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[数据库]【OEM】OEM安装维护


【OEM】OEM安装维护

一.1  BLOG文档结构图

wpsDC25.tmp 

 

 

一.2  前言部分

 

一.2.1  导读和注意事项

各位技术爱好者,看完本文后,你可以掌握如下的技能,也可以学到一些其它你所不知道的知识,~O(∩_∩)O~:

① oem安装和维护

② OEM各种错误解决

 

  Tips:

       ① 若文章代码格式有错乱,推荐使用搜狗、QQ或360浏览器,也可以下载pdf格式的文档来查看,pdf文档下载地址:http://yunpan.cn/cdEQedhCs2kFz (提取码:ed9b) 

       ② 本篇BLOG中命令的输出部分需要特别关注的地方我都用灰色背景和粉红色字体来表示,比如下边的例子中,thread 1的最大归档日志号为33,thread 2的最大归档日志号为43是需要特别关注的地方;而命令一般使用黄色背景和红色字体标注;对代码或代码输出部分的注释一般采用蓝色字体表示。

 

  List of Archived Logs in backup set 11

  Thrd Seq     Low SCN    Low Time            Next SCN   Next Time

  ---- ------- ---------- ------------------- ---------- ---------

  1    32      1621589    2015-05-29 11:09:52 1625242    2015-05-29 11:15:48

  1    33      1625242    2015-05-29 11:15:48 1625293    2015-05-29 11:15:58

  2    42      1613951    2015-05-29 10:41:18 1625245    2015-05-29 11:15:49

  2    43      1625245    2015-05-29 11:15:49 1625253    2015-05-29 11:15:53

 

 

 

[ZFXXDB1:root]:/>lsvg -o

T_XDESK_APP1_vg

rootvg

[ZFXXDB1:root]:/>

00:27:22 SQL> alter tablespace idxtbs read write;

 

 

====》2097152*512/1024/1024/1024=1G 

 

 

 

 

 

本文如有错误或不完善的地方请大家多多指正,ITPUB留言或QQ皆可,您的批评指正是我写作的最大动力。

 

一.3  OEM安装维护总结

 

我安装过几次EM,出现过很多问题,几经周折,总结了如下的内容,实在不能解决就重新创建吧,重新创建可以解决99%的问题,这里把需要注意的一些前提列出来:

1. 数据库必须使用服务器模式的,不能使用客户端模式的,客户端模式有很多文件不存在(从$ORACLE_HOME的db_1或者client_1也可以识别)

2. 数据库服务器的ip地址必须是静态的,不能是dhcp动态获取,动态获取可能导致em运行缓慢,还可能导致服务器ip地址改变等问题,也可能导致em启动后又自动关闭等问题

3. 数据库服务器的hostname不能随便修改,修改后em肯定不能用了

4. 安装过程中出现问题的时候认真查看日志,安装日志路径:$ORACLE_HOME/cfgtoollogs\emca\

5. OEM运行日志:$ORACLE_HOME/$hostname_$oracle_sid/sysman/log

6. 建议重新创建,在oracle用户下:
单机: emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate
集群: emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate -cluster

若是集群环境,则在创建之前先在grid用户下执行如下代码:

-----sqlplus / as sysasm ASM实例 GRID 用户下执行

SYS@+ASM1> create user asmsnmp identified by xxx;

SYS@+ASM1> grant sysdba to asmsnmp;

SYS@+ASM1> alter user asmsnmp identified by xxx;

SYS@+ASM1> alter system set remote_listener='(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=ZFXDESKDB-scan)(PORT=1521))))' sid='*';

    SYS@+ASM1> alter system register;

7. 启动和关闭维护命令,oracle用户下:export ORACLE_UNQNAME=$DB_UNIQUE_NAME ,数据库唯一名,进程:ps -ef| grep em

    启动: emctl stop dbconsole

关闭: emctl stop dbconsole

运行状态:emctl status dbconsole

8. Rac集群环境在其中一个节点上安装,其他节点也可以查询,为EM Daemon,如:

[ZFXDESKDB2:oracle]:/oracle>export ORACLE_UNQNAME=oraESKDB

[ZFXDESKDB2:oracle]:/oracle>emctl status dbconsole

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0

Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://ZFXDESKDB1:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

EM Daemon is running.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Logs are generated in directory /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/zfxdeskdb2_oraESKDB/sysman/log

 

 

 

 

一.4  OEM简介(网络摘抄)

Oracle 10g企业管理器(Oracle Enterprise Manager)简称OEM,是一个基于Java的框架系统,该系统集成了多个组件,为用户提供了一个功能强大的图形用户界面。

1.      OEM的功能

(1) 管理完整的Oracle 10g环境,包括数据库、iAS服务器、应用程序和服务。

(2) 诊断、修改和优化多个数据库。

(3) 在多个系统上,按不同的时间间隔调度服务。

(4) 通过网络管理数据库的约束条件。

(5) 管理来自不同位置的多个网络节点和服务。

(6) 和其他管理员共享任务。

(7) 将相关的服务组合在一起,便于对任务的管理。

(8) 启动集成的Oracle10g第三方工具。

 

2.     OEM的管理工具

(1)     例程管理。对数据库执行以下管理操作:

①     查看和编辑实例(Instance)参数值。

②     管理用户会话,查看当前运行的SQL及其解释计划。

③      管理分布式Internet计算环境中没有及时解决的事务处理冲突。

④     监视需要长时间运行的操作。

⑤     通过资源计划控制处理资源。

⑥     管理已存储配置。

⑦     管理占用资源数量最多的锁和会话。

OEM的管理工具

(2)     方案管理。使用方案管理器来管理方案对象,如表、索引、视图和触发器等。利用它可以实现下列功能:

① 创建方案对象。

② 修改方案对象。

③ 删除方案对象。

④ 显示方案对象的相关性。

(3) 安全管理。DBA使用安全管理器可以完成以下操作:

