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[ASP.net教程]Excel导入导出帮助类


   /// <summary>
    /// Excel导入导出帮助类
    /// 记得引入 NPOI
    /// 下载地址   http://npoi.codeplex.com/releases/
    /// </summary>

public class ExcelHelper
    {
        #region 导出Excel

        /// <summary>
        /// 导出Excel  注:model 字段必须加[DisplayName("XXX")]不要导出的标为[DisplayName("null")],并且不要导出的字段放在最后,要导出的放前面
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="p_List">数据集合</param>
        /// <param name="p_Title">Excel路径</param>
        /// <param name="ColumnsCount">总列数</param>
        public void ToExcel<T>(List<T> p_List, string p_Title, int ColumnsCount)
        {
            if (p_List == null || p_List.Count <= 0 || ColumnsCount <= 0)
            {
                return;
            }
            PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));

            if (properties.Count <= 0)
            {
                return;
            }

            StringBuilder ExcelInfo = new StringBuilder();
            string sign = string.Empty;
            string DisplayName = string.Empty;
            //写表头
            for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
            {
                DisplayName = properties[i].DisplayName;
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(DisplayName) && DisplayName != "null" && DisplayName != "Id")
                {
                    sign = i == ColumnsCount - 1 ? "\n" : "\t";
                    ExcelInfo.AppendFormat("{0}{1}", DisplayName, sign);
                }
            }

            //写表内容
            for (int i = 0; i < p_List.Count; i++)
            {
                for (int j = 0; j < ColumnsCount; j++)
                {
                    DisplayName = properties[j].DisplayName;
                    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(DisplayName) && DisplayName != "null" && DisplayName != "Id")
                    {
                        sign = j == ColumnsCount - 1 ? "\n" : "\t";
                        object obj = properties[j].GetValue(p_List[i]);
                        obj = obj == null ? string.Empty : obj.ToString();
                        ExcelInfo.AppendFormat("{0}{1}", obj, sign);
                    }
                }
            }

            HttpResponse p_Response = HttpContext.Current.Response;
            p_Response.Clear();
            p_Response.ClearContent();
            p_Response.Buffer = true;

            //设置Http的头信息,编码格式
            p_Response.AppendHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + p_Title + ".xls");
            p_Response.ContentType = "application/ms-excel";

            //设置编码
            p_Response.Charset = "gb2312";
            p_Response.ContentEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding("gb2312");
            p_Response.Write(ExcelInfo);
            p_Response.Flush();
            p_Response.Close();
            p_Response.End();
        }

        #endregion


        #region 导入Excel数据

        /// <summary>
        /// OleDB连接Excel文件 --> DataSet
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="xlsFilePath">.xls文件路径</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static DataSet XlsToDataSet(string xlsFilePath)
        {
            OleDbConnection oleDBConn = new OleDbConnection();
            OleDbDataAdapter oleAdMaster = new OleDbDataAdapter();
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();

            try
            {
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(xlsFilePath);
                if (!file.Exists)
                {
                    throw new Exception("文件不存在。");
                }

                string extension = file.Extension.ToLower();
                StringBuilder oleDBConnStr = new StringBuilder();
                switch (extension)
                {
                    case ".xls":
                        oleDBConnStr.AppendFormat("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.Oledb.4.0;Data Source={0};Extended Properties='Excel 8.0;HDR=NO;IMEX=1';", xlsFilePath);//此连接只能操作Excel2007之前(.xls)文件
                        //备注: "HDR=yes;"是说Excel文件的第一行是列名而不是数据,"HDR=No;"正好与前面的相反。
                        //      "IMEX=1 "如果列中的数据类型不一致,使用"IMEX=1"可必免数据类型冲突。
                        break;
                    case ".xlsx":
                        oleDBConnStr.AppendFormat("Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source={0};Extended Properties='Excel 12.0;HDR=Yes;IMEX=1';", xlsFilePath);
                        break;
                    default:
                        oleDBConnStr.AppendFormat("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source={0};Extended Properties=Excel 8.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=1;", xlsFilePath);
                        break;
                }

                oleDBConn = new OleDbConnection(oleDBConnStr.ToString());
                oleDBConn.Open();

                DataTable tableStructure = oleDBConn.GetOleDbSchemaTable(OleDbSchemaGuid.Tables, null);

                if (tableStructure != null && tableStructure.Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    tableStructure.TableName = tableStructure.Rows[0]["TABLE_NAME"].ToString();
                    StringBuilder sqlStr = new StringBuilder();
                    sqlStr.AppendFormat("select * from [{0}]", tableStructure.TableName);

                    oleAdMaster = new OleDbDataAdapter(sqlStr.ToString(), oleDBConn);
                    oleAdMaster.Fill(ds, "m_tableName");

                    if (ds.Tables["m_tableName"].Rows.Count <= 0)
                    {
                        throw new Exception("excel文件中没有有客户数据,请录入数据。");
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    throw new Exception("未能找到该上传的excel文件。");
                }
            }
            finally
            {
                oleAdMaster.Dispose();
                oleDBConn.Close();
                oleDBConn.Dispose();
            }

            return ds;
        }

        #endregion

        #region NPOI 导出Excel

        private const Int32 MaxRowPerSheet = 65535;
        private Int32 rowPerSheet = 1000;
        public Int32 RowPerSheet
        {
            get { return rowPerSheet; }
            set
            {
                if (value < 0 || value > MaxRowPerSheet)
                {
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("RowPerSheet");
                }
                else
                {
                    rowPerSheet = value;
                }
            }
        }


        HSSFWorkbook hssfworkbook;

        public void Export<T>(IList<T> records)
        {
            if (records.Count == 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("无导出数据。");

            PropertyDescriptorCollection properties = TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
            int ColumnsCount = properties.Count;
            PropertyInfo[] props = new PropertyInfo[ColumnsCount];
            string DisplayName = string.Empty;
            for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
            {
                DisplayName = properties[i].DisplayName;
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(DisplayName) && DisplayName != "null" && DisplayName != "Id")
                {
                    props[i] = typeof(T).GetProperty(properties[i].Name); //注意属性数组仍然可以有元素为null
                }
            }

            ISheet sheet = null;
            IRow row = null;

            for (int r = 0; r < records.Count; r++)
            {
                if ((r % RowPerSheet) == 0)
                {
                    Int32 sheetIndex = (Int32)((Double)r / RowPerSheet) + 1;
                    sheet = hssfworkbook.CreateSheet("Sheet" + sheetIndex);
                    row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
                    for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
                    {
                        DisplayName = properties[i].DisplayName;
                        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(DisplayName) && DisplayName != "null" && DisplayName != "Id")
                        {
                            row.CreateCell(i).SetCellValue(properties[i].DisplayName);
                        }
                    }
                    Console.WriteLine();
                }

                //注意CreateRow(Int32 rownum)中参数rownum虽然从第0行开始,但因为表头存在,每次得往下一行
                row = sheet.CreateRow(r % RowPerSheet + 1);
                for (int i = 0; i < props.Length; i++)
                {
                    if (props[i] != null) //注意null检查
                    {
                        Object value = props[i].GetValue(records[r], null);
                        if (value != null)
                        {
                            row.CreateCell(i).SetCellValue(value.ToString());
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            for (Int32 i = 0; i < hssfworkbook.NumberOfSheets; i++)
            {
                sheet = hssfworkbook.GetSheetAt(i);
                for (Int32 h = 0; h < ColumnsCount; h++)
                {
                    sheet.AutoSizeColumn(h); //每列宽度自适应
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 导出Excel
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="T">泛型</typeparam>
        /// <param name="records">数据</param>
        /// <param name="filename">Excel名称</param>
        public void SaveToExcel<T>(IList<T> records, string fileName)
        {
            RowPerSheet = 100;

            string userAgent = HttpContext.Current.Request.ServerVariables["http_user_agent"].ToLower();
            if (userAgent.IndexOf("firefox") == -1)//判断是否是火狐浏览器
                fileName = HttpUtility.UrlEncode(fileName, System.Text.Encoding.UTF8);

            HttpResponse p_Response = HttpContext.Current.Response;
            p_Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.ms-excel";
            p_Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", string.Format("attachment;filename={0}", fileName));
            p_Response.Clear();

            InitializeWorkbook();
            Export<T>(records);
            GetExcelStream().WriteTo(p_Response.OutputStream);
            p_Response.End();
        }

        MemoryStream GetExcelStream()
        {
            //Write the stream data of workbook to the root directory
            MemoryStream file = new MemoryStream();
            hssfworkbook.Write(file);
            return file;
        }

        void InitializeWorkbook()
        {
            hssfworkbook = new HSSFWorkbook();

            ////create a entry of DocumentSummaryInformation
            DocumentSummaryInformation dsi = PropertySetFactory.CreateDocumentSummaryInformation();
            // dsi.Company = "NPOI Team";
            hssfworkbook.DocumentSummaryInformation = dsi;

            ////create a entry of SummaryInformation
            SummaryInformation si = PropertySetFactory.CreateSummaryInformation();
            //  si.Subject = "NPOI SDK Example";
            hssfworkbook.SummaryInformation = si;
        }

        #endregion

        #region NPOI 导入Excel

        /// <summary>
        /// Excel转换DataTable
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="FilePath">文件的绝对路径</param>
        /// <returns>DataTable</returns>
        public static DataTable ExcelInput(string FilePath)
        {
            DataTable dt = new DataTable();

            HSSFWorkbook hssfworkbook;
            using (FileStream file = new FileStream(FilePath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                hssfworkbook = new HSSFWorkbook(file);
            }
            ISheet sheet = hssfworkbook.GetSheetAt(0);
            System.Collections.IEnumerator rows = sheet.GetRowEnumerator();

            IRow headerRow = sheet.GetRow(0);
            int cellCount = headerRow.LastCellNum;

            for (int j = 0; j < cellCount; j++)
            {
                ICell cell = headerRow.GetCell(j);
                dt.Columns.Add(cell.ToString());
            }

            for (int i = (sheet.FirstRowNum + 1); i <= sheet.LastRowNum; i++)
            {
                IRow row = sheet.GetRow(i);
                DataRow dataRow = dt.NewRow();

                for (int j = row.FirstCellNum; j < cellCount; j++)
                {
                    if (row.GetCell(j) != null)
                        dataRow[j] = row.GetCell(j).ToString();
                }

                dt.Rows.Add(dataRow);
            }
            return dt;
        }

        #endregion
    }