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[操作系统]Linux 配置YUM


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概述  

文章主要介绍配置yum源,虽然网上有很多方法,但是每个多多少少都有点问题,所以就把自己的配置过程写出来。

目录

  •  概述
  •  步骤
    •  下载安装包
    •  卸载自带的yum
    •  安装yum包
    •  添加yum
  •  总结

步骤

下载安装包

我当前的服务器版本的redhat6,所以下载的安装包也应该是对应linux6的安装包,这里配置的是163的yum源。

 

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/yum-3.2.29-69.el6.centos.noarch.rpmwget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-30.el6.noarch.rpmwget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpmwget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

卸载自带的yum

rpm -aq|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps

安装yum包

注意顺序

rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.i686.rpm --注意后面两个是一起安装rpm -ivh yum-3.2.29-69.el6.centos.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-30.el6.noarch.rpm 

 

添加yum

 切换路径

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

下载文件

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo

编辑文件

vim CentOS6-Base-163.repo

内容如下

# CentOS-Base.repo## The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and# geographically close to the client. You should use this for CentOS updates# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.## If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the # remarked out baseurl= line instead.##[base]name=CentOS-6 - Base - 163.combaseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=osgpgcheck=1gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6#released updates [updates]name=CentOS-6 - Updates - 163.combaseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/i386/#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updatesgpgcheck=1gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6#additional packages that may be useful[extras]name=CentOS-6 - Extras - 163.combaseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/i386/#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extrasgpgcheck=1gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages[centosplus]name=CentOS-6 - Plus - 163.combaseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/i386/#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplusgpgcheck=1enabled=0gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6#contrib - packages by Centos Users[contrib]name=CentOS-6 - Contrib - 163.combaseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/i386/#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contribgpgcheck=1enabled=0gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 测试是否安装成功

yum install perl-DBI

 

总结

 安装方法不难,要注意的地方就是下载rpm包的时候要选对版本,还有后面配置repo的时候可能会遇到点麻烦,但都容易解决。

 

 文章如果对大家有帮助,请帮忙推荐,谢谢!!!

 


备注:

    作者:pursuer.chen

    博客:http://www.cnblogs.com/chenmh

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