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[操作系统]编译安装zabbix 3.0及分开部署配置详解


实验系统:CentOS 6.6_x86_64

实验前提:提前准备好编译环境,防火墙和selinux都关闭

实验说明:本实验共有4台主机,IP及角色分配如拓扑

下载地址:试验中用到mariadb软件的下载地址,http://pan.baidu.com/s/1bnnYiMr

实验拓扑:

    

一、准备工作

  1.修改hostname和hosts文件为如下表格中内容:

        

    说明:mysql是zabbix数据存放主机,server是zabbix主服务主机,web是zabbix前端展示主机,agent是被监控主机。通常情况下这四个角色可以搭建在同一个主机上,在这个实验里是分开部署了。

  2.同步时间:

ntpdate 192.168.70.21     //地址写你自己的时间服务器

二、安装mysql服务器

  1.在mysql.jason.com主机上安装mysql:

tar xf mariadb-10.0.20-linux-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/cd /usr/local/ln -sv mariadb-10.0.20-linux-x86_64 mysqluseradd -r mysqlmkdir -pv /mydata/datachown -R mysql.mysql /mydata/data/cd mysql/chown -R root.mysql .scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/mydata/data/cp support-files/my-large.cnf /etc/my.cnfcp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqldchkconfig --add mysqldchkconfig mysqld on

  2.编辑配置文件并启动:

vim /etc/my.cnf----------------------------------------------->[mysqld]datadir = /mydata/data      //增加此行<-----------------------------------------------service mysqld start

  3.创建zabbix数据库和授权用户:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql------------------------------------>CREATE DATABASE zabbix;GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'192.168.19.%' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';GRANT ALL ON zabbix.* TO 'zabbix'@'mysql.jason.com' IDENTIFIED BY '123456';FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

  4.导入数据库文件:

wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gztar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gzcd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2/database/mysql//usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < schema.sql      //导入顺序不能错/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < images.sql/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uzabbix -p123456 zabbix < data.sql

三、安装Zabbix-Server服务器

  1.在server.jason.com主机上编译安装zabbix:

yum -y install mysql-devel libdevelwget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gztar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gzcd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2groupadd zabbixuseradd -g zabbix zabbix./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix-server --enable-server --with-mysql --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libmake install

   2.编辑配置文件并启动:

mkdir /var/log/zabbix
chown -R zabbix:zabbix /var/log/zabbix
vim /usr/local/zabbix-server/etc/zabbix_server.conf------------------------------------------------------------->LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_server.logDBHost=192.168.19.66DBName=zabbixDBUser=zabbixDBPassword=123456ListenIP=127.0.0.1,192.168.19.74
<-------------------------------------------------------------
/usr/local/zabbix-server/sbin/zabbix_server -c /usr/local/zabbix-server/etc/zabbix_server.conf //启动服务

     查看端口,已经开始监听了:

    

四、安装Zabbix-Web服务器

  1.在web.jason.com主机上安装httpd和php:

yum -y install httpd php php-mysql libXpm php-bcmath php-gd php-mbstring php-mkdir /var/www/html/zabbix
wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz
tar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gzcd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2/frontends/php/cp -a . /var/www/html/zabbix/

   2.配置php并启动httpd:

vim /etc/php.ini----------------------------------------->date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
post_max_size = 16M
max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
----------------------------------------->
service httpd start

    用浏览器访问http://192.168.19.76/zabbix,并按照提示安装:

    

     

    

    这里出现权限报错,将配置文件下载下来保存到/var/www/html/zabbix/conf/zabbix.conf.php文件中。如果手动写入配置文件之后如果还报错,可以忽略,将浏览器关闭并重新打开连接即可。登录账号admin,登录密码zabbix:

    

vim /var/www/html/zabbix/conf/zabbix.conf.php   //手动写入配置----------------------------------------------------------><?php// Zabbix GUI configuration file.global $DB;$DB['TYPE']   = 'MYSQL';$DB['SERVER']  = '192.168.19.66';$DB['PORT']   = '0';$DB['DATABASE'] = 'zabbix';$DB['USER']   = 'zabbix';$DB['PASSWORD'] = '123456';// Schema name. Used for IBM DB2 and PostgreSQL.$DB['SCHEMA'] = '';$ZBX_SERVER   = '192.168.19.74';$ZBX_SERVER_PORT = '10051';$ZBX_SERVER_NAME = '';$IMAGE_FORMAT_DEFAULT = IMAGE_FORMAT_PNG;?>

    

五、安装Zabbix-Agent端

  1.在agent.jason.com主机上安装:

wget http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Development/3.0.0alpha2/zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gztar xf zabbix-3.0.0alpha2.tar.gz cd zabbix-3.0.0alpha2groupadd zabbix-agentuseradd -g zabbix-agent zabbix-agent./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zabbix-agent --enable-agentmake install

  2.编辑配置文件:

mkdir /var/log/zabbixchown -R zabbix-agent:zabbix-agent /var/log/zabbix/vim /usr/local/zabbix-agent/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf------------------------------------------------------------>LogFile=/var/log/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.logServer=192.168.19.74ServerActive=192.168.19.74Hostname=agent.jason.comUser=zabbix-agent<------------------------------------------------------------
/usr/local/zabbix-agent/sbin/zabbix_agentd -c /usr/local/zabbix-agent/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf

 六、添加主机

  这里我就大体截图一下来演示了,过程可能并不详细:

    

    

    

    

    

  至此,演示过程全部结束,感谢大家的收看!如有问题,请联系QQ:82800452.