① 创建用户、角色和概要文件。

② 修改用户、角色和概要文件。

③ 删除用户、角色和概要文件。

④ 向数据库用户授予权限和角色。

2.     OEM的管理工具

(4)     存储管理。使用存储管理器可管理表空间、回滚段、数据文件和重做日

         志等存储对象。利用它可以进行以下操作:

①     创建存储对象。

②     将数据文件和回滚段添加到表空间中。

③     删除存储对象。

④    将对象脱机或联机。

⑤    显示对象的相关性。

一.5  OEM命令(网络摘抄)

 创建一个EM资料库

emca -repos create


重建一个EM资料库

emca -repos recreate


删除一个EM资料库

emca -repos drop


配置数据库的 Database Control

emca -config dbcontrol db


删除数据库的 Database Control配置

emca -deconfig dbcontrol db


重新配置db control的端口,默认端口在1158

emca -reconfig ports
emca -reconfig ports -dbcontrol_http_port 1160

emca -reconfig ports -agent_port 3940

注:查看端口号可查如下路径。<oracle_Home/install/portlist.ini>


 


配置dbconsole的步骤

emca -repos create

emca -config dbcontrol db

emctl start dbconsole


重新配置dbconsole的步骤

emca -repos drop

emca -repos create

emca -config dbcontrol db

emctl start dbconsole

 

emctl start dbconsole   -----启动控制台服务

emctl stop dbconsole   -----关闭控制台服务

emctl status dbconsole  -----查看控制台服务状态

 

命令如下:
emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate  ---建议重新创建

emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

 

emca -repos drop

emca -deconfig dbcontrol db

 

drop user sysman cascade;

drop role MGMT_USER;

drop user MGMT_VIEW cascade;

 

一.6  启动OEM

先设置ORACLE_SID环境变量后,停止EM console服务

emctl stop dbconsole
先设置ORACLE_SID环境变量后,查看EM console服务的状态

emctl status dbconsole

[oracle@rhel_linux_asm ~]$ emctl status dbconsole

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.1.0

Copyright (c) 1996, 2009 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

http://192.168.128.131:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g is not running.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/192.168.128.131_orclasm/sysman/log

[oracle@rhel_linux_asm ~]$

 

先设置ORACLE_SID环境变量后,启动EM console服务

emctl start dbconsole

[oracle@rhel_linux_asm ~]$ emctl start dbconsole

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.1.0

Copyright (c) 1996, 2009 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

http://192.168.128.131:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control .................. started.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Logs are generated in directory /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/192.168.128.131_orclasm/sysman/log

[oracle@rhel_linux_asm ~]$

访问浏览器:http://192.168.128.131:1158/em/

wpsDC35.tmp 

这个说明监听没有启动

一.7  其他问题解决(网络摘抄+个人案例)

一.7.1  Environment variable ORACLE_SID not defined.

1、 打开cmd,输入 emctl start dbconsole
将会有错误信息提示,如果没有设置ORACLE_SID 则提示
Environment variable ORACLE_SID not defined. Please define it.

(设置ORACLE_SID:打开cmd,输入set ORACLE_SID=orcl(实例名),即可)

 

一.7.2  oc4j configration issue--hostname 变动了

 

解决方案:

 

 

1. EM Configuration issue. c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1/lhr_$oracle_unqname not found.

 

办法:set oracle_unqname=$oracle_sid

 

2. OC4JConfigurationissue.c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_lhr_$oracle_sid not found.

 

办法:set oracle_sid=orcl

 

3. OC4JConfigurationissue.c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_mcfg.sandai.net_orcl not found.

 

 

4. Environment variable ORACLE_UNQNAME not defined. Please set ORACLE_UNQNAME to database unique name

解决方法:

     在启动的时候先设置一下:   set oracle_unqname=$ORACLE_SID

 

一.7.3  OC4J Configuration issue. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_192.168.128.134_orclasm not found.

 

重建oem吧,可能你的oem根本就没有建立吧。。。。

 

一.7.4  Can't locate CompEMdbconsole.pm in @INC

该问题的意思就是不能加载CompEMdbconsole.pm 文件,去相应的目录看看有没有,没有的话就到其它地方拷贝文件过来吧。locate 就是 位于,查找。。。。的意思,,,,,英语呀

 

[oracle@lhr_linux ~]$ emctl

Can't locate CompEMdbconsole.pm in @INC (@INC contains: %s_javapOracleHome%/sysman/admin/scripts %s_javapOracleHome%/bin /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib/5.10.0/i686-linux-thread-multi /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib/5.10.0 /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib/site_perl/5.10.0/i686-linux-thread-multi /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib/site_perl/5.10.0 /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/lib/site_perl /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/libwww-perl/lib /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/ext/POSIX /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/URI /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/HTML_Parser /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/perl/HTML-Parser/lib /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/sysman/admin/scripts /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/bin /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/sysman/admin/scripts/Net-DNS-0.48/lib/ /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/sysman/admin/scripts/libnet-1.19/ .) at /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/bin/EmctlCommon.pm line 638.

 

 

 

1. Can't locate CompEMdbconsole.pm in @INC造成的问题

Set the environment correctly for the Database ORACLE_HOME:

Unix:

export ORACLE_HOME=
export ORACLE_SID=
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

$ORACLE_HOME/bin: emctl start dbconsole

Windows:

set ORACLE_HOME=
set ORACLE_SID=
set PATH=$ORACLE_HOME\bin:$PATH

$ORACLE_HOME\bin: emctl start dbconsole

我看了下目录$ORACLE_HOME\bin文件 perl模块没有,可能解压出问题,由于perl是跨平台的语言,直接找个相应的版本复制一下,把comp和db开头的pm复制到$ORACLE_HOME\bin下,大约9个文件吧,或者把pm文件全部拷贝过去吧,大约34个文件

一.7.5  EM Configuration issue. /opt/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost.localdomain_ocmdb not found.

