你的位置:首页 > 数据库

[数据库]启动mysql时显示:/tmp/mysql.sock 不存在的解决方法


启动mysql时显示:/tmp/mysql.sock 不存在的解决方法




启动mysql时报错的解决(mysql 5.0.45 redhat as43) 
=========================================================== 
启动mysql时报错的解决(mysql 5.0.45 redhat as 43)
作者: lawzjf(http://lawzjf.itpub.net)
发表于: 2008.01.13 01:29
分类: 小企鹅 
出处: http://lawzjf.itpub.net/post/417/451262
--------------------------------------------------------------- 
启动mysql时报错:


Starting mysqld daemon with databases from/var/lib/mysql
STOPPING server from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
071112 00:22:06 mysqld ended
查看日志:
#less /var/log/mysqld.log
其中有一段如下:




071112 0:22:06 [ERROR] /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: Can'tcreate/write to file '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid' (Errcode:2)
071112 0:22:06 [ERROR] Can't start server: can't create PIDfile: No such file or directory
071112 00:22:06 mysqld ended
#cd /var/run/
#ls




mysqld目录不存在,创建它:




#mkdir /var/run/mysqld
#cd /var/run/mysqld




创建文件mysqld.pid:




#touch mysqld.pid
#cd..
#chown -R mysql mysqld .
#cd /usr/local/mysql/
#bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
nohup: ignoring input and redirecting stderr to stdout
Starting mysqld daemon with databases from/var/lib/mysql
能正常启动
#bin/mysqladmin -u root password root
又出错
[root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysqladmin -u root passwordroot
bin/mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed
error: 'Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket'/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)'
Check that mysqld is running and that the socket:'/tmp/mysql.sock' exists!
[root@localhost mysql]# bin/mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL serverthrough socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)
分析:是/tmp/mysql.sock 不存在




# cd /var/lib/mysql/
由于mysql 默认的mysql.sock是在/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock,创建符号连接:




# ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock
# bin/mysql -u root
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.0.45 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear thebuffer.
mysql>
修改root 密码




#cd /usr/local/mysql/
#bin/mysqladmin -u root -p password yourpassword
一切ok。