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[操作系统]Android定位地图导航——自定义公交路线代码


一、问题描述

基于百度地图实现检索指定城市指定公交的交通路线图,效果如图所示

二、通用组件Application类,主要创建并初始化BMapManager
  public class App extends Application {  static App mDemoApp;  //百度MapAPI的管理类  public BMapManager mBMapMan = null;  // 授权Key  // 申请地址:http://dev.baidu.com/wiki/static/imap/key/  public String mStrKey = "Your APPKey";  boolean m_bKeyRight = true;  // 授权Key正确,验证通过  // 常用事件监听,用来处理通常的网络错误,授权验证错误等  public static class MyGeneralListener implements MKGeneralListener {    @Override    public void onGetNetworkState(int iError) {      Log.d("MyGeneralListener", "onGetNetworkState error is "+ iError);      Toast.makeText(App.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(), "您的网络出错啦!",          Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();    }    @Override    public void onGetPermissionState(int iError) {      Log.d("MyGeneralListener", "onGetPermissionState error is "+ iError);      if (iError == MKEvent.ERROR_PERMISSION_DENIED) {        // 授权Key错误:        Toast.makeText(App.mDemoApp.getApplicationContext(),             "文件输入正确的授权Key!",            Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();        App.mDemoApp.m_bKeyRight = false;      }    }  }  @Override  public void onCreate() {    Log.v("BMapApiDemoApp", "onCreate");    mDemoApp = this;    mBMapMan = new BMapManager(this);    mBMapMan.init(this.mStrKey, new MyGeneralListener());    mBMapMan.getLocationManager().setNotifyInternal(10, 5);        super.onCreate();  }  @Override  //app的退出之前调用mapadpi的destroy()函数,避免重复初始化带来的时间消耗  public void onTerminate() {    if (mBMapMan != null) {      mBMapMan.destroy();      mBMapMan = null;    }    super.onTerminate();  }}

三、编写公交的路线图层(CustomRouteOverLay)和图标标识(CustomOverlayItem)

  CustomRouteOverLay组件扩展RouteOverlay:

主要公交、步行和驾车线路图层,将公交、步行和驾车出行方案的路线及关键点显示在地图上,根据车辆路线的起点和终点进行驾车路线的检索;

  CustomOverlayItem扩展ItemizedOverlay<OverlayItem>:

覆盖物的集合类,使用这个类可以将地图上具有相同属性或者特性的坐标使用图标标识出来,OverLayItem 这个类对象则是ItemizedOverLay中一个一个的Item对象 也就是每个坐标对应的覆盖物

  CustomRouteOverLay类代码:

public class CustomRouteOverLay extends RouteOverlay {  public Activity ac;  private MapView mapView;  static ArrayList<View> overlayviews = new ArrayList<View>();  public CustomRouteOverLay(Activity arg0, MapView arg1) {    super(arg0, arg1);    ac = arg0;    mapView = arg1;    // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub  }  @Override  protected boolean onTap(int arg0) {    // TODO Auto-generated method stub    // return super.onTap(arg0);    return true;  }  @Override  public void setData(MKRoute arg0) {    // TODO Auto-generated method stub    super.setData(arg0);    addHint(arg0);  }      public void addHints(MKRoute routes) {    for (int i = 0; i < routes.getNumSteps(); i++) {      Drawable marker = ac.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.pop); // 得到需要标在地图上的资源      marker.setBounds(0, 0, marker.getIntrinsicWidth(),          marker.getIntrinsicHeight()); // 为maker定义位置和边界      OverItemT overitem = new OverItemT(marker,ac, routes.getStep(i).getContent(),routes.getStep(i).getPoint());//      OverlayItem over=new OverlayItem(routes.GET, null, null);      mapView.getOverlays().add(overitem); // 添加ItemizedOverlay实例到mMapView    }    mapView.invalidate();  }  /**   * 增加 指示路线   * @param routes   */  public void addHint(MKRoute routes) {    mapView.getOverlays().clear();// 先清空//    mapView.removeAllViewsInLayout();    View mPopView = ac.getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.popview,        null);    for(int i=0;i<  overlayviews.size();i++){      System.out.println("remove &"+i);      mapView.removeViewInLayout(overlayviews.get(i));      overlayviews.remove(i);    }      mapView.invalidate();    // 添加ItemizedOverlay    for (int i = 0; i < routes.getNumSteps(); i++) {      Drawable marker = ac.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.pop); // 得到需要标在地图上的资源      marker.setBounds(0, 0, marker.getIntrinsicWidth(),          marker.getIntrinsicHeight()); // 为maker定义位置和边界      GeoPoint pt = routes.getStep(i).getPoint();// =                            // routes.get(i).getPoint();      if (i != 0 && i != routes.getNumSteps() - 1) {        mPopView = ac.getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.popview,            null);        mapView.addView(mPopView, new MapView.LayoutParams(            LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, null,            MapView.LayoutParams.TOP_LEFT));        mPopView.setVisibility(View.GONE);        mapView.updateViewLayout(mPopView, new MapView.LayoutParams(            LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, pt,            MapView.LayoutParams.BOTTOM_CENTER));        mPopView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);        Button button = (Button) mPopView.findViewById(R.id.overlay_pop);        button.setText(routes.getStep(i).getContent());        overlayviews.add(mPopView);        overlayviews.add(button);      } else {        //修改起始点和终点样式-自定义        mPopView = ac.getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.popview,            null);        mapView.addView(mPopView, new MapView.LayoutParams(            LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, null,            MapView.LayoutParams.TOP_LEFT));        mPopView.setVisibility(View.GONE);        mapView.updateViewLayout(mPopView, new MapView.LayoutParams(            LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, pt,            MapView.LayoutParams.BOTTOM_CENTER));        mPopView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);        Button button = (Button) mPopView.findViewById(R.id.overlay_pop);        button.offsetTopAndBottom(100);        button.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);        button.setBackgroundColor(Color.TRANSPARENT);        button.setText(routes.getStep(i).getContent());        overlayviews.add(mPopView);        overlayviews.add(button);      }    }  }  class OverItemT extends ItemizedOverlay<OverlayItem> {    private Drawable marker;    private Context mContext;    private GeoPoint p;    private OverlayItem o;    public OverItemT(Drawable marker, Context context, String title,GeoPoint p) {      super(boundCenterBottom(marker));      this.marker = marker;      this.mContext = context;      this.p = p;      // 构造OverlayItem的三个参数依次为:item的位置,标题文本,文字片段      o = new OverlayItem(p, title, title);      populate(); // createItem(int)方法构造item。一旦有了数据,在调用其它方法前,首先调用这个方法    }    public void updateOverlay() {      populate();    }    @Override    public void draw(Canvas canvas, MapView mapView, boolean shadow) {      // Projection接口用于屏幕像素坐标和经纬度坐标之间的变换      Projection projection = mapView.getProjection();      for (int index = size() - 1; index >= 0; index--) { // 遍历mGeoList        OverlayItem overLayItem = getItem(index); // 得到给定索引的item        String title = overLayItem.getTitle();        // 把经纬度变换到相对于MapView左上角的屏幕像素坐标        Point point = projection.toPixels(overLayItem.getPoint(), null);        // 可在此处添加您的绘制代码        Paint paintText = new Paint();        paintText.setColor(Color.BLUE);        paintText.setTextSize(15);        canvas.drawText(title, point.x - 30, point.y, paintText); // 绘制文本      }      super.draw(canvas, mapView, shadow);      // 调整一个drawable边界,使得(0,0)是这个drawable底部最后一行中心的一个像素      boundCenterBottom(marker);    }    @Override    protected OverlayItem createItem(int i) {      // TODO Auto-generated method stub      return o;    }    @Override    public int size() {      // TODO Auto-generated method stub      return 1;    }    @Override    // 处理当点击事件    protected boolean onTap(int i) {      // 更新气泡位置,并使之显示      return true;    }    @Override    public boolean onTap(GeoPoint arg0, MapView arg1) {      // TODO Auto-generated method stub      // 消去弹出的气泡      // ItemizedOverlayDemo.mPopView.setVisibility(View.GONE);      return super.onTap(arg0, arg1);    }  }}