2.由于ip地址改动的问题EM报

[oracle@localhost bin]$ emctl status
EM Configuration issue. /opt/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/localhost.localdomain_ocmdb not found.

 

 

一.7.6  SEVERE: Listener is not up or database service is not registered with it

问题表现如下:

[oracle@xbfye7l01 db_home]$ emca -config dbcontrol db

………………

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:48 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_15_09_45_23.log.

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Listener is not up or database service is not registered with it. Start the Listener and register database service and run EM Configuration Assistant again .

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_15_09_45_23.log for more details.

Could not complete the configuration. Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_15_09_45_23.log for more details.

[oracle@xbfye7l01 db_home]$

 

查看日志:

 

[oracle@xbfye7l01 db_home]$ tail -100 /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_15_09_45_23.log

g 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineLoacly

CONFIG: SQLEngine created successfully and connected

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.ParamsManager checkListenerStatusForDBControl

CONFIG: ORA-12541: TNS:no listener

 

oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLFatalErrorException: ORA-12541: TNS:no listener

 

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLEngine.executeImpl(SQLEngine.java:1650)

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLEngine.executeSql(SQLEngine.java:1898)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.ParamsManager.checkListenerStatusForDBControl(ParamsManager.java:3230)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.unlockMGMTAccount(EMReposConfig.java:1000)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:345)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:157)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig.perform(EMConfig.java:253)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.invokeEMCA(EMConfigAssistant.java:589)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.performConfiguration(EMConfigAssistant.java:1448)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.statusMain(EMConfigAssistant.java:573)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.main(EMConfigAssistant.java:521)

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Listener is not up or database service is not registered with it. Start the Listener and register database service and run EM Configuration Assistant again .

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_15_09_45_23.log for more details.

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

CONFIG: Stack Trace:

oracle.sysman.emcp.exception.EMConfigException: Listener is not up or database service is not registered with it. Start the Listener and register database service and run EM Configuration Assistant again .

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.ParamsManager.checkListenerStatusForDBControl(ParamsManager.java:3245)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.unlockMGMTAccount(EMReposConfig.java:1000)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:345)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:157)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig.perform(EMConfig.java:253)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.invokeEMCA(EMConfigAssistant.java:589)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.performConfiguration(EMConfigAssistant.java:1448)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.statusMain(EMConfigAssistant.java:573)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.main(EMConfigAssistant.java:521)

Aug 15, 2012 9:45:49 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig restoreOuiLoc

CONFIG: Restoring oracle.installer.oui_loc to /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/oui

解决办法:

最后检查是因为修改Hostname,但hosts文件以及监听未及时修改所致,于是调整完各个参数,保持一至后,发现仍然报同样的错误,又检查发现数据库V$session中的机器名还是原来的hostname,所以重启数据库,机器后一样,但总的问题没有解决。于是重启了机器,该问题解决。但出现了第二个问题,在下面将进行解决。

 

一.7.7  SEVERE: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

 问题表现1:

 

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -config dbcontrol db

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:21 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_06_08.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_06_08.log for more details.

Could not complete the configuration. Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_06_08.log for more details.

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

查看日志:

[root@xbfye7l01 ~]# tail -100 /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_06_08.log

………………

CONFIG: Couldn't execute statement: ORA-01403: no data found

ORA-06512: at "SYSMAN.MGMT_VIEW_PRIV", line 41

ORA-06512: at line 1 (DBD NO_DATA: OCIStmtExecute) at /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/sysman/admin/scripts/emca/emcaDbUtil.pl line 129, <STDIN> line 2.

 

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.PlatformInterface executeCommand

CONFIG: Error executing /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/sysman/admin/scripts/emca/emcaDbUtil /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/perl/lib:/apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/perl/lib/site_perl:/apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/sysman/admin/scripts:/apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/bin: /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/perl/bin/perl /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/sysman/admin/scripts/emca/emcaDbUtil.pl /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=xbfye7l01)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=E7DEV))) SYS SYSDBA declare repos_pwd varchar2(30); view_user varchar2(30); view_user_pwd varchar2(30); view_user_acc_status varchar2(30); begin repos_pwd := ?; sysman.mgmt_view_priv.get_view_user(view_user); select account_status into view_user_acc_status from sys.dba_users where upper(username) = upper ( view_user ); IF view_user_acc_status like '%LOCKED%' THEN execute immediate 'alter user ' || view_user || ' account unlock'; END IF; IF view_user_acc_status like '%EXPIRED%' THEN sysman.mgmt_view_priv.set_view_user_creds ( repos_pwd ); sysman.mgmt_view_priv.GET_VIEW_USER_CREDS ( view_user, view_user_pwd ); execute immediate 'alter user ' || view_user || ' identified by ' || view_user_pwd || ''; END IF; end; E7DEV 1 SYSMAN_PWD

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig unlockMGMTAccount

CONFIG: Failed to unlock mgmt_view account

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_06_08.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

CONFIG: Stack Trace:

oracle.sysman.emcp.exception.EMConfigException: Failed to unlock all EM-related accounts

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:348)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:157)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig.perform(EMConfig.java:253)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.invokeEMCA(EMConfigAssistant.java:589)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.performConfiguration(EMConfigAssistant.java:1448)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.statusMain(EMConfigAssistant.java:573)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.main(EMConfigAssistant.java:521)

Aug 16, 2012 9:06:23 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig restoreOuiLoc

CONFIG: Restoring oracle.installer.oui_loc to /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/oui

[root@xbfye7l01 ~]#

一.7.8  SEVERE: Error creating the repository

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

 

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_12_41.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_repos_create_<date>.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_12_41.log for more details.

Could not complete the configuration. Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_12_41.log for more details.

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

查看日志:

[root@xbfye7l01 ~]# tail -50 /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_12_41.log

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil isLocalConnectionRequired

CONFIG: isLocalConnectionRequired: true

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngine

CONFIG: isLocalConnectionRequired: true. Connecting to database instance locally.

