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[ASP.net教程]UWP开发细节记录:加载图像文件到D2D位图和D3D纹理


在UWP中加载文件一般先创建 StorageFile 对象,然后调用StorageFile.OpenReadAsync 方法得到一个IRandomAccessStream 接口用来读取数据:

1 StorageFile image_file = await StorageFile.GetFileFromApplicationUriAsync(new Uri("ms-appx:///Assets/sample.jpg", UriKind.Absolute));2 IRandomAccessStream stream = await image_file.OpenReadAsync();

从一个 IRandomAccessStream 流开始,加载图像的步骤(C++ /CX实现):

1. 转换 IRandomAccessStream^ 到 ISream 接口:

1 ComPtr<IStream> source_stream;2 DX::ThrowIfFailed(::CreateStreamOverRandomAccessStream(stream, IID_PPV_ARGS(&source_stream)));

2. 调用 IWICImagingFactory::CreateDecoderFromStream 方法(假设IWICImagingFactory对象以创建)创建 IWICBitmapDecoder 对象用于图像解码,并最终得到 IWICFormatConverter 对象转换为适合D2D/D3D的位图格式:

ComPtr<IWICBitmapDecoder> decoder;DX::ThrowIfFailed(_device_resources->GetWicImagingFactory()->CreateDecoderFromStream(source_stream.Get(), nullptr, WICDecodeMetadataCacheOnDemand, &decoder));ComPtr<IWICBitmapFrameDecode> frame;DX::ThrowIfFailed(decoder->GetFrame(0, &frame));// Convert the image to a pixel format supported by Direct2D. 32bppPBGRA is guaranteed to be supported on all hardware.ComPtr<IWICFormatConverter> covert;DX::ThrowIfFailed(_device_resources->GetWicImagingFactory()->CreateFormatConverter(&covert));DX::ThrowIfFailed(covert->Initialize(frame.Get(), GUID_WICPixelFormat32bppPBGRA, WICBitmapDitherTypeNone, nullptr, 0.0f, WICBitmapPaletteTypeCustom));

3. 如果图像用于 D2D ,现在就可以直接用 ID2D1DeviceContext::CreateBitmapFromWicBitmap 方法创建 D2D 位图了:

ComPtr<ID2D1Bitmap1> d2d_bitmap;DX::ThrowIfFailed(_device_resources->GetD2DDeviceContext()->CreateBitmapFromWicBitmap(covert.Get(), &d2d_bitmap));

4. 如果要用于 D3D 则需要先创建 D3D 纹理:

// 创建D3D纹理用于3D渲染D3D11_TEXTURE2D_DESC tex_desc = { 0 };tex_desc.ArraySize = 1;tex_desc.BindFlags = D3D11_BIND_RENDER_TARGET | D3D11_BIND_SHADER_RESOURCE;tex_desc.CPUAccessFlags = 0;tex_desc.Format = DXGI_FORMAT_B8G8R8A8_UNORM;tex_desc.Height = height;tex_desc.Width = width;tex_desc.MipLevels = 1;tex_desc.MiscFlags = 0;tex_desc.SampleDesc.Count = 1;tex_desc.SampleDesc.Quality = 0;tex_desc.Usage = D3D11_USAGE_DEFAULT;ComPtr<ID3D11Texture2D> image_texture;DX::ThrowIfFailed(_device_resources->GetD3DDevice()->CreateTexture2D(&tex_desc, NULL, &image_texture));

5. 从 ID3D11Texture2D 对象中获取 IDXGISurface 接口,D2D和D3D只能通过DXGI进行交互:

ComPtr<IDXGISurface> dxgi_surface;DX::ThrowIfFailed(image_texture.As(&dxgi_surface));

6. 通过 ID2D1Factory::CreateDxgiSurfaceRenderTarget 方法创建 D2D 渲染目标:

float dpiX = 1.0f;float dpiY = 1.0f;_device_resources->GetD2DFactory()->GetDesktopDpi(&dpiX, &dpiY);D2D1_RENDER_TARGET_PROPERTIES props = D2D1::RenderTargetProperties(      D2D1_RENDER_TARGET_TYPE_DEFAULT,      D2D1::PixelFormat(DXGI_FORMAT_B8G8R8A8_UNORM, D2D1_ALPHA_MODE_PREMULTIPLIED),      dpiX,      dpiY      );ComPtr<ID2D1RenderTarget> render_target;DX::ThrowIfFailed(_device_resources->GetD2DFactory()->CreateDxgiSurfaceRenderTarget(dxgi_surface.Get(), props, &render_target));

7. 通过 ID2D1RenderTarget::CreateBitmapFromWicBitmap 方法创建位图(注意这里不能直接使用第3步创建的位图,是不同的渲染目标,设备相关的位图不能通用):

ComPtr<ID2D1Bitmap> bitmap;DX::ThrowIfFailed(render_target->CreateBitmapFromWicBitmap(covert.Get(), &bitmap));

8. 绘制位图到渲染目标,实际上也是绘制到 D3D 纹理:

render_target->BeginDraw();render_target->DrawBitmap(bitmap.Get());render_target->EndDraw();

 

参考:MSDN 《Direct2D 和 Direct3D 互操作性概述》