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[操作系统]apache ab test使用 单独安装ab和htpasswd


apache ab test使用 apache ab test使用 单独安装ab和htpasswd

转载自:

http://www.cnblogs.com/super-d2/p/3831155.html#top

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-20382003-id-3032167.html

 

单独安装ab和htpasswd

yum install httpd-tools完成后,就可以直接运行ab# which ab/usr/bin/ab# rpm -qf /usr/bin/abhttpd-tools-2.2.15-47.el6.centos.1.x86_64# which htpasswd/usr/bin/htpasswd

 

 

压测方法,一定要指定页面名

/usr/bin/ab -n 3000 -c 3000 https://www.baidu.com/index.php

 

压测之前先执行下面命令

ulimit -n 65535

 

 

先查看一下版本信息 ab -V(注意是大写的V)

 2、我们也可以使用小写的v查看下ab命令的一些属性 ab -v

 

1、命令格式
ab命令放在apache目录bin目录下面,使用方法如下

./ab -n 3000 -c 3000 http://www.test.com/
其中-n代表每次并发量,-c代表总共发送的数量

2、测试结果分析
[root@Svr107 bin]# ./ab -n 3000 -c 3000 http://www.test.com/
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking www.twioo.com (be patient)
Completed 300 requests
Completed 600 requests
Completed 900 requests
Completed 1200 requests
Completed 1500 requests
Completed 1800 requests
Completed 2100 requests
Completed 2400 requests
Completed 2700 requests
Completed 3000 requests
Finished 3000 requests


Server Software: nginx/0.7.65
Server Hostname: www.test.com
Server Port: 80

Document Path: / ###请求的资源
Document Length: 50679 bytes ###文档返回的长度,不包括相应头

Concurrency Level: 3000 ###并发个数
Time taken for tests: 30.449 seconds ###总请求时间
Complete requests: 3000 ###总请求数
Failed requests: 0 ###失败的请求数
Write errors: 0
Total transferred: 152745000 bytes
HTML transferred: 152037000 bytes
Requests per second: 98.52 [#/sec] (mean) ###平均每秒的请求数
Time per request: 30449.217 [ms] (mean) ###平均每个请求消耗的时间
Time per request: 10.150 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests) ###上面的请求除以并发数
Transfer rate: 4898.81 [Kbytes/sec] received ###传输速率

Connection Times (ms)
min mean[+/-sd] median max
Connect: 2 54 27.1 55 98
Processing: 51 8452 5196.8 7748 30361
Waiting: 50 6539 5432.8 6451 30064
Total: 54 8506 5210.5 7778 30436

Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
50% 7778 ###50%的请求都在7778Ms内完成
66% 11059
75% 11888
80% 12207
90% 13806
95% 18520
98% 24232
99% 24559
100% 30436 (longest request)


3、如果用ab访问的是本机上的web服务器,使用127.0.0.1或者是web服务器上的网卡IP地址,这个是不走网络设备的,可以忽略网络消耗


4、ab使用的一些问题
a、ab命令在一般系统上面做测试时候,一般并发不能超过1024个,其实是因为因为系统限制每个进程打开的最大文件数为1024,可以用ulimit -a来查看
open files (-n) 65536 ##这个我系统已经修改过
b、-n 可以指定最大请求数,但是不能超过50000个
c、-v n 当n>=2 时,可以显示发送的http请求头,和响应的http头及内容,压力测试时不要这么做
[root@Svr107 bin]# ./ab -n 1 -c 1 -v 2 http://www.test.com/
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking www.test.com (be patient)...INFO: POST header ==
---
GET / HTTP/1.0
Host: www.test.com
User-Agent: ApacheBench/2.3
Accept: */*


---
LOG: header received:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: nginx/0.7.65
Date: Thu, 01 Dec 2011 13:08:16 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Connection: close
Vary: Accept-Encoding
Content-Length: 50515
Last-Modified: Thu, 01 Dec 2011 13:08:04 GMT
Accept-Ranges: bytes

<sc< div="">
..done


Server Software: nginx/0.7.65
Server Hostname: www.test.com
Server Port: 80

Document Path: /
Document Length: 50515 bytes

Concurrency Level: 1
Time taken for tests: 0.006 seconds
Complete requests: 1
Failed requests: 0
Write errors: 0
Total transferred: 50751 bytes
HTML transferred: 50515 bytes
Requests per second: 176.27 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request: 5.673 [ms] (mean)
Time per request: 5.673 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate: 8736.39 [Kbytes/sec] received

Connection Times (ms)
min mean[+/-sd] median max
Connect: 0 0 0.0 0 0
Processing: 5 5 0.0 5 5
Waiting: 1 1 0.0 1 1
Total: 6 6 0.0 6 6

在做压力测试的时候,一般情况下压力测试客户端接收到的数据量一定会远大于发送出去的数据量

 

问题

b -n 3000 -c 3000 http://192.168.0.2/
This is ApacheBench, Version 2.3 <$Revision: 655654 $>
Copyright 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/
Licensed to The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/

Benchmarking 192.168.0.2 (be patient)
socket: Too many open files (24)

解决方法:

查看当前要以打开的文件个数

[root@zabbix ~]# ulimit -a
core file size          (blocks, -c) 0
data seg size           (kbytes, -d) unlimited
scheduling priority             (-e) 0
file size               (blocks, -f) unlimited
pending signals                 (-i) 14802
max locked memory       (kbytes, -l) 64
max memory size         (kbytes, -m) unlimited
open files                      (-n) 1024    #只能打开1024个socket文件 /端口
pipe size            (512 bytes, -p) 8
POSIX message queues     (bytes, -q) 819200
real-time priority              (-r) 0
stack size              (kbytes, -s) 10240
cpu time               (seconds, -t) unlimited
max user processes              (-u) 14802
virtual memory          (kbytes, -v) unlimited
file locks                      (-x) unlimited

调整可以打开的文件数

[root@zabbix ~]# ulimit -n 65535
重新执行ab命令即可解决