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineLoacly

CONFIG: SQLEngine connecting with SID: E7DEV, oracleHome: /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home, and user: SYS

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineLoacly

CONFIG: SQLEngine created successfully and connected

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

CONFIG: Spooling to /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_repos_create_2012_08_16_09_12_57.log

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

CONFIG: ORA-20001: SYSMAN already exists..

ORA-06512: at line 17

 

oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLFatalErrorException: ORA-20001: SYSMAN already exists..

ORA-06512: at line 17

 

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLEngine.executeImpl(SQLEngine.java:1650)

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLEngine.executeScript(SQLEngine.java:1000)

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLPlusEngine.executeScript(SQLPlusEngine.java:339)

        at oracle.sysman.assistants.util.sqlEngine.SQLPlusEngine.executeScript(SQLPlusEngine.java:380)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.createRepository(EMReposConfig.java:510)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:228)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:157)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig.perform(EMConfig.java:253)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.invokeEMCA(EMConfigAssistant.java:589)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.performConfiguration(EMConfigAssistant.java:1448)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.statusMain(EMConfigAssistant.java:573)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.main(EMConfigAssistant.java:521)

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_repos_create_<date>.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_12_41.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

CONFIG: Stack Trace:

oracle.sysman.emcp.exception.EMConfigException: Error creating the repository

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:240)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig.invoke(EMReposConfig.java:157)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig.perform(EMConfig.java:253)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.invokeEMCA(EMConfigAssistant.java:589)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.performConfiguration(EMConfigAssistant.java:1448)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.statusMain(EMConfigAssistant.java:573)

        at oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfigAssistant.main(EMConfigAssistant.java:521)

Aug 16, 2012 9:12:57 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig restoreOuiLoc

CONFIG: Restoring oracle.installer.oui_loc to /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/oui

[root@xbfye7l01 ~]#

再次尝试:

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -repos create

 

STARTED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:23:21 AM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.0.2 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database SID: E7DEV

Listener port number: 1521

Password for SYS user:

Password for SYSMAN user:

 

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:23:36 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_23_21.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:23:36 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:23:36 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Aug 16, 2012 9:23:36 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_repos_create_<date>.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:23:36 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_23_21.log for more details.

Could not complete the configuration. Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_23_21.log for more details.

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

一.7.8.1  解决过程

1.执行下面的一系统删除命令:

 

这里其实可以用重建的命令,emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate  ---建议重新创建,

这样就不会报这种错误了

由于之前操作过一次,所以部分报不存在,第一次删除时均正常

SQL> drop user sysman cascade;

         User dropped.

SQL> drop role MGMT_USER;

Role dropped.

SQL>  drop user MGMT_VIEW cascade;

drop user MGMT_VIEW cascade

           *

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-01918: user 'MGMT_VIEW' does not exist

SQL> drop public synonym MGMT_TARGET_BLACKOUTS;

Synonym dropped.

SQL> drop public synonym SETEMVIEWUSERCONTEXT;

drop public synonym SETEMVIEWUSERCONTEXT

                    *

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-01432: public synonym to be dropped does not exist

2. 重建测试,问题依然存在。

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -repos create

 

STARTED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:30:15 AM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.0.2 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database SID: E7DEV

Listener port number: 1521

Password for SYS user:

Password for SYSMAN user:

 

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:30:24 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_30_15.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:30:24 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:31:37 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Aug 16, 2012 9:31:37 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_repos_create_<date>.log for more details.

Aug 16, 2012 9:31:37 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

SEVERE: Error creating the repository

Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_30_15.log for more details.

Could not complete the configuration. Refer to the log file at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_30_15.log for more details.

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

3. 删除数据库的 Database Control配置

 

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -deconfig dbcontrol db

STARTED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:46:37 AM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.0.2 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database SID: E7DEV

 

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:46:42 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_46_36.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:46:42 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPreConfig performDeconfiguration

WARNING: EM is not configured for this database. No EM-specific actions can be performed.

Enterprise Manager configuration completed successfully

FINISHED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:46:42 AM

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

 

4.  删除EM资料库

 

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -repos drop

 

STARTED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:47:09 AM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.0.2 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database SID: E7DEV

Listener port number: 1521

Password for SYS user:

Password for SYSMAN user:

 

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:47:18 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_47_09.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:47:18 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Dropping the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:47:56 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Repository successfully dropped

Enterprise Manager configuration completed successfully

FINISHED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:47:56 AM

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

 

5.对EM资料库和Database Control重新创建。

 

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$ emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

 

STARTED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:48:35 AM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.0.2 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database SID: E7DEV

Listener port number: 1521

Listener ORACLE_HOME [ /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home ]:

Password for SYS user:

Password for DBSNMP user:

Password for SYSMAN user:

Email address for notifications (optional):

Outgoing Mail (SMTP) server for notifications (optional):

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

You have specified the following settings

 

Database ORACLE_HOME ................ /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home

 

Local hostname ................ xbfye7l01

Listener ORACLE_HOME ................ /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home

Listener port number ................ 1521

Database SID ................ E7DEV

Email address for notifications ...............

Outgoing Mail (SMTP) server for notifications ...............

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Aug 16, 2012 9:48:54 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /apps/cfgtoollogs/emca/E7DEV/emca_2012_08_16_09_48_35.log.

Aug 16, 2012 9:48:54 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:51:56 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Repository successfully created

Aug 16, 2012 9:51:58 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig uploadConfigDataToRepository

INFO: Uploading configuration data to EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:52:26 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Uploaded configuration data successfully

Aug 16, 2012 9:52:29 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil configureSoftwareLib

INFO: Software library configured successfully.

Aug 16, 2012 9:52:29 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig configureSoftwareLibrary

INFO: Deploying Provisioning archives ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:52:47 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig configureSoftwareLibrary

INFO: Provisioning archives deployed successfully.

