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[ASP.net教程]WPF Canvas 画区域

有时候需要实现类似于QQ截图那样的选择区域功能,这里的区域可以是一条线,圆,矩形等等

实现原理就是一个Canvas做蒙板,然后canvas的三个事件,MouseLeftButtonDown,MouseMove,MouseLeftButtonUp。非常easy!

首先,你要有个canvas

<Canvas Name="videocanvas" Height="288" Width="352" Background="Transparent" MouseMove="image_MouseMove" MouseLeftButtonDown="Mask_MouseLeftButtonDown" MouseLeftButtonUp="Mask_MouseLeftButtonUp"/>

然后实现他的事件,在之前我们先决定一下到底是什么形状的区域。

1 public static Shape CreateShape()2 {3   //矩形区域4   return new System.Windows.Shapes.Rectangle() { Fill = null, Stroke = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Red, StrokeThickness = 1 };5   //圆形区域6   //return new System.Windows.Shapes.Ellipse() { Fill = null, Stroke = System.Windows.Media.Brushes.Red, StrokeThickness = 1 };7 8 }

然后实现三个事件

bool drawFlag = false;Shape insertShape;System.Windows.Point startPosition;private void Mask_MouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e){  insertShape = CreateShape();  if (insertShape != null)  {    drawFlag = true;    Canvas board = sender as Canvas;    board.Children.Clear();    startPosition = e.GetPosition(board);    insertShape.Opacity = 1;    Canvas.SetLeft(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).X);    Canvas.SetTop(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).Y);    board.Children.Add(insertShape);  }}private void image_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e){  Canvas board = sender as Canvas;  if (drawFlag && insertShape != null)  {    if (e.GetPosition(board).X > startPosition.X)    {      insertShape.Width = e.GetPosition(board).X - startPosition.X;          }    else    {      insertShape.Width = startPosition.X - e.GetPosition(board).X;      Canvas.SetLeft(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).X);    }    if (e.GetPosition(board).Y > startPosition.Y)    {      insertShape.Height = e.GetPosition(board).Y - startPosition.Y;    }    else    {      insertShape.Height = startPosition.Y - e.GetPosition(board).Y;      Canvas.SetTop(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).Y);    }  }}private void Mask_MouseLeftButtonUp(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e){  drawFlag = false;  if (insertShape != null)  {    insertShape.Opacity = 1;    System.Windows.Point p = e.GetPosition(sender as Canvas);    Canvas.SetLeft(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).X);    Canvas.SetTop(insertShape, e.GetPosition(board).Y);  }}

本来还想做个多边形的例子,水平有限,没达到我想要的效果。研究研究再发。