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[操作系统]Mac OS X 10.11.1下搭建Python3.4 + PyQt5.5.1 +Eric6.1.1开发平台


由于Python易学、开源、面向对象、可移植性高、库丰富的特点,近期开始学习Python。百度了解了各款Python IDE后,还是认为Eric比较适合我,所以踏上了安装Eric坎坷之路,从选定工具到安装成功一共花费了8天时间,从Windows到Linux再到Mac,挨个折腾了一遍,Windows的搭建比较简单,下载好相应版本直接运行exe就行了,Linux和Mac下我都是用源码包安装的,所以遇到了不少问题最后,终于在Mac上研究明白了。把搭建的整个过程写下来,和与我一样的小白分享。

PS:Mac与Linux的搭建没什么区别,Linux下的也可参考本文,由于我安装过xcode所以gcc我没有再单独去安装,没有的请根据提示自行安装。

一、准备文件

  1. Python3.4
  2. Qt5.5.1
  3. SIP4.17
  4. QScintilla2.9.1
  5. PyQt5.5.1

二、安装过程

1.安装Python3.4

            从官网(https://www.python.org/download)下载相应平台的版本安装即可

        注意!!

 

  • 如果您是iOS开发者,请不要删除python2.7,因为Xcode使用的2.7的脚本,不支持3以上版本!!!
2.安装Qt5.5.1

            从官网(http://qt-project.org/downloads)下载相应平台的版本安装即可,路径设成默认(/Users/*/Qt5.5.1)即可

            安装完成需要将Qt5添加到环境变量~/.bash_profile           

    

1 vim ~/.bash_profile

 

 

    将下面两行添加进去

1 PATH="/Users/*/Qt5.5.1/5.5/clang_64/bin:${PATH}"2 export PATH

 

3.安装SIP4.14

            下载地址:http://www.riverbankcomputing.com/software/sip/download            

1 tar -zxvf sip-4.17.tar.gz 2 cd sip-4.173 python3 configure.py 4 make && date # 加&&date是个人习惯,make成功会显示时间5 sudo make install && date # 一定要加sudo

 

4.安装QScintilla/Qt4Qt5
      下载地址:http://www.riverbankcomputing.com/software/qscintilla/download

             QScintilla2 文件中有3个文件夹的内容要分别安装:Qt4Qt5,designer-Qt4Qt5和Python。

             Qt4Qt5文件夹要在PyQt之前安装,designer-Qt4Qt5和Python要在PyQt之后安装,顺序一定要注意!!

1 cd ./QScintilla-gpl-2.9.1/Qt4Qt52 qmake qscintilla.pro3 make && date4 sudo make install && date

 

5.安装PyQt5.5.1

            下载地址:https://www.riverbankcomputing.com/software/pyqt/download5

            由于是安装在Python的site-packages里,所以要首先确定包的位置

1 python32 Python3.4.4(v3.4.4:737efcadf5a6,Dec192015,20:38:52)3 [GCC 4.2.1(AppleInc. build 5666)(dot 3)] on darwin4 Type"help","copyright","credits" or "license"for more information.5 >>> import site6 >>> site.getsitepackages()7 ['/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages','/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/site-python','/Library/Python/3.4/site-packages']

 

          知道了位置开始编译

 

1 cd PyQt-gpl-5.5.12 $python3 configure.py -q /Users/**/Qt5.5.1/5.5/clang_64/bin/qmake -d /Library/Python/3.4/site-packages/ #-q 后面的是qmake的位置,-d 后面是Python包的位置3 make && date

 

 

 

注意!!

我在执行make的时候出了一个这样的错误

1 /Users/Kallan/Documents/Python开发/PyQt-gpl-5.5.1/sip/QtPositioning/qgeolocation.sip:28:10: fatal error:2     'qgeolocation.h' file not found3   #include <qgeolocation.h>4       ^5   1 error generated.6 make[1]:***[sipQtPositioningcmodule.o]Error17 make:***[sub-QtPositioning-make_first-ordered]Error2

 

解决方法:

在/PyQt-gpl-5.5.1/QtPositioning文件夹下创建一个头文件qgeolocation.h,把下面的内容复制进去

 1   /**************************************************************************** 2   ** 3   **Copyright(C)2015TheQtCompanyLtd. 4   **Contact: http://www.qt.io/licensing/ 5   ** 6   **This file is part of the QtPositioning module of the QtToolkit. 7   ** 8   ** $QT_BEGIN_LICENSE:LGPL21$ 9   **CommercialLicenseUsage10   **Licensees holding valid commercial Qt licenses may use this file in11   ** accordance with the commercial license agreement provided with the12   **Softwareor, alternatively,in accordance with the terms contained in13   ** a written agreement between you andTheQtCompany.For licensing terms14   **and conditions see http://www.qt.io/terms-conditions.For further15   ** information use the contact form at http://www.qt.io/contact-us.16   **17   ** GNU LesserGeneralPublicLicenseUsage18   **Alternatively, this file may be used under the terms of the GNU Lesser19   **GeneralPublicLicense version 2.1or version 3as published by the Free20   **SoftwareFoundationand appearing in the file LICENSE.LGPLv21and21   ** LICENSE.LGPLv3 included in the packaging of this file.Please review the22   ** following information to ensure the GNU LesserGeneralPublicLicense23   ** requirements will be met: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html and24   ** http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/lgpl-2.1.html.25   **26   **As a special exception,TheQtCompany gives you certain additional27   ** rights.These rights are described inTheQtCompany LGPL Exception28   ** version 1.1, included in the file LGPL_EXCEPTION.txt in this package.29   **30   ** $QT_END_LICENSE$31   **32   ****************************************************************************/33   #ifndef QGEOLOCATION_H34   #define QGEOLOCATION_H35   #include <QtCore/QSharedDataPointer>36   #include <QtCore/QMetaType>37   #include <QtPositioning/qpositioningglobal.h>38   QT_BEGIN_NAMESPACE39   classQGeoAddress;40   classQGeoCoordinate;41   classQGeoRectangle;42   classQGeoLocationPrivate;43   class Q_POSITIONING_EXPORT QGeoLocation44   {45   public:46     QGeoLocation();47    QGeoLocation(const QGeoLocation&other);48    ~QGeoLocation();49    QGeoLocation&operator=(const QGeoLocation&other);50    bool operator==(const QGeoLocation&other) const;51    bool operator!=(const QGeoLocation&other) const {52      return!(other ==*this);53     }54    QGeoAddress address() const;55    void setAddress(const QGeoAddress&address);56    QGeoCoordinate coordinate() const;57    void setCoordinate(const QGeoCoordinate&position);58    QGeoRectangle boundingBox() const;59    void setBoundingBox(const QGeoRectangle&box);60    bool isEmpty() const;61   private:62    QSharedDataPointer<QGeoLocationPrivate> d;63   };64   Q_DECLARE_TYPEINFO(QGeoLocation, Q_MOVABLE_TYPE);65   QT_END_NAMESPACE66   Q_DECLARE_METATYPE(QGeoLocation)67   #endif

