你的位置:首页 > 操作系统

[操作系统]lamp+nginx代理+discuz+wordpress+phpmyadmin


实验课题:搭建LAMP,安装Nginx,作为代理,将MySQL安装在单独的机器,apache负责动态,nginx负责静态


实验环境:

1、VMware Workstation 11

2、设备A:MySQL,IP地址:192.168.0.102,Host:mysql

3、设备B:Nginx+Apache+PHP,IP地址:192.168.0.107,Host:lanp 真机:192.168.0.104

4、Linux发行版:Centos 6.6 x86;

5、Nginx:http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.6.2.tar.gz

6、Apache:get http://mirrors.sohu.com/apache/httpd-2.4.16.tar.gz

7、PHP:http://cn2.php.net/get/php-5.6.12.tar.gz

8、MySQL:http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.42-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz

9、discuz:http://download.comsenz.com/DiscuzX/3.2/Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

10、wordpress:https://cn.wordpress.org/wordpress-4.2.2-zh_CN.tar.gz

11、phpmyadmin:https://files.phpmyadmin.net/phpMyAdmin/4.4.13.1/phpMyAdmin-4.4.13.1-all-languages.zip

12、pcre http://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre2/10.20/pcre2-10.20.tar.gz

13、apr http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache//apr/apr-1.5.2.tar.gz

14、apr-util http://mirror.bit.edu.cn/apache//apr/apr-util-1.5.4.tar.gz

15、epel-release http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/epel/6Server/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

16、libmcrypt

实验准备:

1、更换163下载源

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.old

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo

mv CentOS6-Base-163.repo CentOS-Base.repo

yum clean  all

yum makecache (注意替换CentOS-Base.repo $Realease :1,$s/$Realease/6.6/g)

yum -y update

2、分别在设备A和B中下载各个软件;

3、更新系统时间;

crontab -e */30 * * * * ntpdate 210.72.145.44 > /dev/null 2>&1

4、清空Iptables,关闭Selinux,或者添加数据库和网站的访问权限。

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 88 -j ACCEPT ##

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT

5.安装依赖包

yum -y install ntp make openssl openssl-devel pcre pcre-devel libpng libpng-devel libtiff-devel libjpeg-6b libjpeg-devel-6b freetype freetype-devel gd gd-devel fontconfig-devel zlib zlib-devel libevent-devel gcc gcc-c++ flex bison bzip2 bzip2-devel libXpm libXpm-devel ncurses ncurses-devel libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel lib


实验步骤:

设备A:mysql

tar zxvf /usr/local/src/mysql-5.5.42-linux2.6-i686.tar.gz
   mv mysql-5.5.42-linux2.6-i686 /usr/local/mysql 
   useradd -s /sbin/nologin mysql 
   cd /usr/local/mysql 
   mkdir -p /data/mysql 
   chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql 
   ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql 
   cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnf 
   cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
   chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld 
   vim /etc/init.d/mysqld   #修改datadir=/usr/local/mysql 
   chkconfig --add mysqld 
   chkconfig mysqld on 
   service mysqld start

   mysql -uroot -p <输入你的mysql登录密码>

   create database discuz;

   create database wordpress;

         grant all on discuz.* to 'youruser'@'lyourhostip' identified by 'yourpassword';
grant all on wordpress .* to 'youruser'@'lyourhostip' identified by 'yourpassword';

   quit

设备B:lanp

一、安装Apache

tar zxvf /usr/local/src/httpd-2.4.16.tar.gz

tar zxvf /usr/local/src/apr-1.5.2.tar.gz

tar zxvf /usr/local/src/apr-util-1.5.4.tar.gz

mv /usr/loca/src/apr-1.5.2 /usr/loca/src/httpd-2.4.16/srclib/apr

mv /usr/local/src/apr-util-1.5.4 /usr/loca/src/httpd-2.4.16/srclib/apr-util

cd /usr/loca/src/httpd-2.4.16

./configure \--prefix=/usr/local/apache2 \--with-included-apr \--enable-so \--enable-deflate=shared \--enable-expires=shared \--enable-rewrite=shared

make && make install

cp /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd

vim /etc/init.d/httpd   
在第一行#!/bin/sh下增加两行文字
# chkconfig: 35 70 30
# description: Apache
保存退出
chkconfig --level 35 httpd on