CustomOverlayItem代码:

public class CustomOverlayItem extends ItemizedOverlay<OverlayItem> {  // private List<OverlayItem> GeoList = new ArrayList<OverlayItem>();  private Context mContext;  private OverlayItem overlay;  boolean showtext;//  private String title;  private Drawable marker;  public CustomOverlayItem(Drawable marker, Context context, GeoPoint p,      String title,String sinppet, boolean showtext) {    super(boundCenterBottom(marker));    this.mContext = context;    // 用给定的经纬度构造GeoPoint,单位是微度 (度 * 1E6)//    point = p;    this.showtext = showtext;//    this.title = title;    this.marker = marker;    overlay = new OverlayItem(p, title, sinppet);    populate(); // createItem(int)方法构造item。一旦有了数据,在调用其它方法前,首先调用这个方法  }  @Override  protected OverlayItem createItem(int i) {    return overlay;  }  @Override  public int size() {    return 1;  }  @Override  public void draw(Canvas canvas, MapView mapView, boolean arg2) {    // TODO Auto-generated method stub    super.draw(canvas, mapView, arg2);    // Projection接口用于屏幕像素坐标和经纬度坐标之间的变换    Projection projection = mapView.getProjection();    String title = overlay.getTitle();    // 把经纬度变换到相对于MapView左上角的屏幕像素坐标    Point point = projection.toPixels(overlay.getPoint(), null);    // 可在此处添加您的绘制代码    Paint paintText = new Paint();    Paint paint = new Paint();    paint.setAlpha(255);    paint.setColor(Color.DKGRAY);    paint.setStrokeWidth(5);    paintText.setColor(Color.BLUE);    paintText.setTextSize(15);//    canvas.drawCircle(point.x, point.y, 100, paint);    canvas.drawText(title, point.x-30, point.y-50, paintText); // 绘制文本    // 调整一个drawable边界,使得(0,0)是这个drawable底部最后一行中心的一个像素    boundCenterBottom(marker);  }  @Override  // 处理当点击事件  protected boolean onTap(int i) {    if (showtext)      Toast.makeText(this.mContext, overlay.getTitle(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();    return true;  }}

