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[数据库]CentOS 7下MySQL服务启动失败的解决思路


今天,启动MySQL服务器失败,如下所示:

[root@spark01 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld startStarting mysqld (via systemctl): Job for mysqld.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status mysqld.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.                              [FAILED]

根据提示,分别使用systemctl status mysqld.service和journalctl -xe查看服务启动失败的原因

[root@spark01 ~]# systemctl status mysqld.service

?.mysqld.service - SYSV: MySQL database server.  Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld)  Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Wed 2016-01-20 18:26:57 CST; 40s ago   Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8) Process: 2979 ExecStart=/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld start (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)Jan 20 18:26:56 spark01 systemd[1]: Starting SYSV: MySQL database server....Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: MySQL Daemon failed to start.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: Starting mysqld: [FAILED]Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Failed to start SYSV: MySQL database server..Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Unit mysqld.service entered failed state.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service failed.

[root@spark01 ~]# journalctl -xe

-- -- Unit session-2.scope has begun starting up.Jan 20 18:26:48 spark01 sshd[2916]: pam_unix(sshd:session): session opened for user spark by (uid=0)Jan 20 18:26:52 spark01 su[2944]: (to root) spark on pts/1Jan 20 18:26:52 spark01 su[2944]: pam_unix(su-l:session): session opened for user root by spark(uid=1000)Jan 20 18:26:56 spark01 polkitd[909]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:2974:117137 (system bus name :1.25Jan 20 18:26:56 spark01 systemd[1]: Starting SYSV: MySQL database server....-- Subject: Unit mysqld.service has begun start-up-- Defined-By: systemd-- Support: http://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/systemd-devel-- -- Unit mysqld.service has begun starting up.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: MySQL Daemon failed to start.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 mysqld[2979]: Starting mysqld: [FAILED]Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Failed to start SYSV: MySQL database server..-- Subject: Unit mysqld.service has failed-- Defined-By: systemd-- Support: http://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/systemd-devel-- -- Unit mysqld.service has failed.-- -- The result is failed.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: Unit mysqld.service entered failed state.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 systemd[1]: mysqld.service failed.Jan 20 18:26:57 spark01 polkitd[909]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:2974:117137 (system bus name :1.

但,可惜的时,这些信息并不能提供服务启动失败的真正原因。

这时候,不妨打开MySQL的告警日志,毕竟,只要MySQL服务启动,告警日志都会有输出信息的,果然

2016-01-20T10:00:19.935771Z 0 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 2 - No such file or directory)2016-01-20T10:00:19.935795Z 0 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: No such file or directory160120 18:00:20 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended

MySQL服务在启动的时候,不能创建pid文件。

在终端看一下该目录是否存在,果然,不存在。

于是,创建了/var/run/mysqld/目录,重启MySQL服务

[root@spark01 ~]# mkdir -p /var/run/mysqld/

[root@spark01 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start

Starting mysqld (via systemctl): Job for mysqld.service failed because the control process exited with error code. See "systemctl status mysqld.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.                              [FAILED]

依旧报错,重新查看告警日志,有以下输出

2016-01-20T10:28:37.183387Z 0 [ERROR] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode: 13 - Permission denied)2016-01-20T10:28:37.183431Z 0 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PID file: Permission denied160120 18:28:37 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended160120 18:32:06 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql

原来,/var/run/mysqld/的属主和属组还是root,mysql并不能在其中创建文件,后修改该目录的属主和属组,启动OK。

[root@spark01 ~]# ls -ld /var/run/mysqld/drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 40 Jan 20 18:28 /var/run/mysqld/[root@spark01 ~]# chown mysql.mysql /var/run/mysqld/[root@spark01 ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld startStarting mysqld (via systemctl):              [ OK ]

 

总结:

以前在玩Kubernetes的时候,常遇到启动失败的情况,根据systemctl的提示,通过systemctl status mysqld.service和journalctl -xe命令查看服务启动失败的原因往往并不如人意,反而给了一种错误的暗示,以为这个跟系统有关。其实,通过查看服务的日志,往往更能清晰的知道服务启动失败的原因。