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[ASP.net教程]asp.net 生成图形验证码(字母和数字混合)


验证码技术是网站开发过程中比较重要的技术,可以防止非法人员利用注册机或者登陆工具来攻击我们的网站。下面是效果图:

具体实现方法如下:

1、主要思路是:引用Using System.Drawing命名空间,利用Graphics的FromImage方法创建一个画布,同时设置画布的宽和高,然后通过Graphics类 的DrawString方法随机生成的字符串绘制到画布中,绘制验证码的同时,在画布中利用SetPixel方法绘制一些色点,从而防止非法人员利用机器 人来进行登陆。当我们绘制验证码完毕后,在需要验证码的页面中利用Image空间将其显示出来,Image控件显示验证码的HTML源码设置如下:

<asp:Image ID="Image1" runat="server"ImageUrl="~/ValidateNum.aspx" /><asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" runat="server" style="font-size: small; ">看不清,换一张</asp:LinkButton>

2、这里所用到的ValidateNum.aspx页面代码如下:

using System;using System.Collections;using System.Configuration;using System.Data;using System.Linq;using System.Web;using System.Web.Security;using System.Web.UI;using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;using System.Web.UI.WebControls;using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;using System.using System.Drawing;public partial class ValidateNum : System.Web.UI.Page{  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)  {    if (!IsPostBack)    {      string validateNum = CreateRandomNum(4);//成生4位随机字符串      CreateImage(validateNum);//将生成的随机字符串绘成图片      Session["ValidateNum"] = validateNum;//保存验证码    }  }  //生成随机字符串  private string CreateRandomNum(int NumCount)  {    string allChar = "0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,W,X,Y,Z";    string[] allCharArray = allChar.Split(',');//拆分成数组    string randomNum = "";    int temp = -1;//记录上次随机数的数值,尽量避免产生几个相同的随机数    Random rand = new Random();    for (int i = 0; i < NumCount; i++)    {      if (temp != -1)      {        rand = new Random(i * temp * ((int)DateTime.Now.Ticks));      }      int t = rand.Next(35);      if (temp == t)      {        return CreateRandomNum(NumCount);      }      temp = t;      randomNum += allCharArray[t];    }    return randomNum;  }  //生成图片  private void CreateImage(string validateNum)  {    if (validateNum == null || validateNum.Trim() == String.Empty)      return;    //生成Bitmap图像    System.Drawing.Bitmap image = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(validateNum.Length * 12 + 10, 22);    Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(image);    try    {      //生成随机生成器       Random random = new Random();      //清空图片背景色       g.Clear(Color.White);      //画图片的背景噪音线       for (int i = 0; i < 25; i++)      {        int x1 = random.Next(image.Width);        int x2 = random.Next(image.Width);        int y1 = random.Next(image.Height);        int y2 = random.Next(image.Height);        g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Silver), x1, y1, x2, y2);      }      Font font = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, (System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold | System.Drawing.FontStyle.Italic));      System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush brush = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush(new Rectangle(0, 0, image.Width, image.Height), Color.Blue, Color.DarkRed, 1.2f, true);      g.DrawString(validateNum, font, brush, 2, 2);      //画图片的前景噪音点       for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++)      {        int x = random.Next(image.Width);        int y = random.Next(image.Height);        image.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(random.Next()));      }      //画图片的边框线       g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Silver), 0, 0, image.Width - 1, image.Height - 1);      System.IO.MemoryStream ms = new System.IO.MemoryStream();      //将图像保存到指定的流      image.Save(ms, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);      Response.ClearContent();      Response.ContentType = "image/Gif";      Response.BinaryWrite(ms.ToArray());    }    finally    {      g.Dispose();      image.Dispose();    }  }}