Aug 16, 2012 9:52:47 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil secureDBConsole

INFO: Securing Database Control (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:54:05 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil secureDBConsole

INFO: Database Control secured successfully.

Aug 16, 2012 9:54:05 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil startOMS

INFO: Starting Database Control (this may take a while) ...

Aug 16, 2012 9:54:26 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

INFO: Database Control started successfully

Aug 16, 2012 9:54:26 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

INFO: >>>>>>>>>>> The Database Control URL is https://xbfye7l01:1158/em <<<<<<<<<<<

Aug 16, 2012 9:54:28 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig invoke

WARNING:

************************  WARNING  ************************

 

Management Repository has been placed in secure mode wherein Enterprise Manager data will be encrypted.  The encryption key has been placed in the file: /apps/product/11.2.0/db_home/xbfye7l01_E7DEV/sysman/config/emkey.ora.   Please ensure this file is backed up as the encrypted data will become unusable if this file is lost.

 

***********************************************************

Enterprise Manager configuration completed successfully

FINISHED EMCA at Aug 16, 2012 9:54:28 AM

[oracle@xbfye7l01 ~]$

此次操作成功,问题得到解决,经测试https://xbfye7l01:1158/em登陆正常。

一.7.9  shell-init: error retrieving current directory

shell-init: error retrieving current directory: getcwd: cannot access parent directories: No such file or directory

OC4J Configuration issue. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/client_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_Error occurred during initialization of VM

java.lang.Error: Properties init: Could not determine current working directory._orcllinux not found.

 

当前的操作目录已经不存在了或者已经删掉重建了,所以切换到任意一个存在的目录即可。。。。

 

 

一.7.10  Asm+11g+em

一次安装过程中我杀掉了进程后使用命令重建就报错了,这个时候手动清理一下相关用户和下边对象重建就可以了。

drop user sysman cascade;

drop role MGMT_USER;

drop user MGMT_VIEW cascade;

 

 

一.7.11  Accessibility Mode disable

OEM不能正常访问:

wpsDC46.tmp 

wpsDC47.tmp 

 

解决方案:

1. 修改$ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/oc4j_applications/applications/em/em/WEB-INF/uix-config.e

 

2. 然后重启EM就可以了;

wpsDC48.tmp 

wpsDC59.tmp 

 

 

wpsDC5A.tmp 

 

 

一.8  浏览器出现  此网站的安全证书有问题

 

网上有很多解决办法的,或者使用火狐浏览器就可以了。

wpsDC6A.tmp 

 

 

 

一.9  浏览器界面乱码

wpsDC6B.tmp 

 

 

一.9.1  修改为英文

Internet-->常规-->语言,添加“英语(美国) [en_us]”,并将其移动到第一个,再访问em登陆界面,即可正常(英文)。

wpsDC7C.tmp 

修改后:

wpsDC7D.tmp 

 

一.9.2  让EM界面显示为英文

在实践过程中,发现oracle em控制台原先是中文的,菜单翻译的并不准确,不如英文的好对应管理,因此,需要修改linux系统的语言配置,将菜单改为英文,查到的参考网文如下:

http://www.blogjava.net/parable-myth/archive/2006/09/27/72331.html

http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2008-04/12265.htm

http://www.linuxsky.org/doc/newbie/200707/84.html

http://lavasoft.blog.51cto.com/62575/155329

 

实际的配置过程比较简单,为了减少对系统其他用户的影响,将/etc/sysconfig下面的i18n配置文件,拷贝到root用户目录下,命令是:cp /etc/sysconfig/i18n $root/.i18n

修改此文件,LANG="en_US.UTF-8",xwindow会显示英文界面,

经过此修改后,再重启系统,root用户的默认语言即为英语,打开em控制台也变成英文界面了。

 

一.9.3  修改字体

一.9.3.1  我试过了不行


em的乱码是由java引起的,em的按钮是由java生成的图,oracle 11g使用的是jdk1.5,jdk1.5以后有了一个简便方法来解决这个问题。
$ mkdir $ORACLE_HOME/jdk/jre/lib/fonts/fallback

把windows下的字体文件simsun.ttc复制到$ORACLE_HOME/jdk/jre/lib/fonts/fallback目录下 并改名 simsun.ttf(注意ms的simsun字体是有版权的,所以商用换其他字体),相应的权限改为oracle用户可用.

之后需要清理一下Cache,重启EM即可:
$ rm $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/oc4j_applications/applications/em/em/cabo/images/cache/zhs/*.gif

$ emctl stop dbconsole
$ emctl start dbconsole

登陆Web页面查看,EM显示就可以正常显示中文了

 

一.9.3.2  第二种

第一步和第二步我没找见相关的字体,但是后边的我做完后重启后就可以正常显示字体了。。。

1 修改jdk 下面的字体

[oracle@dbserver db_1]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/jdk/jre/lib/

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ mv font.properties font.properties_bak

[oracle@racdbserver  lib]$

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cp font.properties.zh_CN.Redhat font.properties

[oracle@dbserver lib]$

2 修改jre 下面的字体

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/jre/1.4.2/lib

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ mv font.properties font.properties_bak

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cp font.properties.zh_CN.Redhat font.properties

3 添加简体中文字体库

在/usr/share/fonts目录下创建zh_CN/TrueType目录(如果目录不存在时),并将zysong.ttf文件复制到新目录下

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cd /usr/share/fonts;

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ mkdir -p zh_CN/TrueType;

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cp /opt/zysong.ttf /usr/share/fonts/zh_CN/TrueType;

没有这个文件的话,可以到http://download.csdn.net/download/luohu_aispace/2640175下载。将zysong.ttf文件属主授权给oracle用户和oinstall用户组

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ chown -R oracle:oinstall zysong.ttf;

4 清除em的cache

[oracle@dbserver lib]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/oc4j_applications/applications/em/em/cabo/images/cache/zhs

[oracle@dbserver zhs]$ rm *.gif

5 重新启动em

[oracle@dbserver bin]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin

[oracle@dbserver bin]$ emctl stop dbconsole

[oracle@dbserver bin]$ emctl start dbconsole

 

一.10  Linux的ip地址修改后如何继续使用EM

将 192.168.128.134  修改为:192.168.59.130

注意:

① 修改ip地址之后,还应该把/etc/hosts文件中的地址也修改了

② 重新启动linux

[oracle@rhel6_lhr ~]$ emctl status dbconsole

EM Configuration issue. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/192.168.59.130_orclasm not found.