二、安装PHP

tar zxf /usr/local/src/php-5.6.12.tar.gz
cd php-5.6.12 
./configure \--prefix=/usr/local/php \--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \ --with-mysql=mysqlnd \ --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \ --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \--with-lib

##使用了php自带的对mysql的驱动程序mysqlnd

make && make install

cp /usr/local/src/php-5.6.12/php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

三、配置PHP和Apache结合

vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf 找到: AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
在该行下面添加: AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
找到:
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>
将该行改为:
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>
找到:#ServerName www.example.com:80 修改为:ServerName localhost:88

找到:listen:80 修改为:listen:88

添加granted  allow from all

<Directory />

    AllowOverride none

    Require all granted

    Allow from all

</Directory>

查看是否存在modules/libphp5.so

修改 vim /usr/local/apache2/conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

<VirtualHost *:88>

    DocumentRoot "/date/discuz/"

    ServerName bbs.chinaops.com

    ErrorLog "logs/bbs.chinaops.com-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/bbs.chinaops.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:88>

    DocumentRoot "/date/blog/"

    ServerName blog.chinaops.com

    ErrorLog "logs/blog.chinaops.com-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/blog.chinaops.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:88>

    DocumentRoot "/date/pma/"

    ServerName pma.chinaops.com

    ErrorLog "logs/pma.chinaops.com-error_log"

    CustomLog "logs/pma.chinaops.com-access_log" common

</VirtualHost>

service httpd -t (检查错误)

service httpd graceful(加载配置)

查看httpd的运行情况

netstat -lnp | grep httpd

四、安装nginx

tar zxvf /usr/local/src/nginx-1.6.2.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.6.2

yum install -y pcre-devel
./configure   --prefix=/usr/local/nginx   --with-pcre 
make 
make instal

编写nginx启动脚本
vim /etc/init.d/nginx  //加入如下内容
#!/bin/bash
# chkconfig: - 30 21
# description: http service.
# Source Function Library
. /etc/init.d/functions
# Nginx Settings
NGINX_SBIN="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
NGINX_CONF="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
NGINX_PID="/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid"
RETVAL=0
prog="Nginx"
start() {
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        mkdir -p /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        daemon $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}
stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -TERM
        rm -rf /dev/shm/nginx_temp
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}
reload(){
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc -p $NGINX_PID $NGINX_SBIN -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        return $RETVAL
}
restart(){
        stop
        start
}
configtest(){
    $NGINX_SBIN -c $NGINX_CONF -t
    return 0
}
case "$1" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  reload)
        reload
        ;;
  restart)
        restart
        ;;
  configtest)
        configtest
        ;;
  *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|restart|configtest}"
        RETVAL=1
esac
exit $RETVAL

将nginx服务启动

chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx
chkconfig --add nginx
chkconfig nginx on

配置nginx

> /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
user nobody nobody;worker_processes 2;error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit;pid /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;events{     use epoll;     worker_connections 6000;}http{     include mime.types;     default_type application/octet-stream;     server_names_hash_bucket_size 3526;     server_names_hash_max_size 4096;     log_format combined_realip '$remote_addr $http_x_forwarded_for [$time_local]'     '$host "$request_uri" $status'     '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent"';     sendfile on;     tcp_nopush on;     keepalive_timeout 30;     client_header_timeout 3m;     client_body_timeout 3m;     send_timeout 3m;     connection_pool_size 256;     client_header_buffer_size 1k;     large_client_header_buffers 8 4k;     request_pool_size 4k;     output_buffers 4 32k;     postpone_output 1460;     client_max_body_size 10m;     client_body_buffer_size 256k;     client_body_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/client_body_temp;     proxy_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/proxy_temp;     fastcgi_temp_path /usr/local/nginx/fastcgi_temp;     fastcgi_intercept_errors on;     tcp_nodelay on;     gzip on;     gzip_min_length 1k;     gzip_buffers 4 8k;     gzip_comp_level 5;     gzip_http_version 1.1;     gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css text/htm application/

配置nginx 虚拟主机

mkdir -p /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts

在vhosts下面创建三个文件bbs.conf blog.conf pma.conf

配置bbs.conf

server

{

    listen 80;

    server_name bbs.chinaops.com;

    index index.html index.htm index.php;

    root /date/bbs;

