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[ASP.net教程]UWP开发砸手机系列(二)—— “讲述人”识别自定义控件Command


  上一篇我们提到如何让“讲述人”读出自定义的CanReadGrid,但“讲述人”仍然无法识别CanReadGrid上绑定的Command。XAML代码如下:

  <StackPanel>    <TextBlock Text="{x:Bind Title,Mode=OneWay}" Foreground="White"></TextBlock>    <local:CanReadGrid Background="Red" AutomationProperties.Name="Can read gird" Height="100">      <Interactivity:Interaction.Behaviors>        <Core:EventTriggerBehavior EventName="Tapped">          <Core:InvokeCommandAction Command="{x:Bind ChangeTitleCommand}"/>        </Core:EventTriggerBehavior>      </Interactivity:Interaction.Behaviors>    </local:CanReadGrid>  </StackPanel>

  我们可以看到通过Behaviors绑定了Command,在Tapped事件发生时触发ChangeTitleCommand。

  我们再来对比一下系统控件Button的写法:

    <Button Command="{x:Bind ChangeTitleCommand}">I am Button</Button>

  在“讲述人”模式下,点击上面这个Button按钮,“讲述人”除了会念出“I am Button Button.”这句话以外,还会补充一句“Double tap to activate.”这时双击Button将会触发ChangeTitleCommand。

  其中不一样的地方无非就是Button自带有名为“Command”的,类型为ICommand的依赖属性(Dependency Property):

public System.Windows.Input.ICommand Command { get; set; }  Member of Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives.ButtonBase

  而我们自定义的CanReadGrid,则是通过附加属性(Attached Property)来获得绑定Command的能力。

  附件属性也是一种特殊的依赖属性,二者殊归同路。既然Button通过依赖属性可以做到的事情,附加属性一样可以完成。

  想要弄明白Button的Command是如何被调用的,最简单的办法就是去查看源码呗:

    public class ButtonAutomationPeer : ButtonBaseAutomationPeer, IInvokeProvider    {        /// <summary>Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="T:System.Windows.Automation.Peers.ButtonAutomationPeer" /> class.</summary>        /// <param name="owner">The element associated with this automation peer.</param>        public ButtonAutomationPeer(Button owner) : base(owner)        {        }        /// <summary>Gets the name of the control that is associated with this UI Automation peer.</summary>        /// <returns>A string that contains "Button".</returns>        protected override string GetClassNameCore()        {            return "Button";        }        /// <summary>Gets the control type of the element that is associated with the UI Automation peer.</summary>        /// <returns>        ///   <see cref="F:System.Windows.Automation.Peers.AutomationControlType.Button" />.</returns>        protected override AutomationControlType GetAutomationControlTypeCore()        {            return AutomationControlType.Button;        }        /// <summary>Gets the object that supports the specified control pattern of the element that is associated with this automation peer.</summary>        /// <returns>If <paramref name="patternInterface" /> is <see cref="F:System.Windows.Automation.Peers.PatternInterface.Invoke" />, this method returns a this pointer, otherwise this method returns null.</returns>        /// <param name="patternInterface">A value in the enumeration.</param>        public override object GetPattern(PatternInterface patternInterface)        {            if (patternInterface == PatternInterface.Invoke)            {                return this;            }            return base.GetPattern(patternInterface);        }        /// <summary>This type or member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.</summary>        void IInvokeProvider.Invoke()        {            if (!base.IsEnabled())            {                throw new ElementNotEnabledException();            }            base.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(DispatcherPriority.Input, new DispatcherOperationCallback(delegate(object param)            {                ((Button)base.Owner).AutomationButtonBaseClick();                return null;            }), null);        }    }

  果不其然发现了上一篇我们提到的GetClassNameCore,GetAutomationControlTypeCore,GetPattern三个方法。另外还有一个奇怪的void IInvokeProvider.Invoke()。这货看名字也能猜出来是干啥的啦,这货竟然去调了Button类里的Click方法……

  知道真相的我眼泪流出来……搞啥呢,那我在这里调一下Command.Execute不就成了!

  首先我们给CanReadGrid添加ExecuteCommand方法,该方法通过DependencyObject的GetValue方法一层层拿到Command,然后执行Execute。

  public class CanReadGrid : Grid  {    protected override AutomationPeer OnCreateAutomationPeer()    {      return new GridAutomationPeer((this));    }    public void ExecuteCommand()    {      var behaviors = Interaction.GetBehaviors(this);      var actions = behaviors[0].GetValue(EventTriggerBehavior.ActionsProperty) as ActionCollection;      var command = actions[0].GetValue(InvokeCommandAction.CommandProperty) as ICommand;      command.Execute(null);    }  }

  第二步就是完善GridAutomatioPeer,这里需要注意的是IInvokeProvider这个接口,通过Button的源码推测具有Action的控件需要实现这个接口的Invoke方法来执行操作。我们也是在Invoke方法里来调用CanReadGrid类里的ExecuteCommand方法。

  public class GridAutomationPeer : FrameworkElementAutomationPeer, IInvokeProvider  {    public GridAutomationPeer(Grid owner)        : base(owner)    {          }    public async void Invoke()    {      await CoreApplication.MainView.CoreWindow.Dispatcher.RunAsync(CoreDispatcherPriority.Normal,        () =>        {          ((CanReadGrid)base.Owner).ExecuteCommand();        });    }    protected override object GetPatternCore(PatternInterface patternInterface)    {      if (patternInterface == PatternInterface.Invoke)      {        return this;      }      return null;    }  }

  大功告成!开启“讲述人”模式来验证成果吧!

  结尾插播个广告,本篇内容100%原创,当时俺翻烂了Google的搜索页面、中英文各种blog也木有讲如何让“讲述人”调用Command,逼的俺自由发挥啊。特地写了这篇造福全人类,各位不要吝啬点个推荐哦,虽然“讲述人”并没有什么卵用……