OC4J Configuration issue. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_192.168.59.130_orclasm not found.

 

解决办法:

第一步:

  重新配置之前需要把正在运行的OEM停掉,执行emctl stop dbconsole,如果报错,就设置下环境变量:export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=192.168.128.134,这里的ip就是配置之前的老的ip地址。

第二步,执行:

mv  /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/192.168.128.134_orclasm  /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/192.168.59.130_orclasm

mv  /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_192.168.128.134_orclasm   /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_192.168.59.130_orclasm

 

最后还是没有解决,还是删掉重建吧:emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate 

 

 

 

一.11  其他错误

一.11.1  ORA-28001: the password has expired (DBD ERROR: OCISessionBegin) EM无法登录

 

 

今天打开EM发现提示 

ORA-28001: the password has expired (DBD ERROR: OCISessionBegin)

wpsDC7E.tmp 

 

于是查找了一下资料,密码过期导致EM无法登录。ORACLE11G默认的口令期限是180天,为了永久解决这个问题只能修改配置文件。

1、查看目前数据库中的口令期限

SYS@ orcl>select * from dba_profiles where profile='DEFAULT'
  2  and resource_name='PASSWORD_LIFE_TIME';

PROFILE                        RESOURCE_NAME                    RESOURCE         LIMIT
------------------------------ -------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------
DEFAULT                        PASSWORD_LIFE_TIME               PASSWORD    180

 

2、修改成无限制的


SYS@ orcl>alter profile default limit password_life_time unlimited;

3、查看em的两个账号状态sysman和dbsnmp

SYS@ orcl>select username,account_status from dba_users;

USERNAME                       ACCOUNT_STATUS
------------------------------ --------------------------------
TEST                           OPEN
TEST2                          OPEN
SCOTT                          OPEN
HR                             OPEN
ORACLE_OCM                     EXPIRED & LOCKED
XS$NULL                        EXPIRED & LOCKED
BI                             EXPIRED & LOCKED
PM                             EXPIRED & LOCKED
MDDATA                         EXPIRED & LOCKED
IX                             EXPIRED & LOCKED
SH                             EXPIRED & LOCKED

USERNAME                       ACCOUNT_STATUS
------------------------------ --------------------------------
DIP                            EXPIRED & LOCKED
OE                             EXPIRED & LOCKED
APEX_PUBLIC_USER               EXPIRED & LOCKED
SPATIAL_CSW_ADMIN_USR          EXPIRED & LOCKED
SPATIAL_WFS_ADMIN_USR          EXPIRED & LOCKED
DBSNMP                         EXPIRED
SYSMAN                         EXPIRED

4、2个账号都过期,于是修改密码

SYS@ orcl>alter user dbsnmp identified by oracle;

User altered.

SYS@ orcl>alter user sysman identified by oracle;

User altered.

 

5、再重新打开EM,能够正常使用了。在修改密码前我重新启动过数据库和EM

 

 

 

 

 

一.12  重建例子

一.12.1  Windows 下重建

命令如下:
emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate  ---建议重新创建

emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

 

然后会出现以下信息:

C:\Users\Administrator>emctl start dbconsole

Environment variable ORACLE_UNQNAME not defined. Please set ORACLE_UNQNAME to da

tabase unique name.

 

C:\Users\Administrator>emca -config dbcontrol db -repos recreate

 

EMCA 开始于 2012-3-12 16:28:39

EM Configuration Assistant, 11.2.0.0.2 正式版

版权所有 (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle。保留所有权利。

 

输入以下信息:

数据库 SID: orcl

监听程序端口号: 1521

监听程序 ORACLE_HOME [ c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1 ]:

SYS 用户的口令:

DBSNMP 用户的口令:

SYSMAN 用户的口令:

SYSMAN 用户的口令: 通知的电子邮件地址 (可选):

通知的发件 (SMTP) 服务器 (可选):

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

已指定以下设置

 

数据库 ORACLE_HOME ................ c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1

 

 

本地主机名 ................ lhr

监听程序 ORACLE_HOME ................ c:\app\Administrator\product\11.2.0\dbhome

_1

监听程序端口号 ................ 1521

数据库 SID ................ orcl

通知的电子邮件地址 ...............

通知的发件 (SMTP) 服务器 ...............

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

是否继续? [是(Y)/否(N)]: y

2012-3-12 16:31:41 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

信息: 正在将此操作记录到 c:\app\Administrator\cfgtoollogs\emca\orcl\emca_2012_03

_12_16_28_39.log。

2012-3-12 16:31:44 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

信息: 正在删除 EM 资料档案库 (此操作可能需要一段时间)...

2012-3-12 16:35:22 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

信息: 已成功删除资料档案库

2012-3-12 16:35:23 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

信息: 正在创建 EM 资料档案库 (此操作可能需要一段时间)...

2012-3-12 16:42:47 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

信息: 已成功创建资料档案库

2012-3-12 16:42:58 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig uploadConfigDataToRepository

 

信息: 正在将配置数据上载到 EM 资料档案库 (此操作可能需要一段时间)...

2012-3-12 16:45:05 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

信息: 已成功上载配置数据

2012-3-12 16:45:25 oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil configureSoftwareLib

信息: 软件库已配置成功。

2012-3-12 16:45:25 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig configureSoftwareLibrary

信息: 正在部署预配档案...

