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[网页设计]CSS笔记——padding,margin为百分比计算时的参照对象


div的padding为百分比的两种情况


padding-top,padding-bottom,margin-top,margin-bottom 是百分比时是按照当前元素的父级元素的宽度来计算的

 

1. 当div的宽度是百分比时

html代码

<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta chaset="utf-8"><title>无标题</title><style type="text/css">html,body{margin:0;padding:0;height:100%;}.row{width:100%;}.row:before , .row:after{display: block;content:'';height: 0;clear:both;}.col-md-4{float: left;width:33.33%;}.blue-bg{padding-top: 33.33%;background-color: #428bca;}.red-bg{padding-top: 33.33%;background-color: red;}.yellow-bg{padding-top: 33.33%;background-color: yellow;}.container{width:100%;}</style></head><body><div ><div ><div ></div><div ></div><div ></div></div></div></body></html>

效果图

 

 

2. 当div的宽度是具体像素时

html

<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width , initial-scale=1"><meta chaset="utf-8">	<title>无标题</title>	<style type="text/css">		html,body{			margin:0;			padding:0;			height:100%;		}		.row{			width:100%;		}		.row:before , .row:after{			display: block;			content:'';			height: 0;			clear:both;		}		.col-md-4{			float: left;			width:100px;		}		.blue-bg{			padding-top: 100%;			background-color: #428bca;		}		.red-bg{			padding-top: 100%;			background-color: red;		}		.yellow-bg{			padding-top: 100%;			background-color: yellow;		}		.container{			width:100%;		}	</style></head><body>	<div >		<div >			<div ></div>			<div ></div>			<div ></div>		</div>	</div></body></html>

效果图