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[Java教程]日历插件FullCalendar应用:(一)数据展现


      在博客园逛了很长时间了,它帮助我获得了很多知识,很感谢大家的分享,而自己呢,由于各种纠结一直没提笔写博客,直到我看到了这篇文章http://www.cnblogs.com/zhaopei/p/why_write_blog.html,里面说出了我的心声,很有道理,所以我决定接下来会挤出时间来不定时的更新自己的博客,把自己工作中学习到的知识写出来。

由于项目需求,需要通过日历的方式展现某些数据,在网上搜索了很多日历的插件,觉得比较好用的还是fullCalendar,下面是我写的一个简单Demo,如有不足,请多多指正!!! 

一、引入必要的文件:

  <link href="Scripts/Plugins/fullcalendar.css" rel="stylesheet" />  <link href="Scripts/Plugins/jquery.ui.css" rel="stylesheet" />  <link href="Scripts/Plugins/style.default.css" rel="stylesheet" />  <script src="Scripts/Plugins/jquery-1.7.min.js"></script>  <script src="Scripts/Plugins/jquery-ui-1.8.16.custom.min.js"></script>  <script src="Scripts/Plugins/fullcalendar.min.js"></script>  <script src="Scripts/Plugins/fullcalendar.js"></script>

二、在界面中添加div块:

<body>  <div id='calendar' style="margin-top:10px;margin-left:5px"></div> </body>

初始化calendar的js代码我把它放到了fullcalendar.js文件中接下来就让我们看一下这个文件里的脚本信息。

三、初始化fullcalender:

  /* 初始化calendar */
通过ID来初始化放到哪个标签里 jQuery('#calendar').fullCalendar({ header: { left: 'month,agendaWeek,agendaDay', center: 'title', right: 'today, prev, next' },
monthNames: ["一月", "二月", "三月", "四月", "五月", "六月", "七月", "八月", "九月", "十月", "十一月", "十二月"], monthNamesShort: ["一月", "二月", "三月", "四月", "五月", "六月", "七月", "八月", "九月", "十月", "十一月", "十二月"], dayNames: ["周日", "周一", "周二", "周三", "周四", "周五", "周六"], dayNamesShort: ["周日", "周一", "周二", "周三", "周四", "周五", "周六"], today: ["今天"], firstDay: 1, buttonText: { prev: '&laquo;', next: '&raquo;', prevYear: '&nbsp;&lt;&lt;&nbsp;', nextYear: '&nbsp;&gt;&gt;&nbsp;', today: '今天', month: '月', week: '周', day: '日' }, viewDisplay: function (view) { //动态把数据查出,按照月份动态查询 var viewStart = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(view.start, "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"); var viewEnd = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(view.end, "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"); $("#calendar").fullCalendar('removeEvents');
通过post 请求一般处理程序来返回需要展现的信息(start与end为需要传递的参数,在本文中没有用到可以忽略) $.post("../DateHandle/ViewData.ashx", { start: viewStart, end: viewEnd }, function (data) { var resultCollection = jQuery.parseJSON(data); $.each(resultCollection, function (index, term) { $("#calendar").fullCalendar('renderEvent', term, true); }); }); //把从后台取出的数据进行封装以后在页面上以fullCalendar的方式进行显示 }, dayClick: function (date, allDay, jsEvent, view) { }, loading: function (bool) { if (bool) $('#loading').show(); else $('#loading').hide(); }, //#region 数据绑定上去后添加相应信息在页面上(一开始加载数据时运行) eventAfterRender: function (event, element, view) { var fstart = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(event.start, "HH:mm"); var fend = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(event.end, "HH:mm"); var confbg = '<span ></span>'; if (view.name == "month") {//按月份 var evtcontent = '<div ><a>'; evtcontent = evtcontent + confbg; //evtcontent = evtcontent + '<span >' + fstart + " - " + fend + event.fullname + '</span>'; evtcontent = evtcontent + '<span >' + event.fullname + '</span>'; element.html(evtcontent); } else if (view.name == "agendaWeek") {//按周 var evtcontent = '<a>'; evtcontent = evtcontent + confbg; evtcontent = evtcontent + '<span >' + fstart + "-" + fend + '</span>'; evtcontent = evtcontent + '<span>' + event.fullname + '</span>'; element.html(evtcontent); } else if (view.name == "agendaDay") {//按日 var evtcontent = '<a>'; evtcontent = evtcontent + confbg; evtcontent = evtcontent + '<span >' + fstart + " - " + fend + '</span>'; element.html(evtcontent); } }, //#endregion //#region 鼠标放上去显示信息 eventMouseover: function (calEvent, jsEvent, view) { //var fstart = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(calEvent.start, "yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm"); //var fend = $.fullCalendar.formatDate(calEvent.end, "yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm"); //$(this).attr('title', fstart + " - " + fend + " " + calEvent.fullname);
鼠标悬浮到title的时候可以设置展现哪些信息 $(this).attr('title', calEvent.fullname); $(this).css('font-weight', 'normal'); // $(this).tooltip({ // effect: 'toggle', // cancelDefault: true // }); }, eventClick: function (event) { }, events: [], //#endregion editable: true, droppable: true, // this allows things to be dropped onto the calendar !!! drop: function (date, allDay) { // this function is called when something is dropped // retrieve the dropped element's stored Event Object var originalEventObject = jQuery(this).data('eventObject'); // we need to copy it, so that multiple events don't have a reference to the same object var copiedEventObject = jQuery.extend({}, originalEventObject); // assign it the date that was reported copiedEventObject.start = date; copiedEventObject.allDay = allDay; // render the event on the calendar // the last `true` argument determines if the event "sticks" (http://arshaw.com/fullcalendar/docs/event_rendering/renderEvent/) jQuery('#calendar').fullCalendar('renderEvent', copiedEventObject, true); // is the "remove after drop" checkbox checked? jQuery(this).remove(); } });