四、编写主程序BuslineSearch,扩展MapActivity,实现地图信息的显示
public class BuslineSearch extends MapActivity {  Button mBtnSearch = null; // 搜索按钮  MapView mMapView = null; // 地图View  MKSearch mSearch = null; // 搜索模块,也可去掉地图模块独立使用  String mCityName = null;  LocationListener loc_listener;  App app = null;  static boolean flag = false;  static Thread thread;  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);    setContentView(R.layout.buslinesearch);    app = (App) this.getApplication();    if (app.mBMapMan == null) {      app.mBMapMan = new BMapManager(getApplication());      app.mBMapMan.init(app.mStrKey, new App.MyGeneralListener());    }    app.mBMapMan.start();    // 如果使用地图SDK,请初始化地图Activity    super.initMapActivity(app.mBMapMan);    mMapView = (MapView) findViewById(R.id.bmapView);    mMapView.setBuiltInZoomControls(true);    // 设置在缩放动画过程中也显示overlay,默认为不绘制    mMapView.setDrawOverlayWhenZooming(true);    mMapView.setBuiltInZoomControls(true);    // 初始化搜索模块,注册事件监听    MapController mMapController = mMapView.getController(); // 得到mMapView的控制权,可以用它控制和驱动平移和缩放    GeoPoint point = new GeoPoint((int) (39.915 * 1E6),        (int) (116.404 * 1E6)); // 用给定的经纬度构造一个GeoPoint,单位是微度 (度 * 1E6)    mMapController.setCenter(point); // 设置地图中心点    mMapController.setZoom(15); // 设置地图zoom级别    mSearch = new MKSearch();    mSearch.init(app.mBMapMan, new MKSearchListener() {      public void onGetPoiResult(MKPoiResult res, int type, int error) {        // 错误号可参考MKEvent中的定义        if (error != 0 || res == null) {          Toast.makeText(BuslineSearch.this, "抱歉,未找到结果",              Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();          return;        }        // System.out.println(res.toString());        // 找到公交路线poi node        MKPoiInfo curPoi = null;        int totalPoiNum = res.getNumPois();        for (int idx = 0; idx < totalPoiNum; idx++) {          Log.d("busline", "the busline is " + idx);          curPoi = res.getPoi(idx);          if (2 == curPoi.ePoiType) {            break;          }        }        mSearch.busLineSearch(mCityName, curPoi.uid);      }      public void onGetDrivingRouteResult(MKDrivingRouteResult res,          int error) {      }      public void onGetTransitRouteResult(MKTransitRouteResult res,          int error) {        res.getPlan(0).getDistance();      }      public void onGetWalkingRouteResult(MKWalkingRouteResult res,          int error) {      }      public void onGetAddrResult(MKAddrInfo res, int error) {      }      public void onGetBusDetailResult(MKBusLineResult result, int iError) {        if (iError != 0 || result == null) {          Toast.makeText(BuslineSearch.this, "抱歉,未找到结果",              Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();          return;        }        // result.getBusRoute().get        // result.getBusRoute().getStart().toString();        CustomRouteOverLay routeOverlay = new CustomRouteOverLay(            BuslineSearch.this, mMapView);              routeOverlay.setData(result.getBusRoute());        mMapView.getOverlays().clear();        System.out.println(mMapView.getOverlays().size());        mMapView.getOverlays().add(routeOverlay);        mMapView.invalidate();        mMapView.getController().animateTo(            result.getBusRoute().getStart());      }      @Override      public void onGetSuggestionResult(MKSuggestionResult res, int arg1) {        // TODO Auto-generated method stub      }    });    // mLocationManager.requestLocationUpdates(listener);    // 注册定位事件    loc_listener = new LocationListener() {      @Override      public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {        if (location != null) {          String strLog = String.format("您当前的位置:\r\n" + "纬度:%f\r\n"              + "经度:%f", location.getLongitude(),              location.getLatitude());          flag = true;          Drawable marker = getResources()              .getDrawable(R.drawable.ic_launcher);          final GeoPoint p = new GeoPoint(              (int) (location.getLatitude() * 1E6),              (int) (location.getLongitude() * 1E6));          CustomOverlayItem item = new CustomOverlayItem(marker,              BuslineSearch.this, p, "我的位置", "", false);          mMapView.getOverlays().add(item);          mMapView.getController().animateTo(p);        }      }    };    // 设定搜索按钮的响应    mBtnSearch = (Button) findViewById(R.id.search);    OnClickListener clickListener = new OnClickListener() {      public void onClick(View v) {        SearchButtonProcess(v);      }    };    mBtnSearch.setOnClickListener(clickListener);  }  void SearchButtonProcess(View v) {    if (mBtnSearch.equals(v)) {      mMapView.getOverlays().clear();      mMapView.getOverlays().removeAll(mMapView.getOverlays());      mMapView.invalidate();      EditText editCity = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.city);      EditText editSearchKey = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.searchkey);      mCityName = editCity.getText().toString();      mSearch.poiSearchInCity(mCityName, editSearchKey.getText()          .toString());    }  }  @Override  protected void onPause() {    if (null == app)      app = (App) this.getApplication();    app.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().removeUpdates(loc_listener);    app.mBMapMan.stop();    super.onPause();  }  @Override  protected void onResume() {    if (null == app)      app = (App) this.getApplication();    app.mBMapMan.start();    super.onResume();    app.mBMapMan.getLocationManager().requestLocationUpdates(loc_listener);// 定位  }  @Override  protected boolean isRouteDisplayed() {    // TODO Auto-generated method stub    return false;  }  @Override  protected void onDestroy() {    // TODO Auto-generated method stub    super.onDestroy();  }}

 

作者:杰瑞教育
出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/jerehedu/ 
版权声明:本文版权归烟台杰瑞教育科技有限公司和博客园共有,欢迎转载,但未经作者同意必须保留此段声明,且在文章页面明显位置给出原文连接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。
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