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[数据库]Oracle递归查询


一、创建数据

1.1、建立表与插入数据

CREATE TABLE DISTRICT( ID     NUMBER(10)         NOT NULL, PARENT_ID NUMBER(10), NAME    VARCHAR2(255 BYTE)     NOT NULL);ALTER TABLE DISTRICT ADD ( CONSTRAINT DISTRICT_PK PRIMARY KEY (ID));ALTER TABLE DISTRICT ADD ( CONSTRAINT DISTRICT_R01 FOREIGN KEY (PARENT_ID) REFERENCES DISTRICT (ID));  insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (1, null, '四川省');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (2, 1, '巴中市');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (3, 1, '达州市');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (4, 2, '巴州区');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (5, 2, '通江县');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (6, 2, '平昌县');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (7, 3, '通川区');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (8, 3, '宣汉县');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (9, 8, '塔河乡');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (10, 8, '三河乡');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (11, 8, '胡家镇');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (12, 8, '南坝镇');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (13, 6, '大寨乡');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (14, 6, '响滩镇');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (15, 6, '龙岗镇');insert into DISTRICT (id, parent_id, name)values (16, 6, '白衣镇');commit;

二、start with connect by prior递归

2.1、查询所有子节点

 

SELECT *FROM districtSTART WITH NAME ='巴中市'CONNECT BY PRIOR ID=parent_id

 

 

 

2.2、查询所有父节点

 

SELECT *FROM districtSTART WITH NAME ='平昌县'CONNECT BY PRIOR parent_id=ID

 

只需要交换 id 与parent_id的位置即可

2.3、查询指定节点的,根节点

SELECT d.*,connect_by_root(d.id),connect_by_root(NAME)FROM district dWHERE NAME='平昌县'START WITH d.parent_id=1  --d.parent_id is null 结果为四川省CONNECT BY PRIOR d.ID=d.parent_id

2.4、查询巴中市下行政组织递归路径

 

SELECT ID,parent_id,NAME,sys_connect_by_path(NAME,'->') namepath,LEVELFROM district START WITH NAME='巴中市'CONNECT BY PRIOR ID=parent_id

三、with递归

3.1、with递归子类

 

WITH t (ID ,parent_id,NAME) --要有列名AS(SELECT ID ,parent_id,NAME FROM district WHERE NAME='巴中市'UNION ALLSELECT d.ID ,d.parent_id,d.NAME FROM t,district d --要指定表和列表,WHERE t.id=d.parent_id)SELECT * FROM t;

 

3.2、递归父类

WITH t (ID ,parent_id,NAME) --要有表AS(SELECT ID ,parent_id,NAME FROM district WHERE NAME='通江县'UNION ALLSELECT d.ID ,d.parent_id,d.NAME FROM t,district d --要指定表和列表,WHERE t.parent_id=d.id)SELECT * FROM t;