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[数据库][AlwaysOn Availability Groups]AlwaysOn Ring Buffers


AlwaysOn Ring Buffers

一些AlwaysOn的诊断信息可以从SQL Server ring buffers。或者从sys.dm_os_ring_buffers。ring buffer在SQL Server启动的时候被创建,SQL Server系统为内部诊断记录警告。

通过以下查询获取所有事件记录

SELECT * FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers WHERE ring_buffer_type LIKE '%HADR%'

为了让数据更加可控,可以通过日期,ring buffer类型来过滤数据。以下是获取指定ring buffer的查询

DECLARE @runtime datetime

SET @runtime = GETDATE()

SELECT CONVERT (varchar(30), @runtime, 121) as data_collection_runtime,

DATEADD (ms, -1 * (inf.ms_ticks - ring.[timestamp]), GETDATE()) AS ring_buffer_record_time,

ring.[timestamp] AS record_timestamp, inf.ms_ticks AS cur_timestamp, ring.*

FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers ring

CROSS JOIN sys.dm_os_sys_info inf where ring_buffer_type='<RING_BUFFER_TYPE>'

Record列包含了格式的诊断信息。数据和ring buffer类型不同。 为了让更加可读,你需要客户化TSQL提取想要的元素。比如如下语句,获取所有RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_API ring buffer,并且数据放入独立的表的列。

WITH hadr(ts, type, record) AS

(

  SELECT timestamp AS ts, ring_buffer_type AS type, CAST(record AS

  FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers WHERE ring_buffer_type = 'RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_API'

)

SELECT

  ts,

  type,

  record.value('(./Record/@id)[1]','bigint') AS [Record ID],

  record.value('(./Record/@time)[1]','bigint') AS [Time],

  record.value('(./Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/dbId)[1]', 'bigint') AS [DBID],

  record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/API)[1]', 'varchar(50)') AS [API],

  record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/Action)[1]', 'varchar(50)') AS [Action],

  record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/role)[1]', 'int') AS [Role],

  record.value('(/Record/Stack)[1]', 'varchar(100)') AS [Call Stack]

FROM hadr

ORDER BY record.value('(./Record/@time)[1]','bigint') DESC

GO

1. AlwaysOn Ring Buffer类型

sys.dm_os_ring_buffers有4种类的ring buffer。

 

AlwaysOn Ring Buffer Type

Description

RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_API

Records state transitions that have taken place or are taking place. When looking at the state transitions pay close attention to the objectType values.

<Recordid="11" type="RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_STATE" time="860243">

  <HadrDbMgrState>

    <objectType>HadrUsers</objectType>

    <currentState>HDbMState_Starting</currentState>

    <proposedState>HDbMState_Started</proposedState>

    <targetState>HDbMState_Started</targetState>

    <legalTransition>Y</legalTransition>

    <role>1</role>

  </HadrDbMgrState>

</Record>

RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_STATE

Records internal method or function calls made by AlwaysOn activity. It can show information such as suspend, resume, or role changes, including both the entry and exit points.

<Recordid="45" type="RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_STATE" time="1723487912">

  <HadrDbMgrState>

    <dbId>5</dbId>

    <objectType>HadrDbMgr</objectType>

    <currentState>HDbMState_Starting</currentState>

    <proposedState>HDbMState_Started</proposedState>

    <targetState>HDbMState_Started</targetState>

    <legalTransition>Y</legalTransition>

    <role>2</role>

  </HadrDbMgrState>

</Record>

RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_COMMIT

<Recordid="0" type="RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_COMMIT" time="1723475368">

  <HadrDbMgrCommitPolicy>

    <dbId>5</dbId>

    <replicaId>883a18f5-97d5-450f-8f8f-9983a4fa5299</replicaId>

    <dbHardenPolicy>KillAll</dbHardenPolicy>

    <dbSyncConfig>0x0</dbSyncConfig>

    <syncPartnerCount>0</syncPartnerCount>

    <minSyncPartnerConfig>0</minSyncPartnerConfig>

    <partnerHardenPolicy>KillAll</partnerHardenPolicy>

    <partnerSyncConfig>0x0</partnerSyncConfig>

    <logBlock>0x0000000000000000</logBlock>

    <leaseExpired>Y</leaseExpired>

    <partnerChange>N</partnerChange>

    <role>2</role>

  </HadrDbMgrCommitPolicy>

</Record>

RING_BUFFER_HADR_TRANSPORT_STATE

<Recordid="3" type="RING_BUFFER_HADR_TRANSPORT_STATE" time="1723485399">

  <HadrTransportState>

    <agId>08264B79-D10B-412F-B38D-CA07B08E9BD8</agId>

    <localArId>883A18F5-97D5-450F-8F8F-9983A4FA5299</localArId>

    <targetArId>628D6349-72DD-4D18-A6E1-1272645660BA</targetArId>

    <currentState>HadrSession_Configuring</currentState>

    <targetState>HadrSession_Connected</targetState>

    <legalTransition>Y</legalTransition>

  </HadrTransportState>

</Record>

2. 从Ring Buffer 解析数据

你可以从ring buffer解析数据。你先要使用cast转化到。

WITH hadr(ts, type, record) AS

   (SELECT timestamp AS ts, ring_buffer_type AS type, CAST(record AS

FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers

WHERE ring_buffer_type = 'RING_BUFFER_HADRDBMGR_API')

SELECT ts,

type,

record.value('(./Record/@id)[1]','bigint') AS [Record id],

record.value('(./Record/@time)[1]','bigint') AS [Time],

record.value('(./Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/dbId)[1]', 'bigint') AS [dbid],

record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/API)[1]', 'varchar(50)') AS [API],

record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/Action)[1]', 'varchar(50)') AS [Action],

record.value('(/Record/HadrDbMgrAPI/role)[1]', 'int') AS [Role],

record.value('(/Record/Stack)[1]', 'varchar(100)') AS [Call Stack]

FROM hadr

ORDER BY record.value('(./Record/@time)[1]','bigint') DESC

GO