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[操作系统]Ubuntu apache 虚拟主机配置


区别于Windows 下apache,配置文件通常只有一个,就是httpd.conf。

本机环境是通过 apt-get install xxx

Linux下 Apache的配置文件是 /etc/apache2/apache2.conf,Apache在启动时会自动读取这个文件的配置信息。而其他的一些配置文件,如 httpd.conf等,则是通过Include指令包含进来。

在apache2.conf里有sites-enabled目录,而在 /etc/apache2下还有一个sites-available目录,其实,这里面才是真正的配置文件,而sites- enabled目录存放的只是一些指向这里的文件的符号链接,你可以用ls /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/来证实一下。

所以,如果apache上配置了多个虚拟主机,每个虚拟主机的配置文件都放在 sites-available下,那么对于虚拟主机的停用、启用就非常方便了:当在sites-enabled下建立一个指向某个虚拟主机配置文件的链 接时,就启用了它;如果要关闭某个虚拟主机的话,只需删除相应的链接即可,根本不用去改配置文件。


1.sudocp/etc/apache2/sites-avaliable/000-default.conf, 命名为test.conf

2.修改配置文件:test.conf

<VirtualHost *:80># The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that# the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating# redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName# specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to# match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this# value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.# However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.ServerName www.test.comServerAdmin webmaster@localhostDocumentRoot /var/www/html/test/ErrorLog /var/www/html/test/error.logCustomLog /var/www/html/test/access.log combined<Directory "/var/www/html/test">  Options FollowSymLinks  DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm  AllowOverride All #注意这个地方的配置,会影响本地目录下的.htaccess的启用  Order deny,allow  Allow from All</Directory># Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,# error, crit, alert, emerg.# It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular# modules, e.g.#LogLevel info ssl:warn# For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are# enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to# include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the# following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only# after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".#Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf</VirtualHost>

  

3. 建立链接文件:

sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/test.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/test.conf或者: sudo a2ensite test.conf

 

4.重启apache 服务器

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

 

5. 修改hosts(/etc/hosts)

添加127.0.0.1	www.test.com

到这里基本就可正常访问了!


附:如果这里还需要对目录级的URL重写支持,继续往下:

1.终端运行

sudo a2enmod

程序提示可供激活的模块名称,输入:rewrite

成功会提示 rewrite already load

2.修改/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/test.conf(该链接指向的是站点配置文件)
把下的AllowOverride属性改为All,保存。(上面我们已经配置为All)

3.重新加载apache

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

 

 资料参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/andhm/archive/2012/08/02/2619680.html