你的位置:首页 > 操作系统

[操作系统]iOS中NSString常用操作合集


//1、创建常量字符串。
NSString *astring = @"This is a String!";


 
//2、创建空字符串,给予赋值。
复制代码
NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] init];

astring = @"This is a String!";

[astring release];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

//

NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] init];

NSLog(@"0x%.8x", astring);

astring=@"This is a String!";

NSLog(@"0x%.8x", astring);

[astring release];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);
复制代码


 
//3、在以上方法中,提升速度:initWithString方法
NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a String!"];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

[astring release];


 
//4、用标准c创建字符串:initWithCString方法
复制代码
char *Cstring = "This is a String!";

NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithCString:Cstring];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

[astring release];
复制代码


 
//5、创建格式化字符串:占位符(由一个%加一个字符组成)
复制代码
int i = 1;

int j = 2;

NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d.This is %i string!",i,j]];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

[astring release];
复制代码


 
//6、创建临时字符串
NSString *astring;

astring = [NSString stringWithCString:"This is a temporary string"];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);


 

//7、从文件创建字符串

NSString *path = [[NSBundlemainBundle] pathForResource:@"astring.text"ofType:nil];
NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithContentsOfFile:path];
NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);
[astring release];

 

//8、用字符串创建字符串,并写入到文件  


复制代码
NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a String!"];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

NSString *path = @"astring.text";

[astring writeToFile: path atomically: YES];

[astring release];
复制代码

注:此路径path只只是示意,真实路径并非如此
 
//9、用C比较:strcmp函数
复制代码
char string1[] = "string!";

char string2[] = "string!";

if(strcmp(string1, string2) == 0)
{

NSLog(@"1");

}
复制代码


 

//10、isEqualToString方法    

复制代码
NSString *astring01 = @"This is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"This is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 isEqualToString:astring02];

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);
复制代码


 

//11、compare方法(comparer返回的三种值)    

复制代码
//
NSString *astring01 = @"This is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"This is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 compare:astring02] == NSOrderedSame; //NSOrderedSame判断两者内容是否相同

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);

//
NSString *astring01 = @"This is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"this is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 compare:astring02] == NSOrderedAscending; //NSOrderedAscending判断两对象值的大小(按字母顺序进行比较,astring02大于astring01为真)

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);

//
NSString *astring01 = @"this is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"This is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 compare:astring02] == NSOrderedDescending; //NSOrderedDescending判断两对象值的大小(按字母顺序进行比较,astring02小于astring01为真)

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);
复制代码


 

//12、不考虑大小写比较字符串

复制代码
//1.
NSString *astring01 = @"this is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"This is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 caseInsensitiveCompare:astring02] == NSOrderedSame; //NSOrderedDescending判断两对象值的大小(按字母顺序进行比较,astring02小于astring01为真)

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);

//2.
NSString *astring01 = @"this is a String!";

NSString *astring02 = @"This is a String!";

BOOL result = [astring01 compare:astring02

options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch | NSNumericSearch] == NSOrderedSame; //NSCaseInsensitiveSearch:不区分大小写比较 NSLiteralSearch:进行完全比较,区分大小写 NSNumericSearch:比较字符串的字符个数,而不是字符值。

NSLog(@"result:%d",result);
复制代码


 
//13、输出大写或者小写字符串
复制代码
NSString *string1 = @"A String"; 

NSString *string2 = @"String";

NSLog(@"string1:%@",[string1 uppercaseString]);//大写

NSLog(@"string2:%@",[string2 lowercaseString]);//小写

NSLog(@"string2:%@",[string2 capitalizedString]);//首字母大小
复制代码


 

//14、-rangeOfString: //查找字符串某处是否包含其它字符串

复制代码
NSString *string1 = @"This is a string";

NSString *string2 = @"string";

NSRange range = [string1 rangeOfString:string2];

int location = range.location;

int leight = range.length;

NSString *astring = [[NSString alloc] initWithString:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"Location:%i,Leight:%i",location,leight]];

NSLog(@"astring:%@",astring);

[astring release];
复制代码

 

//15、-substringToIndex: 从字符串的开头一直截取到指定的位置,但不包括该位置的字符

NSString *string1 = @"This is a string";

NSString *string2 = [string1 substringToIndex:3];

NSLog(@"string2:%@",string2);


 

//16、-substringFromIndex: 以指定位置开始(包括指定位置的字符),并包括之后的全部字符

NSString *string1 = @"This is a string";

NSString *string2 = [string1 substringFromIndex:3];

NSLog(@"string2:%@",string2);


 

//17、-substringWithRange: //按照所给出的位置,长度,任意地从字符串中截取子串

NSString *string1 = @"This is a string";

NSString *string2 = [string1 substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(0, 4)];

NSLog(@"string2:%@",string2);


 

//18、-stringWithCapacity: //按照固定长度生成空字符串

NSMutableString *String;

String = [NSMutableString stringWithCapacity:40];


 
//19、-appendString: and -appendFormat: //把一个字符串接在另一个字符串的末尾
复制代码
NSMutableString *String1 = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a NSMutableString"];

[String1 appendString:@", I will be adding some character"];

[String1 appendFormat:[NSString stringWithFormat:@", I will be adding some character"]];

NSLog(@"String1:%@",String1);
复制代码



 
//20、-insertString: atIndex: //在指定位置插入字符串
NSMutableString *String1 = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a NSMutableString"];

[String1 insertString:@"Hi! " atIndex:0];

NSLog(@"String1:%@",String1);



 
//21、-setString: 
NSMutableString *String1 = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a NSMutableString"];

[String1 setString:@"Hello Word!"];

NSLog(@"String1:%@",String1);



 
//22、-replaceCharactersInRange: withString: //用指定字符串替换字符串中某指定位置、长度的字符串

NSMutableString *String1 = [[NSMutableString alloc] initWithString:@"This is a NSMutableString"];

[String1 replaceCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(0, 4) withString:@"That"];

NSLog(@"String1:%@",String1);


 
//23、-hasPrefix: //检查字符串是否以另一个字符串开头
NSString *String1 = @"NSStringInformation.txt";

[String1 hasPrefix:@"NSString"] = = 1 ? NSLog(@"YES") : NSLog(@"NO");

[String1 hasSuffix:@".txt"] = = 1 ? NSLog(@"YES") : NSLog(@"NO");



 
//24、扩展路径
复制代码
NSString *Path = @"~/NSData.txt";

NSString *absolutePath = [Path stringByExpandingTildeInPath];

NSLog(@"absolutePath:%@",absolutePath);

NSLog(@"Path:%@",[absolutePath stringByAbbreviatingWithTildeInPath]);
复制代码


 

//25、文件扩展名

NSString *Path = @"~/NSData.txt";

NSLog(@"Extension:%@",[Path pathExtension]);

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/lovekarri/articles/2380033.html