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[数据库]mysql子查询


1、where型子查询

(把内层查询结果当作外层查询的比较条件

#不用order by 来查询最新的商品

select goods_id,goods_name from goods where goods_id = (select max(goods_id) from goods);

#取出每个栏目下最新的产品(goods_id唯一)

select cat_id,goods_id,goods_name from goods where goods_id in(select max(goods_id) from goods group by cat_id); 

2、from型子查询

(把内层的查询结果外层再次查询)
#用子查询查出挂科两门及以上的同学的平均成绩
思路:
#先查出哪些同学挂科两门以上

select name,count(*) as gk from stu where score < 60 having gk >=2;

#以上查询结果,我们只要名字就可以了,所以再取一次名字

select name from (select name,count(*) as gk from stu having gk >=2) as t;

#找出这些同学了,那么再计算他们的平均分

select name,avg(score) from stu where name in (select name from (select name,count(*) as gk from stu having gk >=2) as t) group by name;

3、exists型子查询

(把外层查询结果拿到内层,看内层的查询是否成立)
#查询哪些栏目下有商品,栏目表category,商品表goods

select cat_id,cat_name from category where exists(select * from goods where goods.cat_id = category.cat_id);