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[操作系统]拍照(二)得到全尺寸图片,并进行压缩


<LinearLayout ="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  android:layout_width="match_parent"  android:layout_height="match_parent"  android:orientation="vertical" >  <Button    android:id="@+id/take_photo"    android:layout_width="match_parent"    android:layout_height="wrap_content"    android:text="Take Photo" />  <Button    android:id="@+id/get_photo"    android:layout_width="match_parent"    android:layout_height="wrap_content"    android:text="get Photo" />  <ImageView    android:id="@+id/picture"    android:layout_width="300dp"    android:layout_height="300dp"    android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal" /></LinearLayout>

 

package com.example.choosepictest;import java.io.File;import java.io.IOException;import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;import java.util.Date;import android.app.Activity;import android.content.Intent;import android.graphics.Bitmap;import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;import android.net.Uri;import android.os.Bundle;import android.os.Environment;import android.provider.MediaStore;import android.view.View;import android.view.View.OnClickListener;import android.widget.Button;import android.widget.ImageView;public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {  static final int REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE = 1;  private Button takePhoto;  private Button getPhoto;  private ImageView picture;  private Uri imgUri;  @Override  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);    takePhoto = (Button) findViewById(R.id.take_photo);    getPhoto = (Button) findViewById(R.id.get_photo);    picture = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.picture);    takePhoto.setOnClickListener(this);    getPhoto.setOnClickListener(this);  }    @Override  public void onClick(View v) {    switch (v.getId()) {    case R.id.take_photo:      dispatchTakePictureIntent();      break;        default:      break;    }  }    // 保存全尺寸照片  String mCurrentPhotoPath;  private void dispatchTakePictureIntent() {        File appDir = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),        "/etoury/picCache");    if (!appDir.exists()) {      appDir.mkdir();    }    String timeStamp = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMdd_HHmmss")        .format(new Date());    String fileName = timeStamp + ".jpg";        File outputImage = new File(appDir, fileName);    try {      if (outputImage.exists()) {        outputImage.delete();      }      outputImage.createNewFile();    } catch (IOException e) {      e.printStackTrace();    }    mCurrentPhotoPath = outputImage.getAbsolutePath();    imgUri = Uri.fromFile(outputImage);    // 意图 相机    Intent intent = new Intent("android.media.action.IMAGE_CAPTURE");    intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, imgUri);    // 如果有相机    if (intent.resolveActivity(getPackageManager()) != null) {      startActivityForResult(intent, REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE);    }  }    //解码缩放图片(Decode a Scaled Image)  private void setPic() {    // Get the dimensions of the View    int targetW = picture.getWidth();    int targetH = picture.getHeight();    // Get the dimensions of the bitmap    BitmapFactory.Options bmOptions = new BitmapFactory.Options();    // 该 值设为true那么将不返回实际的bitmap,也不给其分配内存空间这样就避免内存溢出了。但是允许我们查询图片的信息这其中就包括图片大小信息    bmOptions.inJustDecodeBounds = true;    BitmapFactory.decodeFile(mCurrentPhotoPath, bmOptions);    int photoW = bmOptions.outWidth;    int photoH = bmOptions.outHeight;    // Determine how much to scale down the image    // Math.min求最小值    int scaleFactor = Math.min(photoW/targetW, photoH/targetH);    // Decode the image file into a Bitmap sized to fill the View    bmOptions.inJustDecodeBounds = false;    // 设置恰当的inSampleSize可以使BitmapFactory分配更少的空间以消除该错误    bmOptions.inSampleSize = scaleFactor;    // 如果inPurgeable设为True的话表示使用BitmapFactory创建的Bitmap,用于存储Pixel的内存空间在系统内存不足时可以被回收    bmOptions.inPurgeable = true;    Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(mCurrentPhotoPath, bmOptions);    picture.setImageBitmap(bitmap);  }    @Override  protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {    if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {      switch (requestCode) {      case REQUEST_IMAGE_CAPTURE:        setPic();        break;      default:        break;      }    }  }}