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[Java教程]ubuntu14.04下nodejs + npm + bower的安装、调试和部署

  

 

1. 简介

  本文介绍ubuntu14.04下nodejs+npm+bower的安装、调试和部署

 

  参考文档

  https://docs.npmjs.com/getting-started

  https://github.com/npm/npm/issues/

 

  另外:

        Windows nodejs版本https://nodejs.org/download/release/latest/node-v5.5.0-x64.msi

    Windows下ide可选用WebStorm-10.0.2.exe

2.  安装

2.1.  nodejs/npm安装

  注意:

    • 不要使用ubuntu自带的nodejs版本,实在是太低了!;最新版本(截止本文)为5.5.0
    • Npm自带,不需要额外安装

  1)   下载

[email protected]:~$wget https://nodejs.org/download/release/latest/node-v5.5.0.tar.gz

  2)  解压缩

            [email protected]:~$tar zxvf  node-v5.5.0.tar.gz  

  3)   安装编译工具

      [email protected]:~$sudo apt-get install g++ make

  4)  安装

[email protected]:~$cd  node-v5.5.0

[email protected]:~$./configure

[email protected]:~$Make

[email protected]:~$Make install

  5) nodejs版本查看

[email protected]:~$ node -v

      v5.5.0

  6) npm版本查看

[email protected]:~$ npm -v

      3.3.12

2.2.  npm安装package

  1) 进入angularjs项目所在地

[email protected]:~$ cd FundTray/frondent/

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$

  2) 编辑package.json

    {

       "name": "mmm",

       "private": true,

       "devDependencies": {

          "autoprefixer-core": "^5.2.1",

          "grunt": "^0.4.5",

          "grunt-angular-templates": "^0.5.7",

        "grunt-concurrent": "^1.0.0",

        "grunt-contrib-clean": "^0.6.0",

        "grunt-contrib-concat": "^0.5.0",

        "grunt-contrib-connect": "^0.9.0",

        "grunt-contrib-copy": "^0.7.0",

        "grunt-contrib-cssmin": "^0.12.0",

        "grunt-contrib-htmlmin": "^0.4.0",

        "grunt-contrib-imagemin": "^1.0.0",

        "grunt-contrib-jshint": "^0.11.0",

        "grunt-contrib-uglify": "^0.7.0",

        "grunt-contrib-watch": "^0.6.1",

        "grunt-filerev": "^2.1.2",

        "grunt-google-cdn": "^0.4.3",

        "grunt-jscs": "^1.8.0",

        "grunt-newer": "^1.1.0",

        "grunt-ng-annotate": "^0.9.2",

        "grunt-postcss": "^0.5.5",

        "grunt-svgmin": "^2.0.0",

        "grunt-usemin": "^3.0.0",

        "grunt-wiredep": "^2.0.0",

        "jit-grunt": "^0.9.1",

        "time-grunt": "^1.0.0",

        "jshint-stylish": "^1.0.0"

      },

     "engines": {

        "node": ">=0.10.0"

      }

    }

  3) Npm安装

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$ npm install

    安装完成以后,会显示各种依赖包关系,出错请google

  4) 进入node_modules,查看安装后的package

    

 

2.3. bower安装Package

  1) 进入angularjs项目所在地

[email protected]:~$ cd FundTray/frondent/

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$

 

  2) 编辑bower.json

    {

      "name": "mmm",

      "version": "0.0.0",

        "private":true,

      "dependencies": {

        "angular": "^1.4.0",

        "bootstrap": "^3.2.0",

        "angular-resource": "^1.4.0",

        "angular-ui-router": "~0.2.15",

        "angular-messages": "~1.4.8",

        "font-awesome": "~4.5.0"

      },

      "devDependencies": {

        "angular-mocks": "^1.4.0"

      },

      "appPath": "app",

      "moduleName": "mmmApp",

      "overrides": {

        "bootstrap": {

          "main": [

            "dist/css/bootstrap.css"

          ]

        },

      "font-awesome": {

        "main": [

          "css/font-awesome.css",

          "fonts/*"

        ]

      }

    }

  }

 

  3) 创建bower_components

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$ sudo mkdir bower_components

 

  4) 安装bower

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$ sudo npm install -g bower

 

  5) bower不能使用sudo,要保证当前用户拥有当前目录的权限

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$sudo chown -R ubuntu:ubuntu ../frondent/

 

 

  6) bower 安装angular等依赖包

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$bower install

 

  7) 进入bower_components查看包

     

 

    各种包已经安装完成

 

3. 调试

  1) 进入angularjs项目所在地

[email protected]:~$ cd FundTray/frondent/

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$

 

  2) 安装grunt客户端

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$npm install –g grunt-cli

 

  3) 安装完成

     

 

  4) 查看grunt 客户端版本

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$ grunt -V

      grunt-cli v0.1.13

      grunt v0.4.5

 

  5) 进入系统所在目录,运行grunt server启动调试

    注意:目前只可进行本机调试,无法对外访问

     


4.  部署

  1) Grunt build

           [email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$grunt build

    

    

 

  2) cdn自动替换

[email protected]:~/FundTray/frondent$grunt cdnify:dist

    

 

  3) cdn手动替换

    有部分cdn是无法自动替换的,此时只能手动替换了

    替换

      <link rel="stylesheet"href="bower_components/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css" />

    为

      <linkhref="http://www.cnblogs.com///cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css"rel="stylesheet">

 

    替换

      <linkrel="stylesheet"href="bower_components/font-awesome/css/font-awesome.css" />

    为

      <linkhref="http://www.cnblogs.com///cdn.bootcss.com/font-awesome/4.5.0/css/font-awesome.css"rel="stylesheet">

 

  4) 查看dist

    Dist目录就是发布目录,最终的网站

     

  5) 拷贝dist到web服务器

    搭建一个web服务器(比如nginx),将dist下的所有文件拷过去即可实现访问