,不然反向代理gerrit报错为缺少一个y的headerSSO logout URL         : Enable signed push support   [y/N]? n*** Email Delivery*** SMTP server hostname      [smtp.163.com]:            25端口是163的smtpSMTP server port        [25]: SMTP encryption        [NONE/?]: SMTP username         [littlexiaowen@163.com]: Change littlexiaowen@163.com's password [y/N]? *** Container Process*** Run as             [gerrit]:               这是用户,root也可以Java runtime          [/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.99-2.6.5.0.el7_2.x86_64/jre]: Upgrade review_site/bin/gerrit.war [Y/n]? yCopying gerrit-2.12.2.war to review_site/bin/gerrit.war*** SSH Daemon*** Listen on address       [*]: Listen on port         [29418]: *** HTTP Daemon*** Behind reverse proxy      [Y/n]? yProxy uses SSL (https://)   [y/N]? nSubdirectory on proxy server  [/]: Listen on address       [127.0.0.1]: Listen on port         [8081]: Canonical URL         [http://gerrit.wenbin.com]: *** Plugins*** Installing plugins.Install plugin singleusergroup version v2.12.2 [Y/n]? yversion v2.12.2 is already installed, overwrite it [Y/n]? yInstall plugin commit-message-length-validator version v2.12.2 [Y/n]? yversion v2.12.2 is already installed, overwrite it [Y/n]? yInstall plugin reviewnotes version v2.12.2 [Y/n]? yversion v2.12.2 is already installed, overwrite it [Y/n]? yInstall plugin replication version v2.12.2 [Y/n]? yversion v2.12.2 is already installed, overwrite it [Y/n]? yInstall plugin download-commands version v2.12.2 [Y/n]? yversion v2.12.2 is already installed, overwrite it [Y/n]? yInitializing plugins.No plugins found with init steps.Initialized /home/gerrit/review_site[gerrit@gerrit ~]$ vim review_site/etc/gerrit.config [gerrit@gerrit ~]$ vim sshd_log ^C[gerrit@gerrit ~]$ ./review_site/bin/gerrit.sh restartStopping Gerrit Code Review: OKStarting Gerrit Code Review: OK[gerrit@gerrit ~]$

 

没办法,报错了很多,遇到了很多问题,但是也知道了反向代理的原理,httpd和nginx的设置,知道了原来nginx这么好用, 并发量还这么好,以后要多多了解,单线程解决并发速度更快,算法很好,错的越多学的越多吧,一定要多看log啊

/review_gerrit/etc/gerrit.conf

[gerrit]    basePath = /home/gerrit/git    canonicalWebUrl = http://gerrit.wenbin.com[database]    type = mysql    hostname = localhost    database = gerritdb    username = gerrituser[index]    type = LUCENE[auth]    type = HTTP[receive]    enableSignedPush = false[sendemail]    smtpServer = smtp.163.com    smtpServerPort = 25    smtpUser = littlexiaowen@163.com
from=CodeReview<littlexiaowen@163.com> 这行是自己加的,不然注册的时候会提示失败,这里不用写密码,密码是写在security里的另一个文件里[container] user = gerrit javaHome = /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.7.0-openjdk-1.7.0.99-2.6.5.0.el7_2.x86_64/jre[sshd] listenAddress = *:29418[httpd] listenUrl = proxy-http://127.0.0.1:8081/[cache] directory = cache

看到网上有一种修改邮件发送方式的方法:ssh ha gerrit set-account --add-email user99@163.com user99,还没有试过 

 

先生存一个http的认证文件,创建admin用户

# htpasswd -c /passwords admin

然后会提示输入密码

 

安装nginx  yum install nginx

/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

...
# for more information. include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf; server { listen 80; server_name gerrit.wenbin.com; root /usr/share/nginx/html; # Load configuration files for the default server block. include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf; location / { auth_basic "Gerrit Code Review"; auth_basic_user_file /passwords; proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8081; proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr; proxy_set_header Host $host; } error_page 404 /404.html; location = /40x.html { } error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { } }

systemctl restart nginx就可以了 

 

如果使用apache,那么yum install httpd,更改配置文件

/etc/httpd/httpd.conf

 

# Defaults if commented: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off##EnableMMAP offEnableSendfile on# Supplemental configuration## Load config files in the "/etc/httpd/conf.d" directory, if any.IncludeOptional conf.d/*.conf
#增加下面这些<VirtualHost *:80> ProxyRequests Off ProxyVia Off ProxyPreserveHost On <Proxy *> Order deny,allow Allow from all </Proxy> <Location /> AuthType Basic AuthName "Gerrit Code Review" Require valid-user AuthUserFile /passwords </Location> ProxyPass / http://127.0.0.1:8081/</VirtualHost>

 

systemctl resatrt httpd

如果nginx报错不能连接到8081端口,可能是selinux没有关

设置开机启动

sudo cp etc/gerrit.config /etc/init.d/gerrit

sudo ln -snf /etc/init.d/gerrit /etc/rc2.d/S90gerrit

sudo ln -snf /etc/init.d/gerrit /etc/rc3.d/S90gerrit

 

这样就安装成功了,哎。。。遇到的问题是gerrit repository not found: All-Projects,这样是发现没有在第二个回答中写git目录,如果再次出现这个错误,那就先在mysql中drop再create一遍db就好了。。。

 

在/review_gerrit/bin/gerrit.sh中实际代码第一行加入

GERRIT_SITE=/home/gerrit/review_site

执行/home/gerrit/review_site/bin/gerrit.sh就可以启动gerrit了

 

这样在浏览器中访问域名或者ip地址就ok了,输入admin的用户名和密码就可以看到界面了。

会提示注册邮箱,自己注册个就行了,

在右上角点击用户,选setting设置ssh-key

在主机上执行 ssh-keygen -C ***@163.com

把公钥放进页面的sshkey

 

这样就可以了,下面就需要把gitlab,gerrit,jenkins配置起来