#根据user_agent控制

    if ($http_user_agent ~            'bingbot/2.0|MJ12bot/v1.4.2|Spider/3.0|YoudaoBot|Tomato|Gecko/20100315'){

            return 403;

    }

    location ~ admin.php {

        allow 192.168.0.104; ##真机

        deny all;

        proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:88;

        proxy_set_header Host   $host;

    }

    location ~ \.php$ {

         proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:88;

         proxy_set_header Host   $host;

         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP      $remote_addr;

         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    }

    location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$

    {

          expires      24h;

          access_log off;

    }

    location ~* ^.+\.(gif|jpg|png|swf|flv|rar|zip|doc|pdf|gz|bz2|jpeg|bmp|xls)$ {

         expires 7d;

         valid_referers none blocked server_names  *.baidu.com\

         *.google.com *.google.cn *.soso.com ;

         if ($invalid_referer) {

              return 403;

              #rewrite ^/ http://www.example.com/nophoto.gif;

         }

         access_log off;

    }

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/topic-(.+)\.html$ $1/portal.php?mod=topic&topic=$2 last;

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/forum-(\w+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=forumdisplay&fid=$2&page=$3 last;

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=$2&extra=page%3D$4&page=$3 last;

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/group-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=group&fid=$2&page=$3 last;

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ $1/home.php?mod=space&$2=$3 last;

    rewrite ^([^\.]*)/(fid|tid)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/index.php?action=$2&value=$3 last;

    access_log /home/logs/discuz.log combined_realip;

}

配置blog.conf  (参考  http://www.upupw.net/nginxhelp/n33.html)

server

{

    listen 80;

    server_name blog.chinaops.com;

    index index.html index.htm index.php;

    root /date/blog;

    location /wp-admin/ {

        allow 192.168.0.104;

        deny all;

        location ~ \.php$ {

        proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:88;

        proxy_set_header Host   $host;

        }

    }

    location  / {

         proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:88/;

         proxy_set_header Host   $host;

         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP      $remote_addr;

         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    }

}

配置pma.conf

server

{

    listen 80;

    server_name pma.chinaops.com;

    index index.html index.htm index.php;

    root /date/pma;

    location / {

         auth_basic              "Auth";

         auth_basic_user_file   /usr/local/nginx/conf/htpasswd;

    location ~ \.php$ {

         proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:88;

         proxy_set_header Host   $host;

         proxy_set_header X-Real-IP      $remote_addr;

         proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    }

    }

}

service nginx configtest

service nginx rsstart

五、discuz、wordpress、phpmyadmin配置

mkdir -p /date/{dixcuz,blog,pma}

配置discuz

useradd -s /sbin/nologin daemon

unzip Discuz_X3.2_SC_UTF8.zip

将upload里面的文件移到 网站监控目录下/date/discuz/

cd /data/discuz/

chown -R daemon.daemon config/ data/ uc_client/data/ uc_server/data/

在真机192.168.0.104修改vhost

192.168.0.104 bbs.chinaops.com blog.chinaops.com pma.chinaops.com

访问bbs.chinaops.com 填写数据库的IP地址,数据库的用户名密码及创建admin的密码

wKiom1XNsBqA-ogbAAVjMp8_y6I293.jpg

配置wordpress

cd /date

tar zxvf wordpress-4.2.2-zh_CN.tar.gz

mv wordpress-4.2.2-zh_CN blog

访问blog.chinaops.com/wp-admin/ 填写数据库的IP,数据库的用户名密码

wKioL1XNsj7AXUWuAAM1bCjNNiM642.jpg

配置phpmyadmin

cd /date

unzip phpMyAdmin-4.4.13.1-all-languages.zip

mv phpMyAdmin-4.4.13.1-all-languages pma

cd pma

cp libraries/config.default.php config.inc.php

更改

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root';

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = 'yourrootpassword';

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'yourdbip';

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';##认证模式

访问pma.chinaops.com 即可

wKioL1XNslaCgeR4AAVvI9zeIyc594.jpg

博客转载于:http://linuxlearn.blog.51cto.com/1437234/1684733