2012-3-12 16:46:42 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig configureSoftwareLibrary

信息: 预配档案部署成功。

2012-3-12 16:46:42 oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil secureDBConsole

信息: 正在保护 Database Control (此操作可能需要一段时间)...

2012-3-12 16:46:56 oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil secureDBConsole

信息: 已成功保护 Database Control。

2012-3-12 16:46:56 oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil startOMS

信息: 正在启动 Database Control (此操作可能需要一段时间)...

2012-3-12 16:50:05 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

信息: 已成功启动 Database Control

2012-3-12 16:50:06 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

信息: >>>>>>>>>>> Database Control URL 为 https://lhr:5501/em <<<<<<<<<<<

2012-3-12 16:50:24 oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig invoke

警告:

************************  WARNING  ************************

 

管理资料档案库已置于安全模式下, 在此模式下将对 Enterprise Manager 数据进行加密。

加密密钥已放置在文件 c:/app/Administrator/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lhr_orcl/sysma

n/config/emkey.ora 中。请务必备份此文件, 因为如果此文件丢失, 则加密数据将不可用

 

***********************************************************

已成功完成 Enterprise Manager 的配置

EMCA 结束于 2012-3-12 16:50:24

 

C:\Users\Administrator>



方法二是自己实验出来的,并不是一个正式的方法,但是比上一种方法简单,易于操作。
信息提示里找不到一个目录D:\oracle\product\10.1.0\db_1\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_localhost_java, 到这个信息提示的上一层目录里一看,可以看到有个类似的目录, 形如OC4J_DBConsole_janes_java, 这里janes是我的机器名,把这个目录copy到当前目录下,改成信息提示里没有找到的目录名,比如 我这里就改成D:\oracle\product\10.1.0\db_1\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_localhost_java

同时来到D:\oracle\product\10.1.0\db_1目录下,可以找到一个名字形如janes_ORCL的目录,
注意janes_ORCL,这里的janes是我的机器名,ORCL是我这里ORacle的SID,你可以根据你的具体情况,来找到类似的目录, 同样在当前copy到当前目录,并改名为localhost_ORCL.

还有第三方法,不过没有试过
有出现这样问题的帮着试试

set ORACLE_HOSTNAME=localhost

export ORACLE_HOSTNAME=192.168.225.130

然后通过emctl start dbconsole或者服务里的ORacleDBConsoleXXXX的服务就可以启动了。

在cmd里输入emctl start dbconsole后出现:

C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>emctl start dbconsole

Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Database Control Release 10.2.0.1.0

Copyright (c) 1996, 2005 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

http://hexun1:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Starting Oracle Enterprise Manager 10g Database Control ...OracleDBConsoleorcl

服务正在启动 ...............

OracleDBConsoleorcl 服务已经启动成功。

复制上面红色标记的网址就可以通过浏览器访问了。

 

 

 

 

 

如果还出现上述的错误:删除dbconsole重新配置

 

emca  -deconfig  dbconsole  db  -repos  drop

 

如果删除失败,进入数据库删除dbconsole以前的用户,并且修改DBSNMP密码

 

      sql>alter user dbsnmp identified by orcl;

 

 

删除早期DBCONSOLE创建的用户:

 

sql>drop role MGMT_USER;

sql>drop user MGMT_VIEW cascade;

sql>drop user sysman cascade;

 

删除早期DBCONSOLE创建的对象:

sql>drop PUBLIC SYNONYM MGMT_TARGET_BLACKOUTS;

sql>drop public synonym SETEMVIEWUSERCONTEXT;

 

重新创建DBCONSOLE:(如果是在windows下,要先到注册表删除DBCONSOLE的服务,重启电脑)

 

emca -config dbcontrol db -repos create

根据提示,先输入SID,再输入Y继续;

输入端口1521,输入SYS密码,输入DBSNMP密码,输入SYSMAN 密码,输入Y继续完成。

 

检查状态 emctl status dbconsole

 

emca -repos recreate

 

wpsDC8E.tmp 

 

 

一.12.2  Rac 下重建

[ZFXDESKDB1:oracle]:/oracle>emca -config dbcontrol db -repos  recreate  -cluster

 

STARTED EMCA at Mar 2, 2016 3:51:52 PM

EM Configuration Assistant, Version 11.2.0.3.0 Production

Copyright (c) 2003, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

Enter the following information:

Database unique name: oraESKDB

Service name: oraESKDB

Listener port number: 1521

Listener ORACLE_HOME [ /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid ]:

Password for SYS user: 

Password for DBSNMP user: 

Password for SYSMAN user: 

Cluster name: ZFXDESKDB-cluster   ====》任意输入一个名称

Email address for notifications (optional):

Outgoing Mail (SMTP) server for notifications (optional):

ASM ORACLE_HOME [ /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid ]:

ASM port [ 1521 ]:

ASM username [ ASMSNMP ]:

ASM user password: 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

You have specified the following settings

 

Database ORACLE_HOME ................ /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db

 

Database instance hostname ................ Listener ORACLE_HOME ................ /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid

Listener port number ................ 1521

Cluster name ................ ZFXDESKDB-cluster

Database unique name ................ oraESKDB

Email address for notifications ...............

Outgoing Mail (SMTP) server for notifications ...............

ASM ORACLE_HOME ................ /oracle/app/11.2.0/grid

ASM port ................ 1521

ASM user role ................ SYSDBA

ASM username ................ ASMSNMP

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------

WARNING : While repository is dropped the database will be put in quiesce mode.

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Do you wish to continue? [yes(Y)/no(N)]: Y

Mar 2, 2016 3:53:22 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMConfig perform

INFO: This operation is being logged at /oracle/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/emca/oraESKDB/emca_2016_03_02_15_51_52.log.

Mar 2, 2016 3:53:26 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Dropping the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Mar 2, 2016 3:56:23 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Repository successfully dropped

Mar 2, 2016 3:56:24 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig createRepository

INFO: Creating the EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:03:05 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Repository successfully created

Mar 2, 2016 4:03:13 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig uploadConfigDataToRepository

INFO: Uploading configuration data to EM repository (this may take a while) ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:04:37 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMReposConfig invoke

INFO: Uploaded configuration data successfully

Mar 2, 2016 4:04:38 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBCConfig instantiateOC4JConfigFiles

INFO: Propagating /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_zfxdeskdb1_oraESKDB to remote nodes ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:04:44 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBCConfig instantiateOC4JConfigFiles

INFO: Propagating /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_DBConsole_zfxdeskdb2_oraESKDB to remote nodes ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:04:53 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMAgentConfig deployStateDirs

INFO: Propagating /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/zfxdeskdb1_oraESKDB to remote nodes ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:04:57 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMAgentConfig deployStateDirs

INFO: Propagating /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/zfxdeskdb2_oraESKDB to remote nodes ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:05:02 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil secureDBConsole

INFO: Securing Database Control (this may take a while) ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:05:27 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.DBControlUtil startOMS

INFO: Starting Database Control (this may take a while) ...

Mar 2, 2016 4:06:29 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

INFO: Database Control started successfully

Mar 2, 2016 4:06:29 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig performConfiguration

INFO: >>>>>>>>>>> The Database Control URL is https://ZFXDESKDB1:1158/em <<<<<<<<<<<

Mar 2, 2016 4:06:33 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig showClusterDBCAgentMessage

INFO:

****************  Current Configuration  ****************

INSTANCE            NODE           DBCONTROL_UPLOAD_HOST

----------        ----------        ---------------------

 

oraESKDB          zfxdeskdb1          ZFXDESKDB1

oraESKDB          zfxdeskdb2          ZFXDESKDB1

 

 

Mar 2, 2016 4:06:33 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.EMDBPostConfig invoke

WARNING:

************************  WARNING  ************************

 

Management Repository has been placed in secure mode wherein Enterprise Manager data will be encrypted.  The encryption key has been placed in the file: /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/zfxdeskdb1_oraESKDB/sysman/config/emkey.ora. Ensure this file is backed up as the encrypted data will become unusable if this file is lost.

 

***********************************************************

Enterprise Manager configuration completed successfully

FINISHED EMCA at Mar 2, 2016 4:06:33 PM

[ZFXDESKDB1:oracle]:/oracle>emctl status dbconsole

Environment variable ORACLE_UNQNAME not defined. Please set ORACLE_UNQNAME to database unique name.

[ZFXDESKDB1:oracle]:/oracle>export ORACLE_UNQNAME=oraESKDB

[ZFXDESKDB1:oracle]:/oracle>emctl status dbconsole       

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Database Control Release 11.2.0.4.0

Copyright (c) 1996, 2013 Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

https://ZFXDESKDB1:1158/em/console/aboutApplication

Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g is running.

------------------------------------------------------------------

Logs are generated in directory /oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db/zfxdeskdb1_oraESKDB/sysman/log

 

 

一.12.2.1  Rac下建立EM的2个问题

一、 监听问题

Rac下必须配置asm的scan-listener,否则配置的时候报错:

Mar 2, 2016 11:10:11 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: Error during db connection : ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor

 

Mar 2, 2016 11:10:16 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: ORA-12541: TNS:no listener

 

Mar 2, 2016 11:10:17 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: Error during db connection : ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect descriptor

 

Mar 2, 2016 11:10:22 AM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: ORA-12541: TNS:no listener

 

Password validation failed. Some of the possible reasons may be:

 

1) Invalid username/password.

2) Database is not up.

3) Scan listener not up.

4) Database service is not registered with scan listener.

5) Password file may be missing or configured incorrectly.

 

 

 

解决方案:

 

 

SYS@+ASM1> alter system set remote_listener='(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=ZFXDESKDB-scan)(PORT=1521))))' sid='*';

 

System altered.

 

SYS@+ASM1>

SYS@+ASM1>

SYS@+ASM1> alter system register;

 

 

 

 

二、 Asmsnmp用户密码不对

 

Mar 2, 2016 3:41:53 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied

 

Password validation failed. Some of the possible reasons may be:

 

1) Invalid username/password.

2) Database is not up.

3) Scan listener not up.

4) Database service is not registered with scan listener.

5) Password file may be missing or configured incorrectly.

 

ASM user password: 

Mar 2, 2016 3:44:08 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: Error during db connection : ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied

 

Mar 2, 2016 3:44:18 PM oracle.sysman.emcp.util.GeneralUtil initSQLEngineRemotely

WARNING: ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied

 

null [ORA-01219: database not open: queries allowed on fixed tables/views only]

ASM user password: 

 

 

 

[ZFXDESKDB2:grid]:/home/grid>asmcmd

ASMCMD> lsdg

State    Type    Rebal  Sector  Block       AU  Total_MB  Free_MB  Req_mir_free_MB  Usable_file_MB  Offline_disks  Voting_files  Name

MOUNTED  EXTERN  N         512   4096  1048576    131100    72444                0           72444              0             Y  DATA/

ASMCMD> passwd sys

Enter old password (optional):

Enter new password: ******

----集群环境下修改

ASMCMD> orapwusr --modify --password sys

Enter password: ******

ASMCMD>

 

----解决方案:

[ZFXDESKDB2:grid]:/oracle/app/11.2.0/grid/dbs>sqlplus / as sysasm

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Wed Mar 2 15:46:27 2016

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> create user asmsnmp identified by dulala;

create user asmsnmp identified by dulala

                                  *

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-15306: ASM password file update failed on at least one node

 

 

SQL> grant sysdba to asmsnmp;

 

Grant succeeded.

 

SQL> alter user asmsnmp identified by dulala;

 

User altered.

 

SQL>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About Me

 

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

本文作者:小麦苗,只专注于数据库的技术,更注重技术的运用

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