 

继续!

1 make && date2 sudo make install && date

 

6.安装QScintilla/Python
1 cd /QScintilla-gpl-2.9.1/Python2 python3 configure.py --pyqt=PyQt5-d /Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5--pyqt-sipdir=/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/share/sip/PyQt5-v /Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/share/sip/PyQt53 make && date4 sudo make install && date

 

如果在Python里import不会报错,即代表安装成功,可继续往下进行

1 python32 Python3.4.4(v3.4.4:737efcadf5a6,Dec192015,20:38:52)3 [GCC 4.2.1(AppleInc. build 5666)(dot 3)] on darwin4 Type"help","copyright","credits" or "license"for more information.5 >>> import PyQt5.Qsci6 >>> exit()

 

7.安装QScintilla/designer-Qt4Qt5        
1 cd /QScintilla-gpl-2.9.1/designer-Qt4Qt52 qmake designer.pro3 make && date4 sudo make install && date

 

8.安装Eric6

下载地址:http://sourceforge.net/projects/eric-ide/files/eric6/stable/

下载其中的eric6-6.1.1.tar主文件和eric6-i18n-zh_CN.GB2312-6.1.1.tar中文语言包。

将两个文件提取出来,将中文语音包的eric复制到主文件内合并

1 cd eric6-6.1.12 sudo python3 install.py 

 

配置Eric6

1、选择Eric6-> preference -> Editor -> Autocompation。勾选所有选框;

2.Editor -> QScintilla 。勾上左右的两个选框,然后在下面source中,选择from Document and API files;

3.Editor -> APIs。勾选Complie APIs Autocompation,在Language中,选择python3。点面下面的Add from installed APIs按钮,选择住需要的.api文件。最后点击Compile APIs;

4、Interface -> Interface。Language选择中文,重启生效。

大功告成!

三、曾经遇到的问题

1.安装QScintilla designer-Qt4Qt5时报错!

 

1 root@kallan:/media/kallan/D盘/编程学习/python/QScintilla-gpl-2.9.1/designer-Qt4Qt5# qmake -qt5 designer.pro Project ERROR: Unknown module(s) in QT: designer

 

 

 

原因: Qt没有安装好

2.安装QScintilla Python时报错!
1 python3 configure.py --pyqt=PyQt5-d /Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5--pyqt-sipdir=/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/share/sip/PyQt5--qsci-sipdir=/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/share/sip/PyQt52 Error:Make sure you have a working sip on your PATH or use the --sip argument3 to explicitly specify a working sip.

 

原因:没有安装SIP

3.安装QScintilla Python时报错!
 1 python3 configure.py --pyqt=PyQt5 2 ConfiguringQScintilla2.9.1... 3 QScintilla2.9.1 is being used. 4 TheQScintilla.sip files will be installed in/usr/share/sip/PyQt5. 5 TheQScintilla module will be installed in 6 /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/PyQt5. 7 PyQt5.3.1 is being used. 8 Qt5.3.1 is being used. 9 sip 4.16.2 is being used.10 The sip executable is /usr/bin/sip.11 TheQScintilla module is being built with 'protected' redefined as 'public'.12 TheQScintilla API file will be installed in/usr/share/qt5/qsci/api/python.13 Generating the C++ source for the Qsci module...14 Error:Unable to create the C++ code.

 

原因:安装顺序错误——先安装的PyQt5,而后安装的QScintilla Qt4Qt5

4.QScintilla的Python安装完成但是在Python中import时报错!
1 >>> import PyQt5.Qsci2 Traceback(most recent call last):3 File"<stdin>", line 1,in<module>4 ImportError: dlopen(/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5/Qsci.so,2):Library not loaded:@rpath/QtPrintSupport.framework/Versions/5/QtPrintSupport5 Referenced from:/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5/Qsci.so6 Reason: image not found

 

5.安装Eric报错!
1 python3 install.py2 Checking dependencies3 PythonVersion:3.4.44 FoundPyQt55 Sorry, please install QScintilla2 and6 its PyQt5/PyQt4 wrapper.7 Error: dlopen(/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5/Qsci.so,2):Library not loaded:@rpath/QtPrintSupport.framework/Versions/5/QtPrintSupport8 Referenced from:/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.4/lib/python3.4/site-packages/PyQt5/Qsci.so9 Reason: image not found

 

4和5问题的原因是一样的,QScintilla的Python没有安装成功


 




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