 四:通过一般处理程序返回需要的json数据

首先新增任务类 Task:

/// <summary>  /// 任务类  /// </summary>  public class Task  {    public int ID { get; set; }    /// <summary>    /// 任务名称    /// </summary>    public string Name { get; set; }    /// <summary>    /// 内容    /// </summary>    public string Content { get; set; }    /// <summary>    /// 开始时间    /// </summary>    public DateTime StartDate { get; set; }    /// <summary>    /// 结束时间    /// </summary>    public DateTime EndDate { get; set; }  }

一般处理程序ViewData中返回Json数据:

  public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)    {      //测试数据

List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>() {
new Task(){ ID=1,Name="任务1",Content="修改某处Bug",StartDate=new DateTime(2015,12,16,08,32,33),EndDate=new DateTime(2015,12,16,11,27,33)},
new Task(){ ID=2,Name="任务2",Content="与刘总开会讨论需求分析",StartDate=new DateTime(2015,12,09,18,32,33),EndDate=new DateTime(2015,12,09,19,27,33)},
new Task(){ ID=3,Name="任务3",Content="代码上传与整理",StartDate=new DateTime(2015,12,17,13,32,33),EndDate=new DateTime(2015,12,17,17,27,33)},
new Task(){ ID=4,Name="任务4",Content="上线测试",StartDate=new DateTime(2015,12,30,15,32,33),EndDate=new DateTime(2015,12,15,17,27,33)},
new Task(){ ID=5,Name="任务5",Content="代码上传与整理",StartDate=new DateTime(2015,12,07,13,32,33),EndDate=new DateTime(2015,12,07,17,27,33)}
};

      JavaScriptSerializer jss = new JavaScriptSerializer();      List<Dictionary<string, object>> gas = new List<Dictionary<string, object>>();      foreach (var entity in tasks)      {        Dictionary<string, object> drow = new Dictionary<string, object>();        drow.Add("id", entity.ID);        drow.Add("title", string.Format("任务名称:{0}", entity.Name));        drow.Add("start", ReturnDate(entity.StartDate));        drow.Add("end", ReturnDate(entity.EndDate));
//鼠标悬浮上展现的是这个属性信息,可以自己设置 drow.Add("fullname", string.Format("任务名称:{0}", entity.Name)); drow.Add("allDay", false); gas.Add(drow); } context.Response.Write(jss.Serialize(gas)); } #region 时间输出格式 /// <summary> /// 时间按照此格式传输 /// </summary> /// <param name="date"></param> /// <returns></returns> private string ReturnDate(DateTime? date) { string str = string.Empty; string time = Convert.ToString(date); string[] split = time.Split(' '); string viewDate = split[0].Split('/')[0] + "-" + AddZero(split[0].Split('/')[1]) + "-" + AddZero(split[0].Split('/')[2]); string viewTime = AddZero(split[1].Split(':')[0]) + ":" + AddZero(split[1].Split(':')[1]) + ":" + AddZero(split[1].Split(':')[2]); str = viewDate + "T" + viewTime; return str; } /// <summary> /// 判断数字前面是否加0 /// </summary> /// <param name="str"></param> /// <returns></returns> private string AddZero(string str) { if (str.Length == 1) return "0" + str; else return str; } #endregion

 下面是效果图:

鼠标放到title的效果:

分享可以运行的代码http://yunpan.cn/cusDqN4w6MtYJ  访问密码 d819

接下来的文章会介绍如何对任务进行添加,编辑,删除操作。