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[ASP.net教程]备忘_汉字转拼音或转拼音首字母


 1 /// <summary> 2 /// 汉字转拼音或转拼音首字母 3 /// </summary> 4 public class ChineseToSpell 5 { 6  7   private static int[] pyValue = new int[] 8   { 9   -20319,-20317,-20304,-20295,-20292,-20283,-20265,-20257,-20242,-20230,-20051,-20036, 10   -20032,-20026,-20002,-19990,-19986,-19982,-19976,-19805,-19784,-19775,-19774,-19763, 11   -19756,-19751,-19746,-19741,-19739,-19728,-19725,-19715,-19540,-19531,-19525,-19515, 12   -19500,-19484,-19479,-19467,-19289,-19288,-19281,-19275,-19270,-19263,-19261,-19249, 13   -19243,-19242,-19238,-19235,-19227,-19224,-19218,-19212,-19038,-19023,-19018,-19006, 14   -19003,-18996,-18977,-18961,-18952,-18783,-18774,-18773,-18763,-18756,-18741,-18735, 15   -18731,-18722,-18710,-18697,-18696,-18526,-18518,-18501,-18490,-18478,-18463,-18448, 16   -18447,-18446,-18239,-18237,-18231,-18220,-18211,-18201,-18184,-18183, -18181,-18012, 17   -17997,-17988,-17970,-17964,-17961,-17950,-17947,-17931,-17928,-17922,-17759,-17752, 18   -17733,-17730,-17721,-17703,-17701,-17697,-17692,-17683,-17676,-17496,-17487,-17482, 19   -17468,-17454,-17433,-17427,-17417,-17202,-17185,-16983,-16970,-16942,-16915,-16733, 20   -16708,-16706,-16689,-16664,-16657,-16647,-16474,-16470,-16465,-16459,-16452,-16448, 21   -16433,-16429,-16427,-16423,-16419,-16412,-16407,-16403,-16401,-16393,-16220,-16216, 22   -16212,-16205,-16202,-16187,-16180,-16171,-16169,-16158,-16155,-15959,-15958,-15944, 23   -15933,-15920,-15915,-15903,-15889,-15878,-15707,-15701,-15681,-15667,-15661,-15659, 24   -15652,-15640,-15631,-15625,-15454,-15448,-15436,-15435,-15419,-15416,-15408,-15394, 25   -15385,-15377,-15375,-15369,-15363,-15362,-15183,-15180,-15165,-15158,-15153,-15150, 26   -15149,-15144,-15143,-15141,-15140,-15139,-15128,-15121,-15119,-15117,-15110,-15109, 27   -14941,-14937,-14933,-14930,-14929,-14928,-14926,-14922,-14921,-14914,-14908,-14902, 28   -14894,-14889,-14882,-14873,-14871,-14857,-14678,-14674,-14670,-14668,-14663,-14654, 29   -14645,-14630,-14594,-14429,-14407,-14399,-14384,-14379,-14368,-14355,-14353,-14345, 30   -14170,-14159,-14151,-14149,-14145,-14140,-14137,-14135,-14125,-14123,-14122,-14112, 31   -14109,-14099,-14097,-14094,-14092,-14090,-14087,-14083,-13917,-13914,-13910,-13907, 32   -13906,-13905,-13896,-13894,-13878,-13870,-13859,-13847,-13831,-13658,-13611,-13601, 33   -13406,-13404,-13400,-13398,-13395,-13391,-13387,-13383,-13367,-13359,-13356,-13343, 34   -13340,-13329,-13326,-13318,-13147,-13138,-13120,-13107,-13096,-13095,-13091,-13076, 35   -13068,-13063,-13060,-12888,-12875,-12871,-12860,-12858,-12852,-12849,-12838,-12831, 36   -12829,-12812,-12802,-12607,-12597,-12594,-12585,-12556,-12359,-12346,-12320,-12300, 37   -12120,-12099,-12089,-12074,-12067,-12058,-12039,-11867,-11861,-11847,-11831,-11798, 38   -11781,-11604,-11589,-11536,-11358,-11340,-11339,-11324,-11303,-11097,-11077,-11067, 39   -11055,-11052,-11045,-11041,-11038,-11024,-11020,-11019,-11018,-11014,-10838,-10832, 40   -10815,-10800,-10790,-10780,-10764,-10587,-10544,-10533,-10519,-10331,-10329,-10328, 41   -10322,-10315,-10309,-10307,-10296,-10281,-10274,-10270,-10262,-10260,-10256,-10254 42   }; 43   private static string[] pyName = new string[] 44   { 45   "A","Ai","An","Ang","Ao","Ba","Bai","Ban","Bang","Bao","Bei","Ben", 46   "Beng","Bi","Bian","Biao","Bie","Bin","Bing","Bo","Bu","Ba","Cai","Can", 47   "Cang","Cao","Ce","Ceng","Cha","Chai","Chan","Chang","Chao","Che","Chen","Cheng", 48   "Chi","Chong","Chou","Chu","Chuai","Chuan","Chuang","Chui","Chun","Chuo","Ci","Cong", 49   "Cou","Cu","Cuan","Cui","Cun","Cuo","Da","Dai","Dan","Dang","Dao","De", 50   "Deng","Di","Dian","Diao","Die","Ding","Diu","Dong","Dou","Du","Duan","Dui", 51   "Dun","Duo","E","En","Er","Fa","Fan","Fang","Fei","Fen","Feng","Fo", 52   "Fou","Fu","Ga","Gai","Gan","Gang","Gao","Ge","Gei","Gen","Geng","Gong", 53   "Gou","Gu","Gua","Guai","Guan","Guang","Gui","Gun","Guo","Ha","Hai","Han", 54   "Hang","Hao","He","Hei","Hen","Heng","Hong","Hou","Hu","Hua","Huai","Huan", 55   "Huang","Hui","Hun","Huo","Ji","Jia","Jian","Jiang","Jiao","Jie","Jin","Jing", 56   "Jiong","Jiu","Ju","Juan","Jue","Jun","Ka","Kai","Kan","Kang","Kao","Ke", 57   "Ken","Keng","Kong","Kou","Ku","Kua","Kuai","Kuan","Kuang","Kui","Kun","Kuo", 58   "La","Lai","Lan","Lang","Lao","Le","Lei","Leng","Li","Lia","Lian","Liang", 59   "Liao","Lie","Lin","Ling","Liu","Long","Lou","Lu","Lv","Luan","Lue","Lun", 60   "Luo","Ma","Mai","Man","Mang","Mao","Me","Mei","Men","Meng","Mi","Mian", 61   "Miao","Mie","Min","Ming","Miu","Mo","Mou","Mu","Na","Nai","Nan","Nang", 62   "Nao","Ne","Nei","Nen","Neng","Ni","Nian","Niang","Niao","Nie","Nin","Ning", 63   "Niu","Nong","Nu","Nv","Nuan","Nue","Nuo","O","Ou","Pa","Pai","Pan", 64   "Pang","Pao","Pei","Pen","Peng","Pi","Pian","Piao","Pie","Pin","Ping","Po", 65   "Pu","Qi","Qia","Qian","Qiang","Qiao","Qie","Qin","Qing","Qiong","Qiu","Qu", 66   "Quan","Que","Qun","Ran","Rang","Rao","Re","Ren","Reng","Ri","Rong","Rou", 67   "Ru","Ruan","Rui","Run","Ruo","Sa","Sai","San","Sang","Sao","Se","Sen", 68   "Seng","Sha","Shai","Shan","Shang","Shao","She","Shen","Sheng","Shi","Shou","Shu", 69   "Shua","Shuai","Shuan","Shuang","Shui","Shun","Shuo","Si","Song","Sou","Su","Suan", 70   "Sui","Sun","Suo","Ta","Tai","Tan","Tang","Tao","Te","Teng","Ti","Tian", 71   "Tiao","Tie","Ting","Tong","Tou","Tu","Tuan","Tui","Tun","Tuo","Wa","Wai", 72   "Wan","Wang","Wei","Wen","Weng","Wo","Wu","Xi","Xia","Xian","Xiang","Xiao", 73   "Xie","Xin","Xing","Xiong","Xiu","Xu","Xuan","Xue","Xun","Ya","Yan","Yang", 74   "Yao","Ye","Yi","Yin","Ying","Yo","Yong","You","Yu","Yuan","Yue","Yun", 75   "Za", "Zai","Zan","Zang","Zao","Ze","Zei","Zen","Zeng","Zha","Zhai","Zhan", 76   "Zhang","Zhao","Zhe","Zhen","Zheng","Zhi","Zhong","Zhou","Zhu","Zhua","Zhuai","Zhuan", 77   "Zhuang","Zhui","Zhun","Zhuo","Zi","Zong","Zou","Zu","Zuan","Zui","Zun","Zuo" 78   }; 79  80   /// <summary> 81   /// 把汉字转换成拼音(全拼) 82   /// </summary> 83   /// <param name="hzString">汉字字符串</param> 84   /// <returns>转换后的拼音(全拼)字符串</returns> 85   public static string CharacterConvertString(string hzString) 86   { 87     // 匹配中文字符 88     Regex regex = new Regex("^[\u4e00-\u9fa5]$"); 89     byte[] array = new byte[2]; 90     string pyString = ""; 91     int chrAsc = 0; 92     int i1 = 0; 93     int i2 = 0; 94     char[] noWChar = hzString.ToCharArray(); 95  96     for (int j = 0; j < noWChar.Length; j++) 97     { 98       // 中文字符 99       if (regex.IsMatch(noWChar[j].ToString()))100       {101         array = System.Text.Encoding.Default.GetBytes(noWChar[j].ToString());102         i1 = (short)(array[0]);103         i2 = (short)(array[1]);104         chrAsc = i1 * 256 + i2 - 65536;105         if (chrAsc > 0 && chrAsc < 160)106         {107           pyString += noWChar[j];108         }109         else110         {111           // 修正部分文字112           if (chrAsc == -9254) // 修正“圳”字113           {114             pyString += "Zhen";115           }116           else117           {118             for (int i = (pyValue.Length - 1); i >= 0; i--)119             {120               if (pyValue[i] <= chrAsc)121               {122                 pyString += pyName[i];123                 break;124               }125             }126           }127         }128       }129       // 非中文字符130 131       else132       {133         pyString += noWChar[j].ToString();134       }135     }136     return pyString;137   }138 139   /// <summary>140   /// 只转换每个汉字首字母(大写)141   /// </summary>142   /// <param name="strText"></param>143   /// <returns></returns>144   public static string GetChineseSpell(string strText)145   {146     int len = strText.Length;147     string myStr = "";148     for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)149     {150       myStr += getSpell(strText.Substring(i, 1));151     }152     return myStr;153   }154 155   /// <summary>156   /// 获得第一个汉字的首字母(大写);157   /// </summary>158   /// <param name="cnChar"></param>159   /// <returns></returns>160   public static string getSpell(string cnChar)161   {162     byte[] arrCN = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(cnChar);163     if (arrCN.Length > 1)164     {165       int area = (short)arrCN[0];166       int pos = (short)arrCN[1];167       int code = (area << 8) + pos;168       int[] areacode = { 45217, 45253, 45761, 46318, 46826, 47010, 47297, 47614, 48119, 48119, 49062, 49324, 49896, 50371, 50614, 50622, 50906, 51387, 51446, 52218, 52698, 52698, 52698, 52980, 53689, 54481 };169       for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)170       {171         int max = 55290;172         if (i != 25) max = areacode[i + 1];173         if (areacode[i] <= code && code < max)174         {175           return Encoding.Default.GetString(new byte[] { (byte)(65 + i) });176         }177       }178       return "*";179     }180     else return cnChar;181   }182 }183 //该代码片段来自于: http://www.sharejs.com/codes/csharp/1147