你的位置:首页 > 操作系统

[操作系统]linux pstack命令总结


pstack命令用来显示进程的栈跟踪。 pstack 命令必须由相应进程的属主或root账号运行。可以使用pstack来确定进程挂起的位置。此命令只有一个参数,那就是pid,具体关于pstack的介绍可以查看man手册,如下所示:

[root@DB-Server ~]# man pstack
PSTACK(1)                  Linux Programmer’s Manual                 PSTACK(1)
 
NAME
       pstack - print a stack trace of a running process
 
SYNOPSIS
       pstack pid
 
DESCRIPTION
       pstack  attaches  to  the active process named by the pid on the command line, and prints out an execution stack trace.  If ELF symbols exist in the binary (usually the case
       unless you have run strip(1)), then symbolic addresses are printed as well.
 
       If the process is part of a thread group, then pstack will print out a stack trace for each of the threads in the group.
 
SEE ALSO
       nm(1), ptrace(2), gdb(1)
 
AUTHORS
       Ross Thompson <ross@whatsis.com>
 
       Red Hat, Inc. <http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla>
 
Red Hat Linux                     Dec 17 2004                        PSTACK(1)
(END) 


例如我们可以使用pstack命令来查看Oracle监听进程的栈跟踪,如下所示

1: 首先找到监听进程的进程号

[oracle@DB-Server~]$ ps -ef | grep lsn
 
oracle 12027 11806 0 11:18 pts/1 00:00:00 grep lsn
 
oracle 31440 1 0 Mar04 ? 00:01:41 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit


2: 将监听进程的栈跟踪信息写入文件lsn_pstack.log

[oracle@DB-Server~]$ pstack 31440 >> lsn_pstack.log
 
[oracle@DB-Server~]$ pstack 31440 >> lsn_pstack.log
 
[oracle@DB-Server~]$ pstack 31440 >> lsn_pstack.log
 
[oracle@DB-Server~]$


3:如下所示,我们可以看到函数调用关系为:main->nsglma->nsevwait->ntevque->ntevpque->poll.

[oracle@DB-Server~]$ more lsn_pstack.log 
#0  0x0000003c7d0cb65f in poll () from /lib64/libc.so.6
#1  0x00007f82c63292e7 in ntevpque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#2  0x00007f82c6326aab in ntevque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#3  0x00007f82c62fc81e in nsevwait () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#4  0x00000000004108d9 in nsglma ()
#5  0x0000000000405abd in main ()
#0  0x0000003c7d0cb65f in poll () from /lib64/libc.so.6
#1  0x00007f82c63292e7 in ntevpque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#2  0x00007f82c6326aab in ntevque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#3  0x00007f82c62fc81e in nsevwait () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#4  0x00000000004108d9 in nsglma ()
#5  0x0000000000405abd in main ()
#0  0x0000003c7d0cb65f in poll () from /lib64/libc.so.6
#1  0x00007f82c63292e7 in ntevpque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#2  0x00007f82c6326aab in ntevque () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#3  0x00007f82c62fc81e in nsevwait () from /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/lib/libclntsh.so.10.1
#4  0x00000000004108d9 in nsglma ()
#5  0x0000000000405abd in main ()
[oracle@